Mir yeshiva (Jerusalem)
Hebrew: ישיבת מיר
|Founder||Eliezer Yehuda Finkel (Reb Leizer Yudel)|
|Dean||Eliezer Yehuda Finkel|
The Mir yeshiva (Hebrew: ישיבת מיר, Yeshivas Mir), known as the Mirrer Yeshiva or The Mir, is an Orthodox Jewish yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel. With over 7,500 single and married students, it is the largest yeshiva in Israel and one of the largest in the world. Many students are from the United States and Canada.
The yeshiva was originally founded in the small Polish town of Mir, Belarus in 1814 by Rabbi Shmuel Tiktinsky. After his death, his youngest son, Chaim Leib Tiktinsky, was appointed rosh yeshiva. He was succeeded by his son, Avrohom Tiktinsky, who brought Rabbi Eliyahu Boruch Kamai into the yeshiva. In 1903, Rabbi Kamai's daughter married Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Finkel (Reb Leizer Yudel), son of Rabbi Nosson Tzvi Finkel (the Alter of Slabodka), who in time became the rosh yeshiva of the Mir. The yeshiva remained in that location until 1914.
With the outbreak of World War I, the yeshiva moved to Poltava, Ukraine. In 1921, the yeshiva moved back to its original facilities in Mir, where it remained until Nazi Germany invaded Poland in 1939 marking the beginning of the Holocaust.
Although many of the foreign-born students left when the Soviet army invaded from the east, the yeshiva continued to operate, albeit on a reduced scale, until the approaching Nazi armies caused the leaders of the yeshiva to move the entire yeshiva community to Keidan, Lithuania.
Establishment in Jerusalem
Around this time, Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Finkel traveled to Palestine to obtain visas for his students and reestablish the yeshiva in Eretz Yisrael, but these plans were interrupted by the outbreak of World War II. In 1944, Rabbi Finkel opened a branch of the yeshiva in Jerusalem with ten students, among them Rabbi Yudel Shapiro (later Rosh Kollel Chazon Ish), Rabbi Chaim Brim (later rosh yeshiva of Rizhn-Boyan), and Rabbi Chaim Greineman.
The story of the escape to the Far East of Mir Yeshiva, along with thousands of other Jewish refugees during WWII, thanks largely to visas issued by the Japanese consul-general to Lithuania, Chiune Sugihara, has been the subject of several books and movies including the PBS documentary Conspiracy of Kindness. After the war, most of the Jewish refugees from the Shanghai ghetto left for Palestine and the United States. Among them were survivors from the Mir Yeshiva, many of whom rejoined the yeshiva in Jerusalem.
When Rabbi Finkel died on 19 July 1965 (19 Tammuz 5725), his son, Rabbi Beinish Finkel and his brother-in-law, Rabbi Chaim Leib Shmuelevitz became joint Mirrer rosh yeshivas. Reb Chaim was considered the main rosh yeshiva and when he died, his son-in-law, Rabbi Nachum Partzovitz, replaced him. Rabbi Beinish Finkel became rosh yeshiva after Reb Nachum died. With Rabbi Beinish's death in 1990, the reins were taken over by Rabbi Beinish's sons-in-law, with the rosh yeshiva, Rabbi Nosson Tzvi Finkel, at the helm. After his sudden death on 8 November 2011, Finkel's eldest son, Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, was named as his successor.
Under Rabbi Nosson Tzvi Finkel, the yeshiva's enrollment grew into the thousands. The large enrollment was divided into chaburas, or learning groups. Each chabura consists of the same type of student – e.g. American, European, Israeli, Hasidic, and non-Hasidic. These chaburas sit in designated areas in the Mir's various study halls, as well as in the same area in the dining room. Each chabura is subdivided by shiur (class), with one maggid shiur (lecturer) teaching an average of 40 to 60 students. The largest shiur in the yeshiva is that of Rabbi Asher Arieli, who gives shiurim in Yiddish to approximately 1000 students.
- Yitzchak Berkovits
- Moshe Faskowitz
- Yisrael Mendel Kaplan
- Azriel Levy, chief editor of the Oz VeHadar version of the Talmud
- Yaakov Luban
- Zvi Holland, Rosh Kollel, Phoenix Community Kollel
- Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, Rosh Yeshiva
- Refoel Shmuelevitz
- Yitzchok Ezrachi
- Aharon Chodosh, mashgiach ruchani
- Aryeh Finkel, Rosh Yeshiva, Mir Brachfeld
- Binyomin Carlebach
- Nachman Levovitz
- Yisroel Glustein
- Beyda, Rabbi Yehuda (2012). "Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel z.s.l.". Community Magazine. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "Jerusalem – Torah Chigri Sak! Hagaon Harav Nosson Tzvi Finkel, Zt"l". Vos Iz Neias?. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Krausz, Yossi. "Our Boys in Israel". Ami, October 23, 2013, pp. 44-53.
- Ettinger, Yair (9 November 2011). "Some 100,000 attend funeral of Rabbi Nosson Tzvi Finkel". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Rabbi Chaim Leib Shmulevitz: by Eliahu Meir Klugman
- Sugihara: Conspiracy of Kindness
- Ben Gedalyahu, Tzvi (8 November 2011). "Mir Yeshiva Rabbi Finkel Passes Away". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Toldot Yeshivat Mir, Zinowitz, M., Tel Aviv, 1981.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mir Yeshiva.|
- Mir Yeshiva of Jerusalem
- Reeva Kimble's "Brief History of the Jews of Mir"
- "Moving Plea by HaRav Nosson Tzvi Finkel to Get Rid of Cell Phones"