Mount Eliza, Victoria

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Mount Eliza
MelbourneVictoria
Mount Eliza is located in Melbourne
Mount Eliza
Mount Eliza
Location in metropolitan Melbourne
Coordinates 38°11′20″S 145°05′31″E / 38.189°S 145.092°E / -38.189; 145.092Coordinates: 38°11′20″S 145°05′31″E / 38.189°S 145.092°E / -38.189; 145.092
Population 17,888 (2016)[1]
 • Density 778/km2 (2,010/sq mi)
Established 1836
Postcode(s) 3930
Area 23 km2 (8.9 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Mornington Peninsula
State electorate(s) Mornington
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around Mount Eliza:
Frankston South
Mount Eliza Baxter
Mornington Mornington Moorooduc

Mount Eliza is a seaside town on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria, Australia. It is in the local government area of the Shire of Mornington Peninsula.

History[edit]

Mount Eliza was named in 1836 by Captain William Hobson after either Eliza Elliott, his wife, or Elizabeth Callaghan, the wife of John Batman.[2]

Prior to large scale subdivision, Mount Eliza was mainly a location for holiday homes, Mount Eliza Post Office opening on 15 November 1920.[3] This began to change in the early half of the 20th century when many old estates were subdivided. One such subdivision was Ranelagh Estate,[4] designed by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin in 1924 in tandem with the surveyors Tuxen and Miller.[5]

Daveys Bay was named after James Davey who constructed a jetty in the 1840s to ship his produce to Melbourne. In 1909 the Daveys Bay Yacht Club was established, and winds its way to a walking track overlooking Mt Eliza Beach on the shores of Canadian Bay, which was named after three Canadians who owned a sawmill in the area in the 1950s. In 1928, the independent girls school Toorak College was built and is one of the oldest independent girls schools in Victoria. By the 1950s the shopping precinct began to develop and by the 1960s was a well established shopping village. Hollywood glamour came to Mt Eliza in 1959 when movie stars Fred Astaire, Gregory Peck and Ava Gardner arrived to shoot the Stanley Kramer film, On The Beach, based on the novel of the same name by British novelist Nevil Shute who had lived at nearby Langwarrin.[6]

Adjacent to Sunnyside beach sits a historical property Morning Star Estate. Morning Star Estate is a distinctive example of a Victorian era mansion built as a rural or holiday retreat on the Mornington Peninsula, it incorporates a number of architectural styles - including Tudor and Gothic Revival.

Sunnyside estate (now Morning Star Estate) was originally purchased by Londoner Francis Alfred Gillett in 1865 a short time after he arrived in the colony in 1853. Gillett designed the Sunnyside mansion sometime around 1867-1870.[7][8][9] In 1932 the property was purchased, with funds from a bequest, by the Catholic Church and became known as Morning Star Boys' Home. The boys’ home was developed into a country-training centre for delinquent boys, giving them exposure to the benefits of rural life. The boys later became involved in an extensive building program, which led to further developments of the property. Despite this, the mansion remained the dominant architectural feature of the property.

Renovations and extensions were undertaken by the Franciscans in 1944-1946. Some effort to follow the lead of the mansion was made in the external Tudor/Gothic detailing of the large chapel. A number of courtyards were formed by the new buildings, including a large courtyard which was used for sports and was later enclosed. The remains of a football field lie to the south of the building complex, and a tall angular concrete pillar near the Nepean Highway originally carried a statue of the Virgin Mary sculpted by one of the brothers.[10][11]

Morning Star Estate has been in a number of films due to its location and historical buildings, including a three-month location shoot around the mansion for the movie Partisan, starring French actor Vincent Cassel, during 2013 and 2014.[12][13] The mansion was also the location for the Kath & Kim movie spin-off Kath & Kimderella.[14]

Morning Star estate is also home to possibly the largest rose garden in Victoria,[citation needed] and the gardens surrounding the main mansion are home to more than 700 varieties of ornamental roses.[11]

Geography[edit]

The town is bordered by Kackeraboite Creek, Humphries Road, Moorooduc Highway, Wooralla Drive, the Mornington railway line, Oakbank Road, Manyung Creek and Port Phillip.

There are several beaches and bays located in Mount Eliza, which include Canadian Bay (has had the name since the late 19th Century), Daveys Bay, Half Moon Bay, Moondah Beach, Ranelagh Beach and Sunnyside North Beach. In addition Mount Eliza is also home to the Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve and several creeks including Ballar Creek, Earimil Creek (formerly Dennant Creek), Gunyong Creek, Kackeraboite Creek, Manmangur Creek and Manyung Creek (named after the Manyung Fault.)

Mount Eliza Village[edit]

The town's main shopping area is known as Mount Eliza Village. It is situated at the intersection of Canadian Bay Road and Mount Eliza Way. The village is a bustling centre of activity and is well served by many businesses, including all four major banks.

Two major supermarkets, Ritchies Stores Supa IGA and Woolworths can be found along with many specialty shops.

Sport[edit]

There are many sporting clubs in Mount Eliza, but most notable is the Mount Eliza Football Club competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League which has produced many AFL players.[citation needed]

Mt Eliza Cricket Club which is one of the most successful Cricket Clubs on the Mornington Peninsula with ten First Eleven premierships and a total of more than 55, including the Juniors. During the 1980s the club was heralded as the largest cricket club in Australia with nine senior teams and eight junior teams. However, they are still held at bay by their rivals up the hill the mighty POBCC who make runs, take wickets and win flags for fun something the boys in green haven't done in years!

Mount Eliza Soccer Club [15] was formed in 2008 and has grown rapidly. They cater for all age groups and have approximately 500 members. The club competes in both the Football Federation Victoria Metropolitan League[16] and Bayside League[17].

There is Mornington Peninsula Pony Club that provides dressage, show jumping and cross-country facilities for young equestrian enthusiasts. The club holds rallies on the first Sunday of each month and is affiliated with the Pony Club Association of Victoria.

Other sporting clubs include the Mount Eliza Bowls club, the Mount Eliza Tennis Club and the Peninsula Old Boys Football Club who compete in the C Grade of the VAFA.

Davey's Bay Yacht Club is located in Mount Eliza. The club celebrated its centenary in 2009.[18]

Mount Eliza Skate Park, located in Emil Madsen Reserve, Wooralla Drive, opened in 2012.

Mount Eliza Fire Brigade[edit]

Mount Eliza is served by a volunteer fire brigade, part of the Country Fire Authority. The station responds to approximately 250 calls a year within the local area, supporting neighbouring brigades and further afield in the event of large bush fires. The brigade currently has three vehicles, a Scania Type 3 Medium Pumper, a medium tanker for rural fires and a Forward Control Vehicle. Mount Eliza Fire Brigade is part of District 8.

Education[edit]

Tertiary education[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

  • Kunyung Primary School
  • Mount Eliza Primary School
  • Mount Eliza North Primary School
  • St. Thomas More Catholic Primary School

Transport[edit]

Mount Eliza is served by two major roadways, the Nepean Highway and Moorooduc Highway.

The Melbourne bus routes 772, 773, 781, 784, 785 & 788 also serve the area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mount Eliza (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 June 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ La Trobeana - Journal of the C J La Trobe Society Inc. (PDF), retrieved 14 January 2017
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, archived from the original on 10 May 2008, retrieved 11 April 2008
  4. ^ "Ranelagh tours". Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Ranelagh residents". Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  6. ^ "History of Mt Eliza". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Volume 3 Maps and Citations for heritage places in Area 1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  8. ^ http://www.morningtoncemetery.com/Denominations/Church-of-England/Gillett-Florence/Gillett-Florence.shtml
  9. ^ http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/#detail_places;66368
  10. ^ http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/vic/E000345
  11. ^ a b http://www.morningstarestate.com.au/the-estate
  12. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3155242/combined
  13. ^ http://www.news.com.au/entertainment/movies/vincent-cassel-in-ariel-kleimans-new-australian-movie-partisan/story-e6frfmvr-1226759104420
  14. ^ http://www.weeklytimesnow.com.au/farm-magazine/judy-barrett-is-a-star-among-thorns-on-the-morning-star-estate/story-fnkf1gpu-1226824575043
  15. ^ https://www.mountelizasoccerclub.com.au/
  16. ^ http://websites.sportstg.com/club_info.cgi?c=1-8746-132676-441025-25949822
  17. ^ http://websites.sportstg.com/club_info.cgi?clubID=173728&c=0-9570-0-0-0
  18. ^ Davey's Bay Yacht Club

External links[edit]

School websites;

Sporting Club Websites;

Community Organisations;