National research and education network

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A National Research and Education Network (NREN) is a specialised internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the research and education communities within a country.

It is usually distinguished by support for a high-speed backbone network, often offering dedicated channels for individual research projects.

NRENs are usually the places where new Internet protocols and architectures are introduced before deployment within the Public Internet.[citation needed] Two examples of these protocols are IPv6 and IP multicast. Two examples of architecture are client/server and Cloud computing.

List of NRENs by geographic area[edit]

East and Southern Africa[edit]

North Africa[edit]

West and Central Africa[edit]

  • WACREN - West and Central African Research and Education Network
  • GARNET - Ghanaian NREN
  • MaliREN - Mali NREN
  • NgREN - Nigerien NREN
  • RITER - Côte d'Ivoire NREN
  • SenRER - Senegalese NREN
  • NgREN - Nigerian NREN

Asia Pacific[edit]

North America[edit]

Latin America[edit]

High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA and REUNA.[1]


  • C@ribNET - Caribbean NREN
  • TTRENT - Trinidad and Tobago NREN
  • JREN - Jamaica NREN
  • RADEI - NREN of the Dominican Republic



Middle East[edit]

Central Middle East[edit]


  • Antarctica - None



  1. ^ "New High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA". European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • Overview of Uzbekistan NREN (UZSCINet) in CEENGINE newsletter [2]
  • Overview of Ukrainian NRENs (URAN & UARNET) in CEENGINE newsletter [3]
  • Overview of Albanian NREN (ANA-AL) in CEENGINE newsletter [4]
  • Overview of Bulgarian NREN (BREN) in CEENGINE newsletter [5]
  • Signing of Trinidad and Tobago NREN (TTRENT) in Trinidad Guardian newspaper
  • [6]

Annual Compendiums[edit]

Further reading and case studies[edit]