National research and education network

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A National Research and Education Network (NREN) is a specialised internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the research and education communities within a country.

It is usually distinguished by support for a high-speed backbone network, often offering dedicated channels for individual research projects.

NRENs are usually the places where new Internet protocols and architectures are introduced before deployment within the Public Internet.[citation needed] Two examples of these protocols are IPv6 and IP multicast. Two examples of architecture are client/server and Cloud computing.

In recent years NRENs have also developed many 'above the net' services. National Identity federations, many of which are represented in REFEDs, are one example of such services.

List of NRENs by geographic area[edit]

East and Southern Africa[edit]

North Africa[edit]

West and Central Africa[edit]

  • WACREN - West and Central African Research and Education Network
  • GARNET - Ghanaian NREN
  • MaliREN - Mali NREN
  • NgREN - Nigerien NREN
  • RITER - Côte d'Ivoire NREN
  • SenRER - Senegalese NREN
  • NgREN - Nigerian NREN

Asia Pacific[edit]

North America[edit]

Name Type
Internet2 national
National LambdaRail national
ESnet national
CalREN state (California)
CEN state (Connecticut)
Illinois Century Network state (Illinois)
KanREN state (Kansas)
Merit Network state (Michigan)
NERO state (Oregon)
NCREN state (North Carolina)
NYSERNet state (New York)
OARnet state (Ohio)
PennREN state (Pennsylvania)
UEN state (Utah)
Name Type
CANARIE national
ACORN-NL provincial (Newfoundland and Labrador)
ACORN-NS provincial (Nova Scotia)
BCNET provincial (British Columbia)
Cybera provincial (Alberta)
ECN provincial (New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island)
MRnet provincial (Manitoba)
ORION provincial (Ontario)
RISQ provincial (Quebec)
SRNet provincial (Saskatchewan)

Latin America[edit]

High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA and REUNA.[1]


  • C@ribNET - Caribbean NREN
  • TTRENT - Trinidad and Tobago NREN
  • JREN - Jamaica NREN
  • RADEI - NREN of the Dominican Republic



Middle East[edit]

Central Asia[edit]


  • Antarctica - None



  1. ^ "New High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA". European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • Overview of Uzbekistan NREN (UZSCINet) in CEENGINE newsletter [2]
  • Overview of Ukrainian NRENs (URAN & UARNET) in CEENGINE newsletter [3]
  • Overview of Albanian NREN (ANA-AL) in CEENGINE newsletter [4]
  • Overview of Bulgarian NREN (BREN) in CEENGINE newsletter [5]
  • Signing of Trinidad and Tobago NREN (TTRENT) in Trinidad Guardian newspaper
  • [6]

Annual Compendiums[edit]

Further reading and case studies[edit]