Dublin–Navan railway line

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Dublin to Navan line
A section of the line in the Dublin Docklands
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerIarnród Éireann
LocaleIreland
Termini
Stations10
Service
TypeCommuter rail, Suburban rail
SystemIarnród Éireann
Operator(s)Iarnród Éireann
Commuter
Rolling stock29000 Class
22000 Class
History
Opened3 September 2010
Technical
Line length64 km (40 mi)
Number of tracksDouble track
CharacterSecondary
Track gauge1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) Irish gauge
ElectrificationNot electrified
Route map

Year
closed
Docklands
(Luas Spencer Dock)
Drumcondra
Dublin Broadstone
1937
Liffey Junction
1937
Broombridge Luas
Ashtown
Navan Road Parkway
Castleknock
Coolmine
Clonsilla
Hansfield
Dunboyne
M3 Parkway
Phase 1
Phase 2
Batterstown
1947
Drumree
1947
Dunshaughlin
proposed
Kilmessan Junction
1947
Kilmessan
proposed
Trim
1947
Athboy
1947
Bective
1947
Navan Central
proposed
Navan Junction
1958
Tara Junction
Tara Mine
Navan North
proposed
Proudstown
1939
Gibbstown
1947
Wilkinstown
1947
Castletown
1933
Nobber
1947
Kilmainham Wood
1947
Gypsum Industries
2001
Kingscourt
2001

The Dublin-Navan line (via Clonsilla) is a partially-open commuter rail line between Dublin and the town of Navan in County Meath. Since September 2010, train services operate from Docklands Station to M3 Parkway, with an extension to Navan itself proposed.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Navan was originally a significant part of the expanding rail network in Ireland. The Dublin and Drogheda Railway first constructed a branch from the Dublin-Belfast main line through Navan to the town of Oldcastle which opened in 1850. In 1862, the Dublin and Meath Railway constructed and operated a branch from Clonsilla to Navan off the MGWR main line to Sligo. This line was extended to Kingscourt in County Cavan in 1865, operated by the Navan and Kingscourt Railway. Both of these lines were eventually purchased by the MGWR, while the Oldcastle line was eventually incorporated into the GNR(I). Navan railway station itself was a small single platform stop on the Oldcastle line.[1] The main station for the town was Navan Junction, which had four platforms serving trains on both routes.[2]

In the 1950s and 1960s, there was a large scale rationalisation of the railway network in Ireland, which saw Córas Iompair Éireann close large sections of line. Passenger services on the Kingscourt line were ended in 1947, while on the Oldcastle line they continued until 1958. The lines from Clonsilla and Oldcastle to Navan were lifted in 1963, with the remainder remaining open for freight use following the withdrawal of passenger services - the Gypsum Industries plant in Kingscourt utilised the line as far as Navan Junction before transferring to the Oldcastle line to transport gypsum to the Platin Cement Works just outside Drogheda, while the Tara Mine also uses the Oldcastle branch to transport lead and zinc. Following industrial action by Iarnród Éireann train drivers in 2001, Gypsum freight services from Kingscourt were transferred to road haulage, which led to the remainder of the line being mothballed. The line has been preserved however, with the then Minister for Public Enterprise, Mary O'Rourke TD, ordering Iarnród Éireann not to 'lift' the railway line, as it may be used in the future.

Initial proposal and opening to M3 Parkway[edit]

The growth of the economy in County Meath, added to the increase in the population of Navan,[3] has led to calls over the past few years for a rail service to be reinstated from Dublin.

As part of the Transport 21 plan announced by the Irish Government in 2005, the line to Navan was to be rebuilt in two phases as a branch of the Western Commuter line. The first phase would see a 7.5 km stretch from the junction west of Clonsilla. This would feature three new railway stations at Hansfield, Dunboyne and a park and ride interchange called M3 Parkway. The M3 Parkway station opened in September 2010.[4]

Extension to Navan[edit]

Railways around Navan
Navan
Navan Central
Navan Junction
Tara Mine
Navan North

The second phase was originally planned to be completed by 2030 but, as of 2019, was deferred and subject to "review".[5] If completed as planned it would see the line extended from M3 Parkway to Navan itself, with further stations at Dunshaughlin, Kilmessan and two in Navan (provisionally titled Navan Central and Navan North).[6] The former, Navan Central, was proposed to be located near Páirc Tailteann.[7] Plans expected that the latter station, Navan North, would be the northern terminus of a reinstated line.[8][9] Plans for both the Dunshaughlin and Kilmessan stations were deferred due to the reduction in exchequer funding for capital investment programmes.[10]

Since the early 21st century, Docklands has served as the terminus for peak time services on the Western Commuter originating from M3 Parkway.[11] The proposal would have seen this station expanded to become the main terminus for Western Commuter services, including from Navan. However, in 2007, Iarnród Éireann announced plans to restore rail services to the long closed Dublin Broadstone station, which IÉ planned to use as its major terminus for commuter services from Mullingar and Navan.[12]

In March 2008, the transport minister blocked these proposals in favour of utilising Broadstone for the Luas system, instead encouraging IÉ to seek planning permission to keep Docklands as the terminus for the Navan line and services from Maynooth and Kildare.[13] As part of the wider improvements to the commuter network around Dublin, it is proposed to electrify the line as far as M3 Parkway which will form part of the planned DART Line 1.

By 2019, no progress had been made on the proposed Navan extension. That year, the Irish government's regional spatial strategy recommended that the status of the plans be downgraded from "implementation" to "review"; seen as a setback to the opening of the line.[5] However, by the end of 2020 the line was once again included as part of a consultation into updating the Greater Dublin Area Transport Strategy.[14]

In January 2023, the Government of Ireland approved a bill for a €750m development plan for the rest of the line to Navan, with a possible opening by 2036.[15]

Criticism[edit]

Although the proposal to reinstate a rail service between Dublin and Navan has been welcomed, particularly in view of the comparison of cost with the M3 motorway (estimated to be €650 million against €90 million for the railway),[16] there has been criticism of the details of the proposal by the pressure group Rail Users Ireland (formerly Platform 11).[17] This group's alternative proposal would see the relaying of the line between Navan and Drogheda to standards necessary for passenger trains, the installation of two new stations, together with the reopening of Navan station.[17] This would allow services to run from Navan to Connolly Station in Dublin via Drogheda.

Criticism has also been levelled at Meath County Council, with Rail Users Ireland pointing out that part of the rail alignment planned to Navan was obstructed by the installation of a sewer main.[18][19] The group has also suggested that, given the two-phase approach to implementing the plan, there is little benefit to residents of Navan until the line is extended there, due to the current positioning of the toll collection points near M3 Parkway station. In addition to this station being 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Navan itself, the toll point is positioned before drivers reach the station.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Navan station - eiretrains.com
  2. ^ Navan Junction station - eiretrains.com
  3. ^ Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Transport 21 - Navan Rail Line Archived 4 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b "Planning minister asks that Navan Rail line priority be downgraded". Meath Chronicle. 26 August 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Projects & Investment - Navan Railway Line - Drawings & Schematics". irishrail.ie. Irish Rail. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Navan Central option" (PDF). Irish Rail. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2011.
  8. ^ "Map - Navan North Option" (PDF). irishrail.ie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2011.
  9. ^ "Map - Route Alignment Options" (PDF). irishrail.ie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2011.
  10. ^ "Irish Rail Navan Railway Line - General Information". Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
  11. ^ Transport 21 - Docklands Railway Station Archived 10 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Broadstone to Live Again Archived 20 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine[better source needed]
  13. ^ Dempsey derails ambitious CIÉ plan and opts for new Luas line - Irish Times, 06/02/08
  14. ^ "Navan rail study to be included in review of NTA Dublin transport strategy". Meath Chronicle. 26 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  15. ^ "Is the Navan rail line dream back on track? Cabinet expected to sign off on 2031 start date for €750m project". Meath Chronicle. 18 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  16. ^ Meath by rail...why not?
  17. ^ a b Navan Already Has a Rail Line to Dublin
  18. ^ Meath CC admit blocking alignment
  19. ^ Clonsilla-Navan: It's No Certainty
  20. ^ A Rail Service for Navan

External links[edit]