New Wave of American Heavy Metal
|New Wave of American Heavy Metal|
|Stylistic origins||Alternative metal, groove metal, punk rock, thrash metal, melodic death metal|
|Cultural origins||Early—mid 1990s, United States and Canada|
|Typical instruments||Vocals, electric guitar, bass guitar, drums|
The New Wave of American Heavy Metal is a heavy metal music movement that originated in the United States during the early to mid-1990s and expanded most in the early to mid 2000s. Some of the bands considered part of the movement had formed as early as the late 1980s, but did not become influential or reach popular standing until the following decade. The term itself borrows from the New Wave of British Heavy Metal dating to 1979.
Although the term is used by the media with increasing frequency, the definition has not been finished completely. This is due in part to the growing addition of bands that assimilate to common styles in NWOAHM (as defined below), yet have not differentiated greatly enough as to garner a new genre moniker. One description by longtime metal author Garry Sharpe-Young helps classify the NWOAHM as a "marriage of European-style riffing and throaty vocals" Several of the bands within the NWOAHM are credited with bringing heavy metal back into the mainstream.
The New Wave of American Heavy Metal has its origins in a group of post-grunge acts from the 1990s that brought heavy metal "back to its core brutality" and drawing not from the traditional blues formula but from thrash metal and punk. Joel McIver in his book The Next Generation of Rock & Punk has acknowledged Korn as starting the New Wave of American Heavy Metal, and also credits them as the first band labeled as nu-metal. The rise of the genre in the early 2000s is also attributed to Korn and to the saturation of nu-metal in that period. Other roots of NWOAHM are attributed to the bands such as Pantera, Biohazard, Slipknot, and Machine Head. NWOAHM includes a wide variety of styles, including alternative metal, groove metal, industrial metal, melodic death metal, metalcore, progressive metal, sludge metal, southern metal, and stoner metal.
The producers behind the 2005 documentary Metal: A Headbanger's Journey have written of the NWOAHM: "In essence, NWOAHM can embody the seething aggression of the 'hardcore' hormone, but play a type of acrobatic, precise, technical thrash/death metal synthesis regularly touched by the melody of traditional metal, but often just briefly. Vocally, these bands huddle around Pantera-derived roar, leaning toward a death metal bark, but often with 'clean' or 'sung' vocals as ear candy, sometimes from a member of the band who is not the front man." They also reference Unearth, Shadows Fall, and Lamb of God as "leaders of the pack".
In the book New Wave of American Heavy Metal, when listing the wave's most popular contributors, Garry Sharpe-Young stated: "...the groups that broke the metal scene into new territory after grunge [were] Pantera, Biohazard, and Machine Head. From there it gets really diverse, crossing the spectrum from melodic death metal to progressive metal and everything in between." Sharpe-Young described bands such as Pantera, Biohazard and Machine Head as neo-metal, writing that the band Pantera started a new time period of heavy metal that involved both Biohazard and Machine Head. Sharpe-Young lists the broad range of styles in the New Wave of American Heavy Metal movement as ranging from the Christian metalcore scene, the 70's progressive rock of Coheed and Cambria, melodic death metal, and the screamo and "sub-Gothique" emocore of Alkaline Trio and My Chemical Romance. Beyond this, the genre encompasses a number of different styles including alternative metal, groove metal, hardcore punk and metalcore, despite the fact that metalcore and hardcore punk pre-date NWOAHM by almost twenty years.
List of key artists
A list of notable bands who emerged during the NWOAHM era of music:
- 10 Years
- 100 Demons
- 21 Guns
- 25 ta Life
- 3 Inches of Blood
- 36 Crazy Fists
- 7 Angels 7 Plagues
- Abigail Williams
- The Acacia Strain
- Acid Bath
- A Day to Remember
- A Dozen Furies
- Age of Ruin
- Agnostic Front
- The Agony Scene
- A Life Once Lost
- Alkaline Trio
- All Out War
- All Shall Perish
- All That Remains
- American Head Charge
- Andrew W.K.
- A Perfect Murder
- Armor for Sleep
- As Cities Burn
- As I Lay Dying
- At All Cost
- A Static Lullaby
- At the Drive-In
- Avenged Sevenfold
- Bad Acid Trip
- Bad Brains
- Bad Religion
- Becoming the Archetype
- Behold... The Arctopus
- Between the Buried and Me
- The Black Dahlia Murder
- Black Label Society
- Bleeding Through
- Bury Your Dead
- Cave In
- Common Dead
- Coheed and Cambria
- Darkest Hour
- Demon Hunter
- Dropkick Murphys
- Drowning Pool
- The Dillinger Escape Plan
- Eighteen Visions
- Give Up the Ghost
- God Forbid
- Killswitch Engage
- Lamb of God
- Machine Head
- Martyr A.D.
- Misery Signals
- Most Precious Blood
- My Chemical Romance
- Norma Jean
- Poison the Well
- The Red Chord
- Remembering Never
- Shadows Fall
- Still Remains
- Suicide Silence
- Superjoint Ritual
- Winter Solstice
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- McIver, Joel (2002). "How Did We Get to Nu-Metal From Old Metal?". Nu-Metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 10; 12. ISBN 0-7119-9209-6.
- Metal: A Headbanger's Journey (2005, Director: Sam Dunn), Disc Two: "Metal Genealogy Chart"
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