Technical death metal

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Technical death metal (also known as tech-death, progressive death metal, or prog-death)[1][dubious ] [2] is a musical subgenre of death metal that focuses on complex rhythms, riffs and song structures.

Technical experimentation in death metal began in the late 1980s and early 1990s by bands such as Death, Atrocity, Atheist and Cynic.[3] In 1990 Atrocity, with their first album Hallucinations, have significantly influenced many bands. In 1990, Nocturnus released their debut album, The Key, which was followed by Sarcófago's third album, The Laws of Scourge, featuring a change in their musical style from black metal/thrash metal to technical death metal. Atheist's second album, Unquestionable Presence; Pestilence's third album, Testimony of the Ancients; and Death's fourth album, Human, were all released the very next year. Human and later Death albums have proven especially influential on later 1990s technical death metal bands.[3] In 1991, New York's grindcore-influenced Suffocation released their debut album Effigy of the Forgotten, which focused on pairing speed and brutality with a "sophisticated" sense of songwriting. The album subsequently became groundbreaking in the genre.[4] Swedish band Edge of Sanity would move on to a more progressive and melodic style with their albums The Spectral Sorrows and Purgatory Afterglow, but when the band released the one song 40-minute album Crimson in 1996 and the 43-minute/nine-part sequel Crimson II in 2003, they left an impact on later progressive/technical death metal bands. Another Swedish band Opeth are a highly important band to this subgenre with albums such as My Arms, Your Hearse, Still Life, and Blackwater Park all combining death metal with progressive rock.

List of bands[edit]

The band Necrophagist performing in Germany in 2010
Band Country Formed Notes
Aeon Sweden 1999 [5]
Anata Sweden 1993 [6]
Arsis U.S. 2000 [3][7]
Atheist U.S. 1984 [3]
Atrocity Germany 1985 [8]
Augury Canada 2001 [9]
Becoming the Archetype U.S. 1999 [10]
Beneath the Massacre Canada 2004 [11][12]
Between the Buried and Me U.S. 2000 [13]
Black Crown Initiate United States 2012 [citation needed][14]
Brain Drill U.S. 2005 [9][15][16][17]
The Burial U.S. 2009 [18]
Burning the Masses U.S. 2005 [19]
Cephalic Carnage U.S. 1992 [20]
Coprofago Chile 1993 [21]
Cryptopsy Canada 1992 [3][22][23][24]
Cynic U.S. 1987 [3]
Death U.S. 1983 [3][25]
Decapitated Poland 1996 [26]
Decrepit Birth U.S. 2001 [27]
Despised Icon Canada 2002 [28][29]
Dying Fetus U.S. 1991 [30]
Electrocution Italy 1990 [31][32]
Extol Norway 1994 [33]
The Faceless U.S. 2004 [34]
Fleshgod Apocalypse Italy 2007 [citation needed]
Gojira France 1996 [35]
Gorguts Canada 1989 [3][36]
In Battle Sweden 1996 [37]
Into the Moat U.S. 2001 [38]
Knights of the Abyss U.S. 2005 [39]
Man Must Die United Kingdom 2002 [40]
Necrophagist Germany 1992 [3][41]
Neuraxis Canada 1994 [3][42]
Ne Obliviscaris Australia 2003 [citation needed]
Nile U.S. 1993 [43]
Nocturnus U.S. 1987 [44]
Obscura Germany 2002 [9]
Odious Mortem U.S. 1998 [45]
Opeth Sweden 1990 [46]
Origin U.S. 1997 [47]
Pestilence Netherlands 1986 [48]
Psycroptic Australia 1999 [49][50][51]
The Red Chord U.S. 1999 [52]
Revocation U.S. 2006 [53]
Revulsed Australia 2010 [54]
Rings of Saturn U.S. 2009 [55]
Spawn of Possession Sweden 1997 [56]
Suffocation U.S. 1989 [4]
Trigger the Bloodshed United Kingdom 2006 [57]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Simms, Kelley. "Obscura Interview". About.com. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  2. ^ "progressive death metal tag — Music at Last.fm". last.fm. Retrieved 2016-08-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Freeman, Phil. "The Man-Machine Will Rock You: The Existential Paradox of Technical Death Metal". The High Hat. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  4. ^ a b Rivadavia, Eduardo. Effigy of the Forgotten. AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  5. ^ Chad Bowar Aeon Rise to Dominate at About.com
  6. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Conductor's Departure review". About.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  7. ^ Harris, Chris. "Arsis May Cancel Tour after Trailer Wreck". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  8. ^ "Atrocity". laut.de. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c Marsicano, Don. "Augury – 'Fragmentary Evidence'". About.com. Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  10. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Becoming The Archetype - I Am Review" (Web). About.com. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  11. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: Satyricon, Trivium, Heaven Shall Burn, Brutal Truth & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  12. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Beneath the Massacre". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  13. ^ Donnelly, Dave. "The Parallax II: Future Sequence - Between the Buried and Me". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  14. ^ "Black Crown Initiate". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-10-18. 
  15. ^ Harris, Chris & Widerhorn, Jon. "Brain Drill Raise The Death-Metal Bar; Plus Iron Maiden, Walls of Jericho & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  16. ^ Bowar, Chad. "February 2008 Best Heavy Metal CDs". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  17. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Apocalyptic Feasting review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  18. ^ Sol (July 22, 2013). "Album Review: THE BURIAL In the Taking of Flesh". Metal Injection. Retrieved September 26, 2016. 
  19. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Mind Control - Burning the Masses". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  20. ^ Adrien Begrand. "Cephalic Carnage Xenosapien". PopMatters. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  21. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Coprofago". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  22. ^ Harris, Chris. "Cryptopsy Drummer Dismisses Sell-Out Claims; Plus Sepultura & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  23. ^ Robinson, Iann. "Metal File: Hard & Heavy News On Judas Priest, Vader, Fireball Ministry, Children of Bodom, Cryptopsy & More". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  24. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "36 Crazyfists Pounding Away on Next Album; Plus Anthrax, Ipsissimus & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  25. ^ Pratt, Greg. Symbolic review. Revolver. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  26. ^ "Decapitated". NME. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  27. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Polarity - Decrepit Birth". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  28. ^ "Despised Icon". RevolverBlips. 
  29. ^ "Despised Icon review". AllMusic. 
  30. ^ "Dying Fetus Descend into Depravity Review – Review of Descend into Depravity by Dying Fetus". Heavymetal.about.com. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  31. ^ Vitolo, Eduardo (2012). Sub Terra. Milano: Tsunami Edizioni. pp. 316 – 319. ISBN 978-88-96131-41-1. 
  32. ^ "Electrocution - Encyclopaedia Metallum: The Metal Archives". www.metal-archives.com. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  33. ^ Born, R. "Extol". MusicMight. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  34. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Meshuggah Tour Dates". About.com. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  35. ^ Lissa Brennan, With French death-metal pioneers Gojira, the lyrics matter as much as the blastbeats, pittsburghcitypaper.ws, October 15, 2009
  36. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Top 5 Most Underrated Death Metal Albums from Charles Elliott of Abysmal Dawn". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  37. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Kingdom of Fear review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  38. ^ Falzon, Denise. "The Campaign review". Exclaim!. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  39. ^ Henderson, Alex. "The Culling of Wolves review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  40. ^ Ogle, Ryan. "No Tolerance for Imperfection (Relapse)". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  41. ^ York, William. "Epitaph review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  42. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Thin Line Between review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  43. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: In This Moment, Behemoth, Nile & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  44. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Nocturnus". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  45. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Cryptic Implosion review". About.com. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  46. ^ Sharp-Young, Gary and Yura. "Opeth". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  47. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Antithesis review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  48. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Resurrection Macabre review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  49. ^ Unknown. "PSYCROPTIC: Orangevale Footage Available – Apr. 12, 2009". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  50. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Psycroptic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  51. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Ob(servant) review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  52. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Fed Through the Teeth Machine – The Red Chord". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  53. ^ Hartmann, Graham 'Gruhamed'. "No. 45: Revocation, 'Dismantle the Dictator' – Top 21st Century Metal Songs". Loudwire. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  54. ^ F, Daniel (November 2015). "Revulsed – Infernal Atrocity". Whiskey Soda (in German). Retrieved October 22, 2016. 
  55. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Rings of Saturn biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-11-22. 
  56. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Incurso - Spawn of Possession". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  57. ^ Dan Marsicano, "(...) technical death metal ala Suffocation and Nile", Trigger The Bloodshed – 'The Great Depression' at About.com