Newry, South Carolina

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Newry, South Carolina
Census-designated place
Newry Mill
Newry Mill
Location in Oconee County and the state of South Carolina.
Location in Oconee County and the state of South Carolina.
Coordinates: 34°43′33″N 82°54′25″W / 34.72583°N 82.90694°W / 34.72583; -82.90694
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Oconee
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 690 ft (210 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 172
 • Density 430/sq mi (172/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29665
Area code(s) 864
Newry Historic District
Newry, South Carolina is located in South Carolina
Newry, South Carolina
Newry, South Carolina is located in the US
Newry, South Carolina
Location Broadway, River Ridge Rd., South, Branch, and Palmetto Aves., Newry, South Carolina
Coordinates 34°43′28″N 82°54′32″W / 34.72444°N 82.90889°W / 34.72444; -82.90889Coordinates: 34°43′28″N 82°54′32″W / 34.72444°N 82.90889°W / 34.72444; -82.90889
Area 117 acres (47 ha)
Built 1893
Architect Whaley, W.B.S., et al.
Architectural style Late Gothic Revival
NRHP Reference # 82003897[1]
Added to NRHP March 19, 1982

Newry is a Census-designated place in Oconee County, South Carolina, United States.[2] According to the 2010 United States Census, the population of the CDP was 172.[3]

Newry Historic District[edit]

The National Register of Historic Places also lists a historic district[4] of Newry. The borders of the Historic District[5] differ somewhat from the borders of the CDP.[6]

History[edit]

Captain William Ashmead Courtenay (1831-1908) served in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia in the Civil War, and was the mayor of Charleston, South Carolina from 1879-1887.[7] Courtenay and a group of investors formed the Courtenay Manufacturing Company in 1893 with an initial capitalization of $134,500.[8] The company purchased 350 acres (1.4 km2) of land along the Little River in Oconee County on June 1, 1893.[4] The company dammed the Little River to power the mill constructed on the site. They also constructed a village of about 50 cottages, and the mill began manufacturing cotton cloth on June 14, 1894.[8][9]

Captain Courtenay's father emigrated to the United States from Ireland in 1791.[7] It is traditionally believed that Courtenay named the village after his ancestral home of Newry which was a small industrial village at the time.[4] The company owned the houses in the town, expanded from the original 50 cottages to about 85 residences, two churches, and a combined post office and company store, during the period from 1893 to 1910.[4] The mill was immediately profitable, giving its investors a 15% rate of return in its first year of operation.[8]

Following Courtenay's death in 1908, his sons managed the mill until approximately 1920. In 1946, the Courtenay Manufacturing Company merged with Anderson Cotton Mills, Panola Mills, and Grendel Mills to form a corporation called Abney Mills.[4] Abney Mills continued operations at the mill in Newry, but sold the houses of the community to their residents in 1959.[10] In 1972, the earthen Little River Dam was constructed and Lake Keowee was filled. Newry's baseball field was destroyed to make way for the dam.[10]

Abney Mills closed the Newry mill in July 1975. Some of the employees and town residents left to work at other Abney Mills factories. The village lost many residents. In 1980, Newry's population was estimated to be 250.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ See http://factfinder2.census.gov for population numbers and for municipality and CDP lists in the 2010 Census.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Newry Historic District, Oconee County (Newry)". National Register Sites in South Carolina. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  5. ^ "Map of Newry Historical District". National Register Sites in South Carolina. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  6. ^ "Map of Newry CDP" (PDF). 2010 United States Census. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  7. ^ a b "William Ashmead Courtenay". Courtenay Society U.S.A. Website. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  8. ^ a b c Phillips, William H. (June 1985). "Southern Textile Mill Villages on the Eve of World War II: The Courtenay Mill of South Carolina". The Journal of Economic History. 45 (2): 269–275. doi:10.1017/S0022050700033945. 
  9. ^ "Mss 162, Courtenay Manufacturing Company Records, 1889 - 1971" (PDF). Special Collections, Clemson University Libraries, Clemson, SC 29634-3001. 
  10. ^ a b Babb, Kent (2007-03-11). "Ties that bind: Newry and Isle of Palms have healed through sports and struggled in their". The State. 

External links[edit]