Niall Quinn

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Niall Quinn
Niall Quinn 2011 (cropped).jpg
Quinn in 2011
Personal information
Full name Niall John Quinn[1]
Date of birth (1966-10-06) 6 October 1966 (age 56)[1]
Place of birth Dublin, Ireland
Height 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)[2]
Position(s) Striker
Youth career
Manortown United
Arsenal
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1983–1990 Arsenal 67 (14)
1990–1996 Manchester City 204 (66)
1996–2002 Sunderland 203 (61)
2006 BEC Tero Sasana 1 (0)
Total 475 (141)
International career
1985 Republic of Ireland U17 5 (4)
1986–1989 Republic of Ireland U21 5 (0)
1990 Republic of Ireland U23 1 (1)
1990 Republic of Ireland B 1 (2)
1986–2002 Republic of Ireland 92 (21)
Management career
2006 Sunderland
*Club domestic league appearances and goals

Niall John Quinn (honorary MBE;[3] born 6 October 1966) is an Irish former professional footballer, manager, businessman and sports television pundit.

As a player he was a striker who played top flight football for Arsenal, Manchester City and Sunderland, with spells in the Premier League for both City and the Black Cats. Quinn also received 92 caps for the Republic of Ireland national football team, scoring 21 times, which makes him Ireland's second highest goalscorer of all time. He also appeared with the Irish team at the UEFA European Football Championship of 1988 and two FIFA World Cups in 1990 and 2002.[4][5]

He later was part of a consortium to buy Sunderland and became the clubs chairman. He also had a spell as manager before stepping down to a role of club director. He left the club in February 2012 and has since worked as a pundit namely on Sky Sports.

Playing career[edit]

Gaelic games[edit]

Niall Quinn played Gaelic football for the Perrystown, Dublin 12, club Robert Emmets.[6] He also played underage football and hurling for Dublin. In July 1983, Quinn captained a Dublin Colleges GAA party on a one-month tour of Australia.[citation needed]

Aged 16, he played in the 1983 All-Ireland Minor Hurling Championship Final,[7] and was offered a contract to play professional Australian rules football before settling on a career in football.[8] He played Gaelic football[9] for Co. Kildare club Eadestown after his retirement, winning a junior C county title in 2008.[10]

Club career[edit]

"I learned my trade at Arsenal, became a footballer at Manchester City, but Sunderland got under my skin. I love Sunderland."

— Niall Quinn, The Autobiography[11]

Arsenal[edit]

He played as a youth for Irish club Manortown United and then Lourdes Celtic in Crumlin, Dublin 12. After an unsuccessful trial at Fulham he signed professional forms with English club Arsenal in 1983. He was signed as a centre-forward, but also had a brief spell as a centre-half for the Arsenal third team.[12] After scoring 18 goals in 18 reserve matches in the first half of the 1985–86 season, Quinn was included in the first-team squad for a match against Liverpool.[7] Quinn scored in the match as Arsenal recorded a 2–0 win.[13] He made a further 11 league appearances for Arsenal that season, but failed to score as they finished seventh in the league.[14] The end of the season brought Quinn his first call-up to the Republic of Ireland national team.[15]

Quinn found himself playing under a new manager for the following season, as George Graham was appointed in place of Don Howe.[16] Quinn had a regular place in the side that season, appearing in 35 league games and scoring eight goals. He also collected a Football League Cup winner's medal as Arsenal triumphed 2–1 over Liverpool.[17] However, after Arsenal signed another target man, Alan Smith, in the 1987 close season,[18] Quinn struggled to get into the team. Over the next three seasons he managed a total of just 20 league appearances and five goals – his three appearances in 1988–89 not being enough for a title medal. Quinn's lack of opportunities led him to submit a written transfer request at the start of the 1989–90 season.[19] In total he scored 20 goals in 94 appearances for Arsenal, of which 81 were starts.[13]

Manchester City[edit]

Manchester City manager Howard Kendall signed Quinn for £800,000 in March 1990, shortly before the transfer deadline.[20] He marked his debut with a goal, in a 1–1 draw against Chelsea at Maine Road.[20] He scored 22 times in his first full season, and he went on to spend six years at the club, scoring 78 goals in 245 appearances; his time at City was hampered by a cruciate ligament injury in 1993–94. Although he returned to the side the following season, he managed just eight goals from 35 games.

His most notable game for City was 20 April 1991 when he scored early on and saved a penalty as City beat Derby County 2–1, relegating Derby in the process.[21] City goalkeeper Tony Coton had been sent off before half time for fouling Dean Saunders to concede the penalty. At this time teams rarely named goalkeepers as substitutes, so Quinn replaced Coton in goal. Other notable games included the Manchester derby on 7 November 1993, in which he scored twice in the first half to put City 2–0 up against United by half time, although a remarkable United comeback saw City lose 3–2.[22]

In the 1993 close season, Everton made a bid to sign Quinn and a further bid was made early in the 1993–94 season, but both bids were rejected and Quinn remained at Maine Road for a further three seasons.[23] A cruciate ligament injury sustained in a match against Sheffield Wednesday in November 1993 caused Quinn to miss the majority of the 1993–94 season, and prevented him from playing in the 1994 FIFA World Cup. He returned at the start of the 1994–95 season, but the partnership forged by Uwe Rösler and Paul Walsh in his absence meant he was not always a starter. In attempt to reduce the wage bill, Manchester City tried to sell Quinn in the 1995 close-season, but a proposed move to Lisbon club Sporting fell through after failure to agree contractual terms.[24]

He managed a total of 193 league appearances in over six years at Maine Road, and scored a total of 64 goals for them.[25]

Sunderland[edit]

Quinn playing in Jody Craddock's testimonial, 2014

Quinn finished his career with a highly successful spell at Sunderland, joining the north-east club in August 1996 for a club record £1.3 million, although he missed six months of his first season due to a knee injury – similar to the one which ruined his World Cup chances three years earlier. Before his injury, he had got off to a fine start to his Sunderland career, finding the net twice on his debut in a 4–1 win at Nottingham Forest. In his absence from September to March, Sunderland struggled and although he was back in action by the end of the season, they were relegated.[26]

His partnership with striker Kevin Phillips, signed in the 1997 close season, was one of the most prolific in the Football League in the late 1990s/early 2000s (a combined 194 goals for both players in all competitions from 1997-98 to 2002-03) and helped the club to regain promotion to the Premiership for the 1999–2000 season. In March 1999 Quinn again had to play in goal, this time replacing the injured Thomas Sørensen in a game against Bradford City. In similar circumstances to when playing for Manchester City against Derby County in 1991 Quinn scored and then went in goal, and kept a clean sheet to help his side win.[27] He also has the distinction of being the first player to score at Sunderland's Stadium of Light, against Manchester City in 1997. He became a local legend at Sunderland, winning both the Sunderland and North East Sportswriters' Player of the Year awards in 1999 after scoring 21 goals in Sunderland's record-breaking Division One title-winning season. His final appearance for Sunderland came on 19 October 2002 against West Ham.[28]

In a league career lasting 17 years, he had played a total of 475 times in the Premier League and Football League, scoring 141 goals.

International career[edit]

Quinn played in the qualifiers for the 1986 UEFA European Under-18 Football Championship, and made his Irish international debut at under-17 level against Northern Ireland at Seaview in a 6–1 friendly win in January 1985, the first ever fixture between the two nations. Quinn scored a hat trick as did Eamonn Dolan. However Arsenal refused permission for Quinn to travel to the 1985 FIFA World Youth Championships.[citation needed]

Quinn made his senior debut as a substitute against the host nation in the Iceland Triangular Tournament in 1986. Quinn played for his country at two World Cups, in 1990 and 2002; he missed the 1994 FIFA World Cup because of injury.[29] Quinn was also a member of the Irish squad that participated in the 1988 European Championship playing just once, as a substitute in the Republic of Ireland's 1–0 win over England in Stuttgart.

Quinn scored the equaliser against the Netherlands in the 1990 FIFA World Cup which allowed the Republic to progress to the second round of that tournament. In the qualifiers for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, he scored against Cyprus on his 35th birthday to break the all-time goalscoring record, then held by Frank Stapleton. In the tournament proper, his header set up Robbie Keane's late equaliser against Germany, which was the only goal Germany conceded before the final. In the second-round, with the Republic behind 1–0 to Spain, it was a foul on Quinn that led to Ireland's last-minute penalty, converted by Robbie Keane, which tied the game and brought extra-time, but the Republic lost 3–2 in the resulting penalty shootout.

After the tournament, he announced his retirement from international football, amassing 92 caps. At the time, he was his country's all-time top scorer with 21 goals; this record was later surpassed by Robbie Keane in October 2004.

Quinn had a testimonial match between Sunderland and the Republic of Ireland in 2002. He donated the entire proceeds to charity, an act for which he received a number of awards, including an honorary MBE. Instead of receiving an appearance fee for the game, all the players received a letter from a sick child. Quinn played for both teams during the match, which raised over £1 million. The Republic of Ireland won the match 3–0.[30]

Post-playing career[edit]

Quinn at Villa Park, 2008
Quinn and Patrick Vieira participate in a game of headers at 11 Downing Street, while schoolchildren from Gillespie Primary School look on, 2011

Quinn retired in 2003 at the age of 37, taking a brief coaching role at Sunderland. Quinn has also made appearances as a television pundit and commentator for televised matches involving his former teams with Sky Sports. He made a single league appearance for Thai Premier League side BEC Tero Sasana in March 2006 to promote the league and the side's link with Arsenal.[31]

Quinn released an acclaimed autobiography Niall Quinn – The Autobiography (2002), which was ghostwritten by Tom Humphries. It won the Best Autobiography category in the inaugural British Sports Book Awards.[32] It was also nominated for a William Hill Sports Book of the Year award.[33] The book is not structured chronologically, but rather in the context of Quinn's career swansong, the 2002 World Cup in South Korea and Japan.

Heading the Drumaville Consortium of wealthy Irish businessmen, in June 2006, Quinn successfully brokered a deal to buy a controlling stake in Sunderland.[34] In July 2006 Quinn became the chairman and manager of Sunderland.[35] The deal was finalised on 27 July 2006, with sufficient shares being sold to the consortium in order for them to take complete control.

His managerial career did not get off to a good start as the team lost its first four league games in a row. On 22 August, Sunderland played Bury away in the League Cup where they lost 2–0.[36] After the match Quinn said that a new manager would be appointed by Sunderland's next game. Quinn stepped to one side (to continue in his role as Sunderland chairman) paving the way for Roy Keane to take charge. This was highly unexpected considering the huge rift between the two arising from Keane's infamous ejection from the 2002 World Cup. Keane was appointed manager of the club on 28 August 2006. The appointment matured into a great success, with Sunderland clinching an immediate Premier League comeback as Football League Championship champions. Quinn made substantial amounts of money available for buying new players, as he had a declared ambition to establish Sunderland as a top club.[citation needed]

In 2008, he received the James Joyce Award of the Literary & Historical Society in University College Dublin.

In 2010, Quinn was named a patron of the Sir Bobby Robson Foundation.[37]

In October 2011 Ellis Short replaced Quinn as chairman of Sunderland. Quinn was appointed as Director of International Development on behalf of the club[38] and remained in this role until stepping down in February 2012 and after six years involved with the running of the club saying "Everything is in place for Sunderland to really make a statement, which was always my aim".[39]

Since leaving Sunderland, Quinn is now chairman of a satellite broadband company in Ireland called Q Sat.[40]

In 2012, Quinn started commentating for Sky Sports and normally commentates alongside Martin Tyler.[citation needed] He won, also in 2012, the North East Football Writers' Association's Personality of the Year for 2011.[41] In November 2013, Quinn was bestowed with the Freedom of Sunderland award by the city of Sunderland.[42]

In January 2020, Quinn was appointed as interim deputy chief executive officer of the Football Association of Ireland, choosing to go without salary until the financial future of the organisation could be secured.[43][44] In September 2020 he stepped down from his interim CEO role.[45]

Fan relationships[edit]

Quinn has his own song titled "Niall Quinn's Disco Pants". The song was originally created by Manchester City supporters during a night out on a pre-season tour in Penola, Italy, in 1992. There had been a bust-up with City team-mate Steve McMahon and Quinn had removed his torn and bloodied shirt and was dancing with Rick Holden wearing just a pair of cut-off jeans. He was "hardly aware" that there were a group of hardcore City fans watching and they treated him to "the first performance of the song that will follow me till the end of my career."[11]

The song was adopted by Sunderland fans and released as a single by the club's dedicated fanzine A Love Supreme. It reached no. 56 in the UK Singles Chart in April 1999.[46]

Quinn has received praise for his relationship with Sunderland fans. This was highlighted in March 2007 when, during his tenure as chairman, Quinn paid over £8000 to allow around 100 Sunderland fans to travel home by taxi when stranded at Bristol airport after being ejected from their scheduled flight home. The incident happened on Saturday night when Quinn, Sunderland staff and a group of supporters boarded an easyJet flight from Bristol to Newcastle, following Sunderland's 1–0 win at Championship promotion rivals Cardiff. After spotting Quinn, many of the fans broke into song, serenading Quinn with 'Niall Quinn's Disco Pants'. EasyJet staff, angered by the boisterous behaviour, ejected the fans from the plane and Quinn, outraged at the fans' treatment, also left the plane. Quinn, seeing there were no other flights available, decided to commandeer a fleet of taxis and minivans in order to return the fans home.[47]

Personal life[edit]

Both Quinn's parents are from Thurles, County Tipperary.[48] His father as well as his uncles on his mother's side played hurling for Tipperary.[48] He was born in Dublin.[1] He now lives in Kildare.[48] He has been married to the Irish model Gillian Roe since 1992,[49] and they have two children: Aisling and Michael.[50]

Career statistics[edit]

Club[edit]

Appearances and goals by club, season and competition
Club Season League National cup League cup Total
Division Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Arsenal 1983–84 First Division 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1984–85 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1985–86 12 1 3 0 2 0 17 1
1986–87 35 8 4 1 9 3 48 12
1987–88 11 2 2 0 3 0 16 2
1988–89 3 1 0 0 0 0 3 1
1989–90 6 2 1 1 2 1 9 4
Total 67 14 10 2 16 4 93 20
Manchester City 1989–90 First Division 9 4 0 0 0 0 9 4
1990–91 38 20 2 1 3 0 43 21
1991–92 35 12 1 0 3 2 39 14
1992–93 Premier League 39 9 5 1 3 0 47 10
1993–94 15 5 0 0 3 1 18 6
1994–95 35 8 4 0 6 2 45 10
1995–96 32 8 4 2 3 1 39 11
Total 193 66 16 4 21 6 240 76
Sunderland 1996–97 Premier League 12 2 0 0 1 1 13 3
1997–98 First Division 35 14 2 1 0 0 37 15
1998–99 39 18 2 0 5 3 46 21
1999–2000 Premier League 37 14 1 0 0 0 38 14
2000–01 34 7 3 1 0 0 37 8
2001–02 38 6 1 0 0 0 39 6
2002–03 8 0 0 0 0 0 8 0
Total 203 61 9 2 6 4 218 67
Career total 473 141 35 8 43 14 551 163

International[edit]

Scores and results list Ireland's goal tally first, score column indicates score after each Quinn goal.
List of international goals scored by Niall Quinn
No. Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1 10 November 1987 Dalymount Park, Dublin  Israel 5–0 Friendly
2 2 June 1990 National Stadium, Ta' Qali, Malta  Malta 3–0 Friendly
3 21 June 1990 Stadio Renzo Barbera, Palermo, Italy  Netherlands 1–1 1990 World Cup
4 17 October 1990 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Turkey 5–0 Euro 1992 qualifying
5 6 February 1991 Racecourse Ground, Wrexham, Wales  Wales 3–0 Friendly
6
7 27 March 1991 Wembley Stadium, London, England  England 1–1 Euro 1992 qualifier
8 29 April 1992 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  United States 4–1 Friendly
9 31 March 1993 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Northern Ireland 3–0 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
10 28 April 1993 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Denmark 1–1 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
11 12 October 1994 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Liechtenstein 4–0 UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying
12
13 29 March 1995 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Northern Ireland 1–1 UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying
14 2 June 1996 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Croatia 2–2 Friendly
15 31 August 1996 Sportpark Eschen-Mauren, Eschen, Liechtenstein  Liechtenstein 5–0 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification
16
17 14 October 1998 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Malta 5–0 UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying
18 9 June 1999 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Macedonia 1–0 UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying
19 9 October 1999 Philip II Arena, Skopje, Macedonia  Macedonia 1–1 UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying
20 4 June 2000 Giants Stadium, East Rutherford, South Africa  South Africa 2–1 U.S. Cup
21 6 October 2001 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Cyprus 4–0 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification

Managerial record[edit]

Team Nat From To Record
G W L D Win %
Sunderland England 25 July 2006 30 August 2006 6 1 5 0 16.67

Honours[edit]

Arsenal

Sunderland

Individual

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Niall Quinn". Barry Hugman's Footballers. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Niall Quinn: Overview". Premier League. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Niall Quinn to receive honorary MBE". Breaking News. 11 August 2003. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Niall Quinn". FAI.ie.
  5. ^ "Irish Topscorers". 11v11.com.
  6. ^ Niall Quinn
  7. ^ a b Clive White (14 December 1985). "Robson out as jinx hits United again". The Times.
  8. ^ James, Gary (2005). The Official Manchester City Hall of Fame. Hamlyn. pp. 108–9. ISBN 0-600-61282-1.
  9. ^ Irish Examiner – 2002/03/07: Quinn game for Gaelic Archived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Junior C victory Archived 9 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b Niall Quinn, The Autobiography (Headline Publishing, 2002), 182.
  12. ^ Brian Glanville (22 December 1985). "Without targets what are Gunners?". The Sunday Times.
  13. ^ a b "Niall Quinn". Arsenal FC. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  14. ^ "Footballsite - Arsenal results 1985/86". Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  15. ^ "Sport in brief: Quinn selected". The Times. 20 May 1986.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Arsenal's League Cup Finals: A history". Arsenal.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2016.
  18. ^ Dennis Signy (5 August 1987). "Graham happy as he keeps up pressure on the chosen". The Times.
  19. ^ Dennis Signy (2 August 1989). "Allen staying at Tottenham". The Times.
  20. ^ a b Penney, Ian (1995). The Maine Road Encyclopedia. Edinburgh: Mainstream. ISBN 1-85158-710-1.
  21. ^ Who has saved and scored a penalty in the same match?, The Guardian, 20 October 2004
  22. ^ "Manchester City v Manchester United, 07 November 1993". 11v11.com. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  23. ^ Quinn could lead exodus from Manchester City, New Straits Times, 2 September 1993. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  24. ^ Beet, Don (6 June 1995). "Sporting turn cool on Quinn". The Guardian. p. 21.
  25. ^ "Football photographic encyclopedia, footballer, world cup, champions league, football championship, olympic games & hero images by sporting-heroes.net".
  26. ^ Premier League 96/97 / Notts Forest vs Sunderland Archived 10 September 2012 at archive.today, Statbunker.com. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  27. ^ "Football: Quinn turns his talents to keeping clean". Independent. 22 October 2011. Archived from the original on 18 June 2022. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  28. ^ "Sinclair flattens Black Cats". BBC. 19 October 2002. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  29. ^ "'My first memory is being so gutted to miss out... Man City wouldn't let me play'". The 42. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  30. ^ "Niall Quinn". Biography. Beacon Fellowship. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012. The testimonial game, held at The Stadium of Light, Sunderland, raised more than £1 million
  31. ^ "Quinn to play for BEC Tero today". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  32. ^ "Previous Winners". Sports Book Awards. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  33. ^ Edworthy, Sarah (21 November 2002). "Autobiographies dominate shortlist". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  34. ^ Gordon Tynan (25 July 2006). "Football: Quinn set to take over as new Sunderland manager". Independent. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008.
  35. ^ Tynan, Gordon (25 July 2006). "Reluctant Quinn will step in to manage Sunderland". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 18 June 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  36. ^ James, Stuart (23 August 2006). "Shakers make Sunderland quake as Quinn prepares to step aside". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  37. ^ "Niall Quinn Becomes A Patron of the Sir Bobby Robson Foundation". Sir Bobby Robson Foundation. 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  38. ^ "New role for Niall Quinn as Ellis Short becomes Sunderland chairman". The Guardian. London. 3 October 2011.
  39. ^ "Niall Quinn quits Sunderland role after six years". BBC. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  40. ^ "Q Sat- Satellite Low Cost Broadband All Over Ireland". Archived from the original on 9 August 2011.
  41. ^ a b "FOOTBALL WRITERS PREPARE TO HONOUR NIALL QUINN". Football Writers.co.uk.
  42. ^ a b "Niall Quinn 'delighted' with freedom of Sunderland award". BBC News. 11 November 2013.
  43. ^ O'Donoghue, Tony (23 January 2020). "Niall Quinn appointed interim deputy CEO at FAI". RTÉ Sport. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  44. ^ Bennett, Stephen (23 January 2020). "'It's for a fraction of what the old gang were at' - Niall Quinn to defer salary as FAI's interim deputy CEO". Irish Independent. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  45. ^ "Niall Quinn steps down from FAI deputy interim CEO role". independent. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  46. ^ Gillan, Audrey (2 April 2007). "Fans thrown off plane over Niall Quinn's Disco Pants". theguardian.com. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  47. ^ "Quinn pays bill for stranded fans". BBC News. 2 April 2007.
  48. ^ a b c Bogue, Declan (4 September 2009). "What makes world beaters?". Gaelic Life.
  49. ^ Smith, Andrea (24 October 2010). "How Niall Quinn made his most vital match". Irish Independent. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  50. ^ F, M (7 December 2011). "Quinn family's heartbreak in Speed tragedy". Evening Herald. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
  51. ^ "Arsenal v Liverpool, 05 April 1987". 11v11.com. AFS Enterprises. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  52. ^ Rollin, Glenda; Rollin, Jack, eds. (1999). Rothmans Football Yearbook 1999–2000. London: Headline Publishing Group. pp. 32, 352–353. ISBN 978-0-7472-7627-2.
  53. ^ "Soccer Awards for Niall Quinn and Paul McGrath 1990". RTE.ie.
  54. ^ Hugman, Barry J., ed. (1999). The 1999–2000 Official PFA Footballers Factfile. Harpenden: Queen Anne Press. p. 352. ISBN 978-1-85291-607-7.
  55. ^ Beacon Prize Winners 2003 Archived 13 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 3 February 2012.

External links[edit]