Ninohe, Iwate

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Ninohe
二戸市
City
Ninohe City Hall
Ninohe City Hall
Flag of Ninohe
Flag
Official seal of Ninohe
Seal
Location of Ninohe in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Ninohe in Iwate Prefecture
Ninohe is located in Japan
Ninohe
Ninohe
 
Coordinates: 40°16′16.5″N 141°18′17.2″E / 40.271250°N 141.304778°E / 40.271250; 141.304778Coordinates: 40°16′16.5″N 141°18′17.2″E / 40.271250°N 141.304778°E / 40.271250; 141.304778
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Iwate
Area
 • Total 420.42 km2 (162.33 sq mi)
Population (February 28, 2017)
 • Total 27,947
 • Density 66.47/km2 (172.2/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Urushi
• Flower Yamazakura
• Bird Green pheasant
Phone number 0195-23-3111
Address 47 Fukuoka Kawamata, Ninohe-shi, Iwate-ken 028-6192
Website Official website
Skyline of Ninohe

Ninohe (二戸市?, Ninohe-shi) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 28 February 2017, the city had an estimated population of 27,947 and a population density of 66.47 persons per km2 in 11,865 households.[1] The total area of the city was 420.42 square kilometres (162.33 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Ninohe is located in far north-center Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Aomori Prefecture to the north. The northern end of the Kitakami Mountains, the 852.2 meter Mount Oritsume is in Ninohe. Approximately 70% of the city area is mountainous and forested. The upper reaches of the Mabechi River flows through the city. A portion of the city is within the borders of the Oritsume Basenkyō Prefectural Natural Park.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Ninohe has a cold oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) bordering on a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ninohe is 9.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1248 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.4 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Ninohe has steadily declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 38,289
1980 37,537
1990 35,017
2000 33,102
2010 29,818

History[edit]

The area of present-day Ninohe was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period. Many Jomon and Kofun period remains have been found. Inhabited by the Emishi tribes, the Nihon Shoki describes the penetration of the area by forces of the Yamato dynasty in the Nara period; however, it was not under effective control of the central government until the mid-Heian period. The area was dominated by the Nanbu clan from the early Muromachi period, and was named for one of the nine numbered stockades, or fortified ranches, that established to secure this frontier area. During the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, the area was under the control of Morioka Domain.

In the early Meiji period, the town of Fukuoka and the villages of Jōbōji, Kindaichi, Gohenchi, Tomai, Ishikiridokoro, and Nisattai were established within Ninohe District on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Jōbōji was elevated to town status on December 25, 1940. Gohenchi, Tomai, Ishikiridokoro, and Nisattai merged with Fukuoka on March 10, 1955. The modern city was founded on April 1, 1972 with the merger of the town of Fukuoka with the village of Kindaichi. On January 1, 2006, the city of Ninohe annexed the town of Jōbōji.

Government[edit]

Ninohe has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members.

Economy[edit]

The local economy of Ninohe is based on agriculture and food processing. Local produce include apples, dairy products and hops.

Education[edit]

Ninohe has eight public elementary schools and four middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education. There is also a prefectural vocational school, and a special education school operated by the prefectural government.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Noted people from Ninohe[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Ninohe, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons