Nitra Region

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Nitra Region
Nitriansky kraj
Hontvarsány-Siklósról.jpg
Flag of Nitra Region
Coat of arms of Nitra Region
Nitra Region
Nitra Region
Country Slovakia
CapitalNitra
Government
 • BodyCounty Council of Nitra region
 • GovernorMilan Belica (Smer-SD)
Area
 • Total6,343.94 km2 (2,449.41 sq mi)
Highest elevation
943 m (3,094 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total689,867
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSK-NI
Websitewww.unsk.sk

The Nitra Region (Slovak: Nitriansky kraj, pronounced [ˈɲitrɪɐnski ˈkraj]; Hungarian: Nyitrai kerület) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia. It was first established in 1923 and from 1996 exists in its present borders. It consists of seven districts (Slovak: okres) and 354 municipalities, from which 16 have a town status. The economy of the region focuses more on agriculture, than in other Slovak regions. Nitra is its seat, largest city, and cultural and economic center.

Geography[edit]

This region with a long history is situated in the southwest of Slovakia, mostly in the eastern part of the Danubian Lowland. It is divided into two sub-units: the Danubian Flat in the south-west, with eastern part of the Žitný ostrov island, and the Danubian Hills in the north, centre and east. Mountain ranges reaching into the region are: Považský Inovec in the north-west, where the region's highest point, Veľký Inovec, is located, Tribeč in the north from Nitra, Pohronský Inovec in the north-east and Štiavnické vrchy in the east. Major rivers are the Danube in the south, Váh in the south-west, Nitra in the western-central part, Hron in the east and Ipeľ in the south-east. As for administrative divisions, the region borders Trenčín Region in the north, Banská Bystrica Region in the east, Hungarian Pest in the south-east, Komárom-Esztergom in the south, and Győr-Moson-Sopron county in the south-west and Trnava Region in the west.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1980708,634—    
1991716,846+1.2%
2001713,422−0.5%
2011689,867−3.3%
2021677,900−1.7%
Source:[1]

The population density in the region is 106/km2 (270/sq mi) (2020-06-30/-07-01),[2] which is very similar to the country's average (110 per km2). The largest towns are Nitra, Komárno, Nové Zámky and Levice. According to the 2001 census, there were 713,422 inhabitants in the region, with a majority of Slovaks (68.3%), but there is a numerous Hungarian minority (27.6%) in the southern districts, forming a majority in the Komárno District (72%) and there are small minorities of Czechs and Roma (<1%).[3]

Economy and climate[edit]

The city of Nitra is also the centre of whole region. The region - which is the warmest in Slovakia - reaches a high production of wheat, rye and vegetables. Significant industries are: the food industry, with breweries in Topoľčany, Nitra and Hurbanovo, are machinery (fridges in Zlaté Moravce, shipyards in Komárno) and energy (Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant).

Politics[edit]

Current governor of Banská Bystrica region is Milan Belica (Smer-SD). He won with 34,1 %. In election 2017 was elected also regional parliament :

County Council of Nitra region
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesCounty Council
Leadership
Governor
Vice governors
Marián Kéry, Smer-SD
Tibor Csenger, Aliancia/Szövetség
Igor Éder, Hlas-SD
Structure
Seats54 councilors
Nitra region.svg
Political groups
Administration (34)
  •   Smer-SD, SNS (13)
  •   Aliancia/Szövetség (13)
  •   Hlas-SD (8)

Other parties (20)

Elections
Last election
4 November 2017
Meeting place
Nitra
Website
Council of Nitra region

Administrative division[edit]

The Nitra Region consists of 7 districts. There are 350 municipalities, of which 16 are towns.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SLOVAKIA: Regions and Major Cities". Citypopulation. Retrieved 22 January 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Statistic of Slovak places by Dušan Kreheľ – Export". Retrieved 2021-07-05.
  3. ^ POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2001 - Tab. 3a
  4. ^ SaS, OKS, OĽaNO, NOVA, Christian Democratic Movement, ZZ, Šanca

External links[edit]