Omnibus Counterterrorism Act of 1995

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The Omnibus Counterterrorism Act of 1995, or US Senate bills S.390 and S.761.[1] were two bills introduced by Senator Joe Biden and Senator Tom Daschle on behalf of the Clinton Administration on February 10, 1995.[2][3] The bill was co sponsored by Senators Alfonse D'Amato, Dianne Feinstein, Bob Kerrey, Herb Kohl, Jon Kyl, Barbara A. Mikulski and Arlen Specter.[4] Representative Chuck Schumer sponsored the bill (H.R. 896) in the US House of Representatives.[3][5] Both bills were never put to a vote, although a significantly altered version of the House bill became law as the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996.[6][7] Joe Biden has said that the 2001 USAPATRIOT Act is essentially a duplicate of his 1995 bill.[8]

Following closely on the heels of the Oklahoma City Bombing and Executive Order 12947, prohibiting transactions with terrorists, President Clinton described the bill as a "comprehensive effort to strengthen the ability of the United States to deter terrorist acts and punish those who aid or abet any international terrorist activity in the United States" and requested "the prompt and favorable consideration of this legislative proposal by the Congress".[9]

It contained the following seven provisions:[10]

Title I: Substantive Criminal Law Enhancements

Title II: Immigration Law Improvements

Title III: Controls Over Terrorist Fund-Raising

Title IV: Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives

Title V: Nuclear Materials

Title VI: Procedural and Technical Corrections and Improvements

Title VII: Antiterrorism Assistance

According to the summary by President Clinton, the bill was intended to establish federal criminal jurisdiction over acts of international terrorism.[9] Civil liberty advocacy groups opposed the bill on the grounds that it would violate fundamental civil liberties, including the right to confront one's accuser.[3] Another source of opposition was the government's ability to use evidence from secret sources in deportation proceedings for suspected terrorists.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d104:S.390:
  2. ^ http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d104:SN00390:@@@K Bill Summary & Status 104th Congress (1995 - 1996) S.390
  3. ^ a b c d https://www.nytimes.com/1995/04/21/us/terror-oklahoma-congress-anti-terrorism-bill-blast-turns-snail-into-race-horse.html TERROR IN OKLAHOMA: IN CONGRESS; Anti-Terrorism Bill: Blast Turns a Snail Into a Race Horse, NEIL A. LEWIS, NY Times, April 21, 1995
  4. ^ http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d104:SN00390:@@@P S.390 Cosponsors
  5. ^ Hyde, Henry (1996-03-14). "H.R.1710 - 104th Congress (1995-1996): Comprehensive Antiterrorism Act of 1995". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
  6. ^ Biden, Joseph (1995-05-05). "Actions - S.390 - 104th Congress (1995-1996): Omnibus Counterterrorism Act of 1995". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
  7. ^ Dole, Robert (1996-04-24). "S.735 - 104th Congress (1995-1996): Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
  8. ^ Crowley, Michael (2001-10-22). "Rhetorical Question". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
  9. ^ a b https://fas.org/irp/congress/1995_cr/h950209-terror.htm Congressional Record
  10. ^ http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d104:SN00390:@@@L&summ2=m&#summary Summary