Ozark National Scenic Riverways
|Ozark National Scenic Riverways|
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
|Location||Shannon, Carter, Dent, and Texas Counties, Missouri|
|Nearest city||Salem, Van Buren, and Eminence|
|Area||80,000 acres (324 km2)|
|Visitors||1,789,783 (in 2007)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Website||Ozark National Scenic Riverways|
The park was created by an Act of Congress in 1964 to protect the Current and Jacks Fork rivers, and it was formally dedicated in 1971. The park's 80,000 acres (324 km2) are used for many forms of recreation and are home to abundant animal and plant species. 1.3 million recreational visits are estimated annually. Canoeing is one of the most popular activities. Kayaking and inflatable rafts and tubes add to the volume of river floaters. Motorized boating with jonboats is also a popular activity of locals and nearby Missourians. Other activities include horseback riding, hunting, hiking, fishing, camping, birdwatching, nature photography, and sightseeing.
The park service promotes the Current River as one of the midwest's best float streams, in part due to the contributions of some of the nation's largest springs. The headwaters of the Current River begin at the confluence of Pigeon Creek and Montauk Springs in Montauk State Park. Other notable springs along its course include Welch Spring, Cave Spring, Pulltite Spring, Round Spring, Fire Hydrant Spring, Ebb and Flow Spring, Blue Spring, Big Spring, and Gravel Spring. The park contains the United States' largest concentration of first magnitude springs (which are defined as having average flow of more than 100 cu ft/s (2.8 m3/s)) in dolomite rock. The only comparable spring collections are the limestone springs of North Florida near Gainesville and the igneous-based springs of Idaho's Snake River.
The park has resident feral horses and elk have been reintroduced on state lands nearby and are expected to eventually populate the park.
Facilities include campgrounds along the two rivers at Alley Spring, Round Spring, Pulltite, Two Rivers and Big Spring. There are also a number of less developed primitive campsites, and there are group sites at Akers, Round Spring, Alley and Pulltite. Park rangers present campfire programs and nature hikes at the bigger campgrounds during the summer. There are also traditional craft demonstrations and free bluegrass concerts.
The park is located mostly in Shannon County with parts extending into Carter, Dent, and Texas counties. Communities surrounding the Ozark National Scenic Riverways include Eminence, Licking, Salem, Van Buren, Ellington, Bunker, and Mountain View, Missouri. Administrative offices are located in Van Buren. The Big Spring Historic District in Carter County was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.
Sarvis (2002, 2000) traces the controversy over the creation of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways (ONSR) in southeastern Missouri. Boasting clear rivers and spectacular landscape, the area saw a political contest for control of river recreational development between two federal agencies, the National Park Service (NPS) and the Forest Service. Local residents opposed NPS plans that included eminent domain acquisition of private property. Both agencies presented rival bills in Congress, and in 1964 the NPS plan was selected by Congress. In the long run the NPS has successfully accommodated and supervised OSNR recreation for two million visitors a year. By contrast, the Forest Service's nearby recreational activities have handled no more than 16,000 visitors yearly.
America the Beautiful Coin Series
- Geologic Map of the Jam Up Cave and Pine Crest Quadrangles, Shannon, Texas, and Howell Counties, Missouri United States Geological Survey
- Milton F. Perry and Jill M. York (June 1980). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Big Spring Historic District" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Will Sarvis, "A Difficult Legacy: Creation of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways," Public Historian, Winter 2002, Vol. 24 Issue 1, pp 31-52; and, "Old Eminent Domain and New Scenic Easements: Land Acquisition for the Ozark National Scenic Riverways," Western Legal History, 13:1 (Winter / Spring 2000): 1-37.
-  America the Beautiful Quarter Series Accessed October 14, 2010
& O.E. Meinzer. "The Large Springs of the United States" (USGS, 1927).
- "Old Eminent Domain and New Scenic Easements: Land Acquisition for the Ozark National Scenic Riverways," Western Legal History 13:1 (Winter / Spring 2000): 1-37.
- Official National Park Service homepage for Ozark National Scenic Riverways
- For more history of the area Ozark History & Culture page.