Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve

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Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve
Reserva Nacional Pacaya-Samiria
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
Pacaya Samiria Marañon River (66217327).jpeg
River at Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve.
Map showing the location of Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve
Map showing the location of Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve
LocationLoreto, Peru
Nearest cityNauta
Area20,800 km2 (8,000 sq mi)
Established4 February 1982
Official nameReserva Nacional Pacaya-Samiria
Designated30 March 1992
Reference no.546[1]

Pacaya–Samiria National Reserve, is a protected area located in the region of Loreto, Peru and spans an area of 20,800 km2 (8,000 sq mi).[2] It protects an area of low hills and seasonally flooded forest in the Amazon rainforest.[2]

Climate[edit]

The annual mean temperature ranges between 20 and 33°C, while the annual mean precipitation ranges between 2000 and 3000 mm.[2] It is advisable to visit the reserve between May and January.[2] The climograph shown here corresponds to the nearby town of Nauta (93 m of elevation).[3]

Nauta
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate-Data.org

Ecology[edit]

Flora[edit]

Some of the native plant species present in the reserve are: Spondias mombin, Quararibea cordata, Mauritia flexuosa, Parinari excelsa, Cedrela odorata, Ocotea spp., Myrciaria dubia, Socratea exorrhiza, Calathea allouia, Solanum sessiliflorum, Hevea guianensis, Pouteria caimito, Clidemia hirta, Ficus maxima, Heliconia psittacorum, Inga spp., Psychotria poeppigiana, Alibertia edulis, Victoria amazonica, Ceiba pentandra, Phytelephas macrocarpa, Clusia spp., Swietenia macrophylla, Asclepias curassavica, Pachira aquatica, etc.[4]

Fauna[edit]

Mammal species found in the reserve include: the Amazonian manatee, the red-faced spider monkey, the South American tapir, the Bolivian squirrel, the Amazon river dolphin, the puma, the giant otter, the white-lipped peccary, the jaguar, the red brocket, the tucuxi, the South American coati, the capybara, etc.[2][5]

Some species of fish found in the reserve are: Arapaima gigas, Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum, Phractocephalus hemiliopterus, Colossoma macropomum, Osteoglossum bicirrhosum, Potamotrygon motoro, Brycon melanopterus, Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma, Plagioscion squamosissimus, Prochilodus nigricans, etc.[2]

Birds found in the reserve include: the Spix's guan, the black-bellied whistling duck, the king vulture, the crimson-crested woodpecker, the harpy eagle, the blue-and-yellow macaw, the scarlet macaw, the black-throated mango, the horned screamer, the cobalt-winged parakeet, the swallow-tailed hummingbird, etc.[5]

Anthropology[edit]

Native peoples still inhabit the reserve, as well as more recent settlers.[2]

Recreation[edit]

The reserve has 15 authorized campsites distributed in 8 areas open for tourism; as well as 5 wilderness huts.[2] Moreover, there are 19 park ranger stations (4 of them with information stands) and 21 neighborhood watch stations.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reserva Nacional Pacaya-Samiria". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pacaya Samiria - Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado". www.sernanp.gob.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  3. ^ "Nauta climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Nauta weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  4. ^ "Flora de la Reserva Nacional Pacaya-Samiria". www.jbmperu.org. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
  5. ^ a b Soini, Pekka; Sicchar, Luis; Gil, Grocio; Fachín, Augusto; Pezo, Roberto; Chumbe, Milton (1996). Una evaluación de la fauna silvestre y su aprovechamiento en la Reserva Nacional Pacaya-Samiria (in Spanish). IIAP. pp. 37–55.

Coordinates: 5°15′S 74°40′W / 5.250°S 74.667°W / -5.250; -74.667