Parga

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Parga
Πάργα
View of Parga
View of Parga
Parga is located in Greece
Parga
Parga
Coordinates: 39°17′N 20°24′E / 39.283°N 20.400°E / 39.283; 20.400Coordinates: 39°17′N 20°24′E / 39.283°N 20.400°E / 39.283; 20.400
Country Greece
Administrative region Epirus
Regional unit Preveza
Government
 • Mayor Athanassios Liolios (since January 1, 2011)
Area
 • Municipality 276.5 km2 (106.8 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Highest elevation 910 m (2,990 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality 11,866
 • Municipality density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit 3,904
Community
 • Population 2415
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 480 60
Area code(s) 26840
Vehicle registration ΡΖx
Website parga.gr

Parga (Greek: Πάργα [ˈpaɾɣa]) is a town and municipality located in the northwestern part of the regional unit of Preveza in Epirus, northwestern Greece. The seat of the municipality is the village Kanallaki.[2] Parga lies on the Ionian coast between the cities of Preveza and Igoumenitsa. It is a resort town known for its scenic beauty.

Municipality[edit]

The present municipality Parga was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

History[edit]

View of the seafront

In antiquity the area was inhabited the Greek tribe of the Thesprotians. The ancient town Toryne was probably located here.[3] The village of Parga stands from the early 13th century. It was originally built on top of the mountain "Pezovolo". In 1360 the Pargians in order to avoid the attacks of the Magrebins transferred the village to its present location. During that period, with the help of the Normans who held the island of Corfu, the fortress of Parga was built. In 1401 a treaty was signed with the Venetians, and the rule of Ionian Islands passed to them. The Venetians respected the lifestyle of Pargians who provided in turn, invaluable assistance to the fleet of the Venetians. At the same time Pargians fought by the side of their compatriots to throw off Ottoman rule. As Parga was the only free Christian village of Epirus, it was a perfect refuge for persecuted fighters and their families. In 1797 the area, along with the Ionian Islands and Parga, fell into the hands of the French, and in 1800 proclaimed free city status with broad authority under the protection of the Sublime Porte. In 1815, with the fortunes of the French failing, the citizens of Parga revolted against French rule and sought the protection of the British.

In 1817, following a treaty between Britain and the Ottoman Empire, the British granted Parga to the Ottomans. This resulted in the Good Friday of 1819 where 4,000 Pargians having with them the ashes of the bones of their ancestors, their sacred images, flags and a handful of soil from their homeland, exiled themselves in the British protecturate of Corfu where they settled. The former citizens of Parga never ceased to dream of returning to a free country and to participate actively in the struggle for liberation. But they had to wait almost 100 years for this. Parga and the rest of Epirus was liberated from the Ottoman rule on 1913 following the victory of Greece in the Balkan Wars.[4]

Castle of Parga[edit]

Depiction of the castle from a painting by Francesco Hayez (1791–1882).

The Castle is found on the top of a hill overlooking the town and was used to protect the town from the mainland and the sea. It was initially built in the 11th century by the residents of Parga to protect their town from the pirates and the Turks. In the 13th century, as their control of the region increased, the Venetians rebuilt the castle to fortify the area. In 1452, Parga and the castle was occupied by the Ottomans for two years during which time part of the castle was demolished.. 1537, Ottoman admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa burnt and destroyed the fortress and the houses within.

Before the reconstruction of the castle in 1572 by Venetians, the Turkish demolished it once again. The Venetians rebuilt for third and last time a perfect strong fortress that stayed impregnable until 1819, despite the attacks especially of Ali Pasha of Ioannina, who besieges them from the castle of Agia-Anthousa. Venetians created a perfect defence plan, which in combination with the natural fortification made the fortress. Outside the castle, eight towers placed in different positions completed the defence. Inside the narrow space of citadel there were 400 houses, located in a way so that they occupied only a little room, far away from the seaside. On this castle the free-besieged population of Parga and Souli fought epic battles and kept their freedom for centuries. From the faucet “Kremasma” the tanks of the castle and the houses were provided with water. The castle for its provision used the two bays: of Valtos and Pogonia. When Parga was sold to the Ottomans, Ali Pasha enhanced it even more and put on its top its harem and its Turkish bath, improving radically the rooms of the castle. On the arched gate of entrance, on the wall, you can see the winged lion of Agios Markos, the name “ANTONIO BERVASS 1764”, emblems of Ali Pasha, two-headed eagles and relative inscriptions. Archways, gun emplacement rooms, supplies lodges, strong bastions with gun safe boxes, safe boxes of small arms, secret passage to the sea, barracks, jails, warehouses and two block-houses at the last defense line: prove the perfection of the defense plan, which along with the natural fortification made the fortress unconquered.[5]

Geography[edit]

The island of Panagia off the coast of Parga.

City amphitheatrically built, Parga is a picturesque resort situated between the coastal region of Preveza and Igoumenitsa and combines uniquely mountain and sea. One of the most picturesque and cosmopolitan places in northwestern Greece, the “Bride of Epirus”, the beautiful Parga challenges you to experience up close its long history, its diverse natural beauty and hospitality of its inhabitants. Parga is at a distance of 65 km. from the airport of Aktion – Preveza and the summer months is connected with the surrounding islands (Paxos – Antipaxos – Corfu).[6]

Beaches[edit]

Parga attracts thousands of tourists every summer due to natural attractions such as beaches. The most popular beaches are: Valtos, Kryoneri, Piso Kryoneri, Lichnos, Sarakiniko and Ai Giannaki.[7]

Lichnos Beach[edit]

Parga Lichnos beach

Lichnos Beach is one of the beaches of Parga and is located in a green and verdant landscape. It is at a distance of 4 km. away from Parga. It is surrounded by the olive groves of Parga. [8]

Krioneri Beach[edit]

Krioneri Beach is the main beach of Parga and is located within the bounds of the community in short distance away from centre and quay. Across the bay is the small island of Virgin Mary, which can be accessed by swimming or by sea bike.[9]

Valtos Beach[edit]

Panoramic view of Valtos beach

Valtos Beach is one of the longest beaches of Parga with a coastline that approaches (3 km) km. It is located just under the castle of Parga. Because of its clear and calm waters and its distance from Parga it attracts many tourists. It is covered by sand and pebbles, is quite safe as it is surrounded by the bay of the castle of Parga, and by the bay of Vlacherna, whereas the length of coastline allows the natural renewal of the water without the strong streams. [10]

Transport[edit]

Traditional houses

The town of Parga is linked with direct suburban buses (KTEL) to other Greek cities and towns such Igoumenitsa[11] and Preveza.[12] There are also non-direct connections to and from Athens, Thessaloniki and Ioannina[12] although during July and August there is a daily direct bus connection to Ioannina.[13]

The closest airports to Parga are located at Aktio (65 km) with seasonal direct flights to and from Athens and Thessaloniki and other domestic destinations and is also served by charter flights from abroad, at Ioannina (105 km) with regular flights to and from Athens, and at Corfu (46 km + car-ferry from Igoumenitsa) with regular flights to and from Athens, Thessaloniki, European destinations and the Ioanian Islands. In the summer, the Preveza airport has direct flights to London and Manchester as well as several German and Italian airports.

Parga is located at a distance of (10 km) from the national road Tabliczka E55.svg and (34 km) from national motorway Tabliczka E90.svg.

Entertainment and activities[edit]

Parga and the surrounding areas have many restaurants and seaside taverns serving fresh fish. The entertainment in Parga includes walks and tours, water sports (diving, water skiing, fishing and wind surfing).[14]

Municipal districts[edit]

  • Agia (Agia, Sarakiniko)
  • Anthousa (Anthousa, Trikorfo)
  • Livadari (Livadari, Vryses)
  • Parga (Parga, Agia Kyriaki, Agios Georgios, Maras, Chrysogiali)

Historical population[edit]

Year Town Municipal unit Municipality
1981 1,892 - -
1991 1,699 3,569 -
2001 2,432 4,033 -
2011 2,415 3,904 11,866

See also[edit]

People from Parga[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (in Greek). 
  2. ^ a b "Kallikratis law" (PDF) (in Greek). Greece Ministry of Interior. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  3. ^  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Toryne". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ [2][dead link]
  6. ^ [3][dead link]
  7. ^ [4][dead link]
  8. ^ [5][dead link]
  9. ^ [6][dead link]
  10. ^ [7][dead link]
  11. ^ "Αρχική Σελίδα". Ktel-thesprotias.gr. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  12. ^ a b "ΚΤΕΛ ΝΟΜΟΥ ΠΡΕΒΕΖΑΣ Α.Ε. :: Καλώς ήλθατε". Ktelprevezas.gr. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  13. ^ "йтек иыаммимым а.е". Ktelioannina.gr. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  14. ^ [8][dead link]