Piva (tribe)

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Piva (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Пива; pronounced [pîʋa]) is a historical region in Montenegro, which existed as a tribe also known as Pivljani (Пивљани, pronounced [pîʋʎaːni]). It is situated in the northwestern highlands of Montenegro, bordering the Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina). The Piva river flows through the region. Regional center is the town of Plužine.

History[edit]

Ottoman period[edit]

Piva was a nahiya of the Ottoman Empire, mentioned in the 1476–78 defter.[1] It was earlier mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (ca. 1300–10[2]) as one of ten counties in the province of Podgorje,[3] and in the St. Stephen Chrysobull of Serbian king Stefan Milutin (r. 1282–1321).[4] It was part of Sanjak of Herzegovina during Ottoman rule.

The Serbian Orthodox Piva Monastery has been standing in Piva since the 16th century. It has produced four Patriarchs of the Serbian Orthodox Church.

Modern[edit]

Under Prince Nicholas I of Montenegro and the Congress of Berlin recognition, in 1878 the Piva together with the Serb Herzegovinian tribes of Banjani, Nikšići, Šaranci, Drobnjaci and a large number of the Rudinjani formed the Old Herzegovina region of the new Montenegrin state.[5][page needed]

During the Second World War, people of the region fought in both the Serbian royalist Chetnik and communist Partisan resistance movements, which fought against each other.

The tribe has since the arrest of Radovan Karadžić, the wartime Bosnian Serb president and member of the neighbourly Drobnjak tribe of Petnjica (from which also the Serbian language reformer Vuk Karadžić descends), petitioned for Tadić's excommunication from the tribe because of Karadžić's arrest. The arrest is seen as directly bad behavior against the Serbian people and from the Piva against the Drobnjak tribe, who had never before had any problems, and it is because of this Tadić's actions have been condemned.[6]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blagojević 1971, pp. 609–610.
  2. ^ Živković, T.; Kunčer, D. (2009), Gesta regum Sclavorum, I–II, Београд, pp. 362–365 
  3. ^ Blagojević 1971, p. 11.
  4. ^ Blagojević 1971, p. 377.
  5. ^ Ivo Banac (2 February 1988). The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9493-1. 
  6. ^ http://www.glas-javnosti.rs/clanak/svet/glas-javnosti-28-07-2008/dan-pivljani-hoce-da-se-odreknu-borisa-tadica.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]