List of heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Trinidad and Tobago
This is a list of the heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago, from the independence of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962 to the present day.
From 1962 to 1976 the head of state under the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 was the Queen of Trinidad and Tobago, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Trinidad and Tobago by a Governor-General. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic under the Constitution of 1976 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.
The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.
|Portrait||Reign||Royal House||Prime Minister|
|Reign start||Reign end|
|1||Queen Elizabeth II
|31 August 1962||1 August 1976||Windsor||Williams|
The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Trinidad and Tobago and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Trinidad and Tobago without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.
|Took office||Left office|
|1||Sir Solomon Hochoy
|31 August 1962||15 September 1972||Elizabeth II||Williams|
|2||Sir Ellis Clarke
|15 September 1972||1 August 1976||Elizabeth II||Williams|
President of Trinidad and Tobago
Under the 1976 Constitution, the constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the President replaced the Monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of the Senate served as Acting President.
(at time of appointment)
|Took office||Left office|
|1||Sir Ellis Clarke
|1 August 1976||28 January 1977||–||People's National Movement||Williams
|28 January 1977||13 March 1987|
|–||Michael J. Williams
|13 March 1987||18 March 1987||–||National Alliance for Reconstruction||Robinson|
|18 March 1987||17 March 1997||–||Independent||Robinson
|3||A. N. R. Robinson
|17 March 1997||18 March 2003||–||National Alliance for Reconstruction||Panday
|4||George Maxwell Richards
|18 March 2003||18 March 2013||–||People's National Movement||Manning
|18 March 2013||–||Independent||Persad-Bissessar
Living former heads of state
There are two living former Trinidadian Heads of State:
|Image||Name||Term/Reign||Office||Date of birth|
|Elizabeth II||1962–1976||Queen of Trinidad and Tobabgo||21 April 1926|
|George Maxwell Richards||2003–2013||President of Triniad and Tobago||1 December 1931|
|Michael J. Williams||1987||Acting President||16 October 1929|