Principality of Fürstenberg
|County (Principality) of Fürstenberg|
|Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Fürstenberg|
|State of the Holy Roman Empire|
Fürstenberg territories in 1806
|Historical era||Middle Ages
Early modern period
|•||Egino IV of Urach inherited Zähringen||1218|
|•||Partitioned into Fürstenberg and Wolfach||1408|
Fürstenberg was a county (German: Grafschaft), and later a principality (Fürstentum), of the Holy Roman Empire in Swabia, which was located in present-day southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Its ruling family was the House of Fürstenberg.
The county emerged when Egino IV, Count of Urach by marriage, inherited large parts of the Duchy of Zähringen upon the death of Duke Berthold V in 1218, and it was originally called the county of Freiburg. Egino's grandson, Count Henry, started naming himself after his residence at Fürstenberg Castle around 1250.
Over the centuries, the various rulers expanded their territories to include the Landgraviate of Baar, the Lordships of Gundelfingen, Hausen, Heiligenberg, Höwen, and Meßkirch, and the Landgraviate of Stühlingen in Germany, as well as domains around Křivoklát Castle (German: Pürglitz), Bohemia, Tavíkovice (German: Taikowitz) in Moravia and Weitra in Austria.
In 1667, Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg was raised to a principality and received a vote at the Reichstag. In 1744, various Fürstenberg territories were reunified to the Principality of Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg, as all lines except one had become extinct.
As of 1789, the territory consisted of five larger, isolated parts as well as several smaller exclaves. The five larger parts were:
- Around Donaueschingen, including the Landgraviate of Baar and the Lordship of Höwen as well as Fürstenberg Castle. Cities include Donaueschingen, Hüfingen, Engen, Neustadt. Bordered by Austria, Württemberg, the Abbacy of St. Blaise and others. Given to Baden.
- The Lordship of Hausen. Cities: Hausach, Wolfach, Haslach. Bordered by: Bishopric of Strasbourg, Württemberg, Austria, Hohengeroldseck, Imperial City of Zell, Imperial Valley of Harmersbach. Given to Baden.
- The Landgraviate of Stühlingen. Cities: Stühlingen. Bordered by: Abbacy of St. Blaise, Switzerland, Landgraviate of Klettgau. Given to Baden.
- Around Meßkirch. Cities: Meßkirch. Bordered by: Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Abbacy of Zwiefalten, Austria, Abbacy of Buchau, and others. Given to Baden and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
- County of Heiligenberg. Bordered by: Königsegg, Abbacy of Weingarten, Austria, Lake Constance, Bishopric of Constance, Abbacy of Salmannsweiler, Imperial City of Überlingen, Imperial City of Pfullendorf, and others. Given to Baden.
As of 1806, Fürstenberg had an area of 20,000 km2 and a population of 100,000. Its capital was Donaueschingen.
Counts of Fürstenberg (1250–1408)
- Henry I, Count of Fürstenberg, 1250–1284
- Frederick I, Count of Fürstenberg, 1284–1296
- Henry II, Count of Fürstenberg, 1296–1337
- Henry VI, Count of Fürstenberg, 1365–1408
Partitions of Fürstenberg
- County of Fürstenberg (1250–1408)
- County of Dillingen (1284–1386)
- County of Fürstenberg-Wolfach (1408–1490)
- County of Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg (1408–1441, 1704–1716), then Principality of Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg (1716–1804)
- County of Fürstenberg-Geisingen (1441–1483)
- County of Fürstenberg-Baar (1441–1559)
- County of Fürstenberg-Möhringen (1599–1641)
- County of Fürstenberg-Blumberg (1559–1614)
- County of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg (1559–1664), then Principality of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg (1664–1716)
- County of Fürstenberg-Donaueschingen (1617–1698)
- Principality of Fürstenberg-Pürglitz (1762–1806)
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (May 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Where were the Fürstenberg territories? Map of the German Southwest in 1789
- Köbler, Gerhard (2007). Historisches Lexikon der deutschen Länder (7th ed.). Munich. Fürstenberg article.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Fürstenberg". Encyclopedia Americana.