Free Software Foundation Europe

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Free Software Foundation Europe
Free Software Foundation Europe, logo.svg
AbbreviationFSFE
MottoFree Software, Free Society
Formation10 March 2001 (18 years ago) (2001-03-10)
TypeCharitable organization
HeadquartersHamburg, Germany[1]
Region served
Europe
President
Matthias Kirschner
Vice-President
Heiki Lõhmus
Founding-President
Georg Greve
Main organ
Core Team
AffiliationsFSF* network
Budget
c. €600,000
Websitefsfe.org
Formerly called
FSF Europe

The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) was founded in 2001 to support all aspects of the free software movement in Europe. FSFE is a charitable registered association (eingetragener Verein) under German law, and has registered 'chapters' in several European countries.[2] It is an official European sister organization of the US-based Free Software Foundation (FSF).[3] FSF and FSFE are financially and legally separate entities.

FSFE believes that access to and control of software determines who may participate in a digital society. Therefore, the freedoms to use, copy, modify and redistribute software, as described in The Free Software Definition, are necessary for equal participation in the Information Age.[4]

Goals[edit]

The focus of FSFE's work is political, legal, and social with the aim of promoting free software and the ethical, philosophical, social, political and commercial values that it implements.[5] In particular, it

  • is actively promoting free software politically as Europe-based global competence center in dialog with politicians and press.
  • follows and seeks to influence legal and political activities that are contrary to the goals and values of Free Software.
  • provides a contact point and orientational help on all issues regarding Free Software.
  • works closely together with lawyers active in the Free Software area in universities and practices in order to follow and influence the legal discourse. Also it cooperates with lawyers throughout Europe to maximize the legal security of Free Software.
  • supports, coordinates and develops projects in the Free Software area, especially the GNU Project. It also provides computer resources to Free Software developers to enable them to continue their developments.
  • helps companies to develop business models based on Free Software or fit existing models to it; it encourages companies in their evolution to Free Software. To make it easier for companies based on Free Software to be commercially successful, the FSF Europe also seeks to broaden the market for Free Software.
  • helps coordinating and networking other initiatives in the Free Software area.

Example projects[edit]

Official "Public Money? Public Code" campaign video
FSFE representatives at the OpenRheinRuhr, Bottrop (Germany)

"Public Money? Public Code!" campaign

In September 2017, FSFE launched the "Public Money? Public Code!" campaign by publishing an open letter signed by other organizations and calling for European and national Members of Parliament to “Implement legislation requiring that publicly financed software developed for the public sector be made publicly available under a Free and Open Source Software license”.[6][7][8] Among the 150 signing organizations (as of July 2018), the campaign is supported by digital rights NGOs like Creative Commons[9], Open Source Initiative[10], Electronic Frontier Foundation[11], EDRi[12], April[13], Chaos Computer Club[14], and national chapters of Wikimedia (Germany[15], Czech Republic, France and Italy[8] as well as organizations responsible for the development and maintenance of Free and Open Source Software like OpenSUSE,[16] Fedora, Tor, Debian and Videolan[8]. The campaign was publicly endorsed by more than 18 000 individuals (as of July 2018) including public figures such as Edward Snowden[17][18], Francesca Bria (CTO of the city of Barcelona)[19] as well as public administrations like the City of Barcelona[8].

Software patents in Europe
According to the FSFE, software patents for Europe are currently being pushed forward actively by a lobby gathering around the European patent office and the Business Software Alliance (BSA), which represents the interests of the largest US companies. Software patents are considered by the FSFE to be a menace to society and economy and FSF Europe is actively involved in the resistance to such plans.[20]
European Union v. Microsoft
In 2001 the European Union, through the DG Competition of the European Commission (led by Prof. Mario Monti), started investigating Microsoft's dominant position in the desktop operating systems. The Free Software Foundation Europe was invited by the EC to represent the stance of the Free Software movement. In 2004 FSFE was admitted as an intervening third party in the appeal against the decision of the Commission and, also representing the Samba Team, was one of the only two interveners to remain active in the proceedings from start to end. It provided strong evidence in court thanks to the effort volunteers like Andrew Tridgell, Jeremy Allison, Volker Lendeke and their lawyer, Carlo Piana. The case is now considered one of the leading cases in European antitrust.[21]
World Intellectual Property Organization
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations system of organisations. Its role is to administer 24 international treaties dealing with different aspects of limited monopolies on knowledge. As an observer to WIPO and together with a global coalition of other players with similar goals, FSFE is working towards reshaping it as a "World Intellectual Wealth Organisation."[22]
FSFE Legal Team (previously known as the Freedom Task Force)
The legal branch of FSFE that helps individuals, projects, businesses and government agencies find Free Software legal information, experts and support. FSFE Legal provides compliance, best practice, procurement and governance resources in-house, in partnership with FSFE’s associate organisations and through its extensive network of contacts (including the Legal Network). Its mission is to spread knowledge, solve problems and encourage the long-term growth of Free Software.[23] The FSFE Legal Team is also responsible for maintaining the Fiduciary License Agreement, a balanced Contributor License Agreement that makes sure the project remains Free Software[24].

Each month, FSFE publishes a newsletter, in multiple languages (including English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish), of their activities that can be mentioned in public.[25]

Structure[edit]

From FSFE's published "Self-Conception": "The people of the Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE), see ourselves as Europeans from different cultures with the shared goal of co-operation across cultures and of developing a common culture of co-operation from a regional to a global level. We form a non-profit non-governmental organisation and network that itself is part of a global network of people with common goals and visions. We are not representative for anyone but ourselves and our work. Our common work and dedication to freedom in all aspects of digital society is what defines us."[26]

Internally, the FSFE has a consensus-oriented, team structure in which participation is determined by each person's willingness to participate and do work. A democratic and representative-democratic model functions as a fallback for when the consensus-based approach either reaps no results or a quick decision is needed.

Legal structure[edit]

The FSFE has a modular legal structure with a central "Hub" organisation and the possibility of local legal bodies, called "chapters". The Hub is a charitable association ("e.V.") which is, by happenstance, registered in Germany.

As well as being in regular contact with the other FSFs (FSF, FSFI, FSFLA), FSFE has a structure of organisations which are official associates.[27] These are mostly national-level free software groups.

Awards[edit]

In 2010 FSFE received the Theodor Heuss Medal in recognition of its work for freedom in the information society. The medal is awarded once a year in Stuttgart by a non-partisan foundation named after West Germany's first president.[28]

See also[edit]

Free Software Foundation organizations

General

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Imprint". fsfe.org. Free Software Foundation Europe e.V. (FSFE). Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  2. ^ "FSFE's legal structure". Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  3. ^ "The FSF* network". FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  4. ^ "Promoting innovation and growth through Horizon 2020". Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  5. ^ "About Free Software Foundation Europe". Fsfe.org. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Public Money? Public Code! - FSFE". FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  7. ^ "Public Money? Public Code! 31 organisations ask to improve public procurement of software". FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  8. ^ a b c d (FSFE), Free Software Foundation Europe. "Public Money, Public Code". publiccode.eu. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  9. ^ "Sign the Petition: Public Money Should Produce Public Code - Creative Commons". Creative Commons. 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  10. ^ "Public Money? Public Code! 22 Organizations Seek to Improve Public Software Procurement | Open Source Initiative". opensource.org. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  11. ^ Malcolm, Jeremy (2017-10-24). "Public Money, Public Code: Show Your Support For Free Software in Europe". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  12. ^ "Public Money? Public Code! - EDRi". EDRi. 2017-09-13. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  13. ^ "L'April rejoint 30 autres organisations pour la campagne « Argent public ? Code Public ! » | April". www.april.org (in French). Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  14. ^ "CCC | Open Letter: Public Money? Public Code!". www.ccc.de. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  15. ^ "Pressemitteilungen/PM 09 13 Public Money Public Code – Wikimedia Deutschland". wikimedia.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  16. ^ "Are Governments Held Hostage? Why openSUSE Supports Public Money Public Code". openSUSE News. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  17. ^ "Edward Snowden on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  18. ^ "Public Money? Public Code! 31 organisations ask to improve public procurement of software". FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  19. ^ Albers, Erik. "Using Free Software to build a more democratic, inclusive and sustainable digital society - interview with Francesca Bria, CTO of Barcelona". FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  20. ^ "FSFE - Software Patents in Europe". Fsfeurope.org. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  21. ^ "FSFE and the antitrust case against Microsoft". Fsfeurope.org. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  22. ^ "FSFE - Observing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)". Fsfeurope.org. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  23. ^ "FSFE Legal - The Freedom Task Force". fsfe.org. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  24. ^ "Fiduciary Licence Agreement (FLA) - FSFE Legal". FSFE - Free Software Foundation Europe. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  25. ^ "FSFE Newsletter".
  26. ^ "FSFE's Self-Conception".
  27. ^ "Associate Organisations - FSFE". Fsfeurope.org. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  28. ^ "Free Software Foundation Europe receives Theodor Heuss Medal". 10 May 2010.

External links[edit]