Queen's Sudan Medal
|Queen's Sudan Medal|
Obverse and reverse of the medal
|Awarded by UK and Commonwealth|
|Eligibility||British and Egyptian Troops|
|Awarded for||Campaign Service|
|Description||Silver and Bronze, 36.5mm diameter|
|Next (higher)||Ashanti Star|
|Next (lower)||East and Central Africa Medal|
|Related||Khedive's Sudan Medal|
Ribbon bar of the medal
The campaign reflected the British desire to reverse the defeats of the Mahdist War in the 1880’s, as well as concern that France and other European powers would take advantage of Sudan's instability to acquire parts of its territory. Initially only the Egyptian Army was engaged. British Army units joined from early 1898, with two British brigades being present at the decisive victory at Omdurman on 2 September 1898, in which Winston Churchill took part. Seventeen members of the Royal Navy and 27 Royal Marines who helped man the Nile gunboats also received the medal.
The medal was awarded in silver to soldiers of the British and Egyptian armies, and in bronze to a small number of non-combatants, mainly officers’ servants, and grooms from the Indian Army.
All recipients of the Queen's Medal also received the Khedive's Sudan Medal.
- A circular medal, 36.5 millimetres (1.44 in) in diameter.
- Obverse: a half length crowned figure of Queen Victoria and has the legend VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX.
- Reverse: a plinth inscribed SUDAN supported by Nile lilies, where a figure of victory sits holding a laurel wreath and a palm branch. Behind her are the British and Egyptian flags.
- Ribbon: 31.7 millimetres (1.25 in) wide ribbon is half yellow, half black with a thin dividing red stripe.
- Clasps: none were awarded for this medal.
- Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. pp. 180–181. Published Spink, London. 1988.
- Philip Ziegler. Omdurman. pp. 13–19. Published Collins, 1973.
- "The National Archives: Bronze medal for officers' servants confirmed on roll for respective regiment".
- Edward C Joslin. Observer Book of British Awards and Medals. Page 126. Published Frederick Warne & Co, 1973.
- John W. Mussell, editor. Medal Yearbook 2015. pp. 284 Published Token Publishing Limited, Honiton, Devon. 2015.