Rabri Devi

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Rabri Devi
Rabri Devi.jpg
Chief Minister of Bihar
In office
11 March 2000 – 6 March 2005
Preceded by Nitish Kumar
Succeeded by President's rule
In office
9 March 1999 – 2 March 2000
Preceded by President's rule
Succeeded by Nitish Kumar
In office
25 July 1997 – 11 February 1999
Preceded by Lalu Prasad Yadav
Succeeded by President's rule
Leader of Opposition in Bihar Legislative Council
Assumed office
12 May 2018
Personal details
Born 1956
Gopalganj, Bihar, India
Political party RJD
Spouse(s) Lalu Prasad Yadav
Relations Tejashwi Yadav (Son)
Tej Pratap Yadav (Son)
Misa Bharti (Daughter)
Rajlaxmi Yadav (Daughter)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (Son-in-law)
Chiranjeev Rao (Son-in-law)
Sadhu Yadav (brother)
Residence Patna

Rabri Devi Yadav (born 1956) is an Indian politician from the state of Bihar. She is a Member of the Legislative Council for Bihar Vidhan Parishad who has served three terms as the Chief Minister of Bihar, as a member of the Rashtriya Janata Dal political party, between 1997 and 2005. She is the wife of the Indian politician Lalu Prasad Yadav, former Chief Minister of Bihar and former Railway Minister of India. She is the current Leader of Opposition in Bihar Legislative Council.

Political career[edit]

Devi's appointment as the Chief Minister of Bihar was considered as one of the most unexpected and awkward decisions[1] in the entire Indian political history because she was a traditional housewife and had no interest nor any prior experience in politics until then.[2] The move fitted well with the needs of the government in power at the time as Lalu Prasad Yadav had to quit as the Chief Minister of Bihar after the Fodder scam was revealed, but he was alleged to have been controlling the affairs by giving his wife the coveted post of the head of the state government.[3] It was alleged that he continued to act and administer as a de facto chief minister with his wife being a ceremonial head.[2][1]

She became the first woman Chief Minister of Bihar on 25 July 1997 after her husband Lalu Prasad Yadav had to resign as the Chief Minister following the arrest warrant issued against him in corruption charges; in an unprecedented move, he appointed Rabri Devi as the new Bihar Chief Minister to hold onto power.[4] In Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2010, Rabri Devi contested on two seats: Raghopur and Sonpur assembly seats, but lost both while Rashtriya Janata Dal faced massive defeat, winning only 22 seats.[5][6]

She contested from Saran constituency in 2014 Loksabha election but lost.[7]


The appointment of Rabri Devi as the Chief Minister of Bihar came under severe satirical criticism and stiff opposition, because she was illiterate[8][9] and had little experience or interest in politics.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Rabri Devi married Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1973[4][11] at the age of 17 and has nine children, seven girls and two boys.[12] Her younger son Tejashwi Yadav served as the 4th Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar and at 26 years, was the youngest to hold the coveted office until the current Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar resigned from the post as Tejaswi refused to resign owing to corruption charges against him.


  1. ^ a b Mishra, Dipak (2017-02-17). "Proxy rule lessons from Bihar". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-03-27. 
  2. ^ a b Ahmed, Farz (1997-08-11). "Dragged from the kitchen to Bihar Assembly, Rabri Devi learns politics fast : Cover Story - India Today". India Today. Retrieved 2017-01-31. 
  3. ^ Dasgupta, Swapan (1997-08-04). "Laloo Prasad Yadav mocks democracy by appointing wife Rabri Devi as successor : Cover Story - India Today". India Today. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Rabri Devi". Hindustan Times. 7 February 2005. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. 
  5. ^ "RJD Mobbed: Rabri Devi Loses Both Her Seats". 
  6. ^ "Rabri loses in both seats". 
  7. ^ Vaibhav, Aditya (2014-05-17). "Election results 2014: JD(U), RJD decimated in Bihar". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  8. ^ "rediff.com: The Rediff Interview/ Rabri Devi". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  9. ^ "Profile: Laloo to the Prasad Yadav". BBC. 2006-12-18. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  10. ^ "rediff.com: The Rediff Interview/ Rabri Devi". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  11. ^ "Rabri vividly recalls how she had boarded a steamer at Pahleja Ghat in Sonepur (Chapra) to reach the Patna residence soon after her marriage on March 18, 1974 when curfew had been imposed all over the district". 
  12. ^ Thakur, Sankarshan (March 27, 2014). "A sibling swing at succession". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
Preceded by
Lalu Prasad Yadav
Chief Minister of Bihar
Succeeded by
President's rule
Preceded by
President's rule
Chief Minister of Bihar
Succeeded by
Nitish Kumar
Preceded by
Nitish Kumar
Chief Minister of Bihar
Succeeded by
President's rule