Rail transport in Libya
There have been no operational railways in Libya since 1965, but various lines existed in the past. An extensive system is now being developed and under construction.
The Kingdom of Italy built in Libya nearly 400 km of railways with 950 mm gauge. The last line the Italians started to create was the Tripoli-Benghazi in summer 1941, but their defeat in World War II stopped it at the beginning.
A 950 mm (3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) gauge network centred on Tripoli was opened from 17 March 1912 as part of the Italian occupation campaign. This extended from Tripoli 120 km west to Zuwara, 100 km south to Gharyan and 10 km east to Tajura.
A 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in) (later 950 mm) gauge railway was built east from Benghazi; the main route was 110 km long to Marj and was opened in stages between 1911 and 1927. Benghazi also had a 56 km branch to Suluq opened in 1926.
The standard gauge Western Desert Extension was built from a junction 10 km east of Matruh Egypt to Tobruk during WW2 to assist in the Allied defence of the area. In 1942 this 350 km route was completed as part of Allied advance across North Africa. The 125 km Libyan section west of Sollum was removed after closure from 20 December 1946, though the Egyptian Railways Sollum branch still sees occasional freight.
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Beginning in 1998, the Libyan government has been planning for an 3170 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge) network. A line parallel to the coast will eventually form part of a North African link between Tunisia and Egypt. The section from the border with Tunisia at Ras Ajdir, then via Tripoli to Sirte was under construction and was planned to open in 2009. China Railway Construction Corporation has contracts to start work in June 2008 on a 352 km route between Sirte and Khoms, to be finished by 2013. The east-west line will be double track.
A third line will run 554 km from Sirte to Benghazi in the East. In October 2007, RZD submitted a feasibility study for the project, and in 2008 signed a contract to begin construction, which was planned to take 4 years to complete. Work began on 30 August 2008. In August 2010, RZD awarded Ansaldo STS and SELEX Communications a contract to install signalling, telecoms, power, security and ticketing systems which is expected to take three years. Ansaldo STS and SELEX Communications are also working on signalling on new lines between Sirte and the Tunisian border, and the route to Sabha.
As of March 2012, the plans have been delayed until further notice
On 10 June 2007 a contract was signed with American General Electric Co. for supply of locomotives and training of Libyan nationals in operational and maintenance work. The contract includes the import of spare parts and technical assistance. The first shipment will arrive Libya by mid-2009.[needs update] Libya has bought one IC4 diesel multiple unit from AnsaldoBreda for evaluation. It is parked at until a network is operable.
- Libya signed contracts with Bahne of Egypt and Jez Sistemas Ferroviarios for the supply of crossings and pointwork.
- November - GE to supply 15 diesel locomotives.
- 30 August - Russian Railways begins work on 554 km Sirte to Benghazi railway.
- 25 April - Russia to build coastal line from Sirte eastwards to Benghazi, approximately 500 km. This extends another project to build a 352 km line running from Sirte westwards via Misrata to Khoms.
- China Railway Construction wins $2.6b bids in Libya. A west-to-east coastal railway 352 km from Khoms to Sirte and a south-to-west railway 800 km long for iron ore transport from the southern city Sabha to Misrata.
- March - First 14 km of 554 km long Russian Railways Sirte - Benghazi track in place. The total track laying is expected to take four years.
- March - China Railway Group suspended work on the 3 projects valued in total at $4.24 billion with $3.55 billion of the project yet to be finished due to the rising violence levels in the Libyan Civil War.
- February - Talks started between RZD and Libyan authorities to resume construction
- "Earthworks 60% complete on first section of Libyan network". Railway Gazette International. 2001-01-01.
- Italian colonial railways in Libya (in Italian)
- "Libya: Railways" Europa World Year Book 2004 Europa Publications, London, volume 2, page 2667, ISBN 1-85743-255-X
- "Libyan links back on track". Railway Gazette International. 2008-02-22.
- "Russian Railways in Libya to Build Railway between Surt and Benghazi" (Press release). Russian Railways. 2008-04-18.
- "Work starts on Libyan railway". Railway Gazette International. 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- "Contract signed for Surt - Banghazi line signalling". Railway Gazette International. 2010-08-13. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- Gardner, Frank (9 December 2001) "Libya unveils railway project" BBC News, accessed 12 March 2011
- Staff (5 March 2011) "Work halts on railway network in Libya built with Scunthorpe steel" Scunthorpe Telegraph archived here by WebCitation
- Rail network shunted off agenda
- Libya awaiting Chinese team for railway talks
- Railway will be resumed
- "Locos for Libya". RailwaysAfrica. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- "Benghazi Extension". RailwaysAfrica. 2008-04-25. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- "Contract placed for next stage of Libyan network". Railway Gazette International. 2009-01-23. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- First 14 km of Libyan rail network in place
- Wong, Fayen (2 March 2011). "China Railway suspends Libya projects, evacuates workers". Reuters.
- Robinson, Neil (2009). World Rail Atlas and Historical Summary. Volume 7: North, East and Central Africa. Barnsley, UK: World Rail Atlas Ltd. ISBN 978-954-92184-3-5.
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