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|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan, India|
|Inscription||2013 (36th Session)|
Ranthambore Fort lies within the Ranthambore National Park, near the town of Sawai Madhopur, the park being the former hunting grounds of the Maharajahs of Jaipur until the time of India's Independence. It is a formidable fort having been a focal point of the historical developments of Rajasthan. The fort is known for the glory and valor of Hammir dev of the Chauhan dynasty.
In 2013, at the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee, Ranthambore Fort, along with 5 other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.
The Ranthambore fort was built by a Chauhan Rajput ruler, although the exact name of the ruler is disputed. A widely held belief states that the fort was built the reign of Sapaldaksha, in 944 CE. Another theory states that the fort was built during the reign of Jayant, in 1110 CE. According to Government of Rajasthan's Amber Development & Management Authority, it is likely that the construction started in the mid-10th century during the reign of Sapaldaksha, and continued a few centuries after that.
Its earlier name was Ranastambha or Ranastambhapura. It was associated with Jainism during the reign of Prithviraja I of Chahamana (Chauhan) dynasty in the 12th century. Siddhasenasuri, who lived in the 12th century has included this place in the list of holy Jaina tirthas. In Mughal period, a temple of Mallinatha was built in the fort.
After the defeat of Prithviraja III (Prithviraj Chauhan) in 1192 CE, the fort came under the control of the Muslim Ghurid ruler Muhammad of Ghor. Prithviraja's son Govindaraja IV accepted the Ghurid suzerainty, and ruled Ranthambore as his vassal. His descendants made various attempts to become independent.
The Delhi Sultan Iltutmish captured Ranthambore in 1226, but the Chauhans recaptured it after his death in 1236. The armies of Sultan Nasir ud din Mahmud, led by the future Sultan Balban, unsuccessfully besieged the fortress in 1248 and 1253, but captured from Jaitrasingh Chauhan in 1259. shakti Dev succeeded Jaitrasingh in 1283, and recaptured Ranthambore and enlarged the kingdom. Sultan Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji briefly besieged the fort in 1290-91. In 1299,Maharao Hammir Dev Chauhan sheltered Muhammad Shah, a rebel general of Sultan Ala ud din Khilji, and refused to turn him over to the Sultan. The sultan unsuccessfully besieged the fortress in 1299, but returned in 1301 to personally oversee a long siege, and succeeded in capturing the fort.
The fortress was captured by the kingdom of Mewar under Rana Hamir Singh (1326–1364) and Rana Kumbha (1433–1468). After the reign of Rana Kumbha's successor Rana Udai Singh I (1468–1473) the fortress passed to the Hada Rajputs of Bundi. Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat captured the fortress from 1532 to 1535. The Mughal Emperor Akbar captured the fortress in 1569.
The fortress passed to the Kachwaha Maharajas of Jaipur in the 17th century, and it remained part of Jaipur state until Indian Independence. The area surrounding the fortress became a hunting ground for the Maharajas of Jaipur. Jaipur state acceded to India in 1949, becoming part of the state of Rajasthan in 1950.
Inside Ranthambore fort there are three Hindu temples dedicated to Ganesh, Shiva and Ramlalaji constructed in 12th and 13th centuries from red Karauli stone. There is also a Jain temple of Lord Sumatinath (5th Jain Tirthankar) and Lord Sambhavanath.
1. Kachida Valley
2. Surwal Lake
3. Malik Talao
5. Lakarda And Anantpura
6. Rajbagh Talao
8. Jogi Mahal
9. Padam Talao
10. Raj Bagh Ruins
11. Ranthambhore Fort
12. Ranthambhore School Of Art
13. ganesha temple
14. Jain Temple
- Mir Imaduddin and Burhanuddin, (Martyred during the attack of Alauddin Khilji in 701AH/1301AD; buried near the gate of Ranthambore Fort)
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan
- Sawai Madhopur District
- Sawai Madhopur
- Ranthambore National Park
- Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History
- Shilpgram, Sawai Madhopur
- Sawai Madhopur railway station
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ranthambore Fort.|
- "Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Ranthambore". Amber Development & Management Authority. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Singh, Narendra (1 January 2001). Encyclopaedia of Jainism. 1. Anmol Publications / Indo-European Jain Research Foundation. p. 5538. ISBN 978-81-261-0691-2.
- Dasharatha Sharma (1959). Early Chauhān Dynasties. S. Chand / Motilal Banarsidass. p. 102. ISBN 9780842606189.
- IA, Vol. XLII, pp. 57-64
- Yasovarman of Kanau,p.123. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- An introduction to Ranthambore by Trip N Eat
- Ranthambore Fort travel guide from Wikivoyage