|Full name||José René Higuita Zapata|
|Date of birth||27 August 1966|
|Place of birth||Medellin, Colombia|
|Height||1.76 m (5 ft 9 1⁄2 in)|
|Atlético Nacional (goalkeeper coach)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
José René Higuita Zapata (Spanish pronunciation: [reˈne iˈɣita]; born 27 August 1966) is a retired Colombian football goalkeeper. He was nicknamed El Loco ("The Madman") for his high-risk 'sweeper-keeper' playing style and his flair for the dramatic.
Higuita's style of play, which was first shown to a global audience during the 1990 FIFA World Cup, was pioneering in influencing goalkeepers to take more responsibility for situations further from the goal. IFFHS ranked Higuita the 8th best keeper in South American history. His most notable moment being the scorpion kick save.
Rene Higuita played the majority of his club career with Colombian side Atlético Nacional where he helped the team win the Colombian League on numerous occasions as well as the Copa Libertadores and Copa Interamericana, both in 1989.
He came out of retirement in 2007 to sign for Venezuelan club Guaros FC. In January 2008, aged 41, he signed for Colombian second division team Deportivo Rionegro. In June 2008 he signed for Colombian first division team Deportivo Pereira and retired in January 2010.
On the pitch, Higuita was known for his dramatic flair, composure under pressure, and eccentric playing style, often taking unnecessary risks and actively coming out of his area to anticipate opponents, play the ball out to defenders, undertake individual dribbling runs, and attempt to score goals, which led him to be described as a 'sweeper-keeper; he was therefore a pioneer in influencing other goalkeepers to take more responsibility for situations further away from the goal. Although he was a goalkeeper, Higuita also became known for scoring directly from free-kicks, as well as penalties. Furthermore, Higuita reportedly invented the scorpion kick, a gesture which involves the player jumping forward, positioning their legs over their head, and in doing so, kicks the ball away with their heels; one of Higuita's most notable uses of this gesture was when he performed it while clearing a cross during a friendly against England at Wembley in 1995.
Higuita would often take set-pieces for the Colombian national team, in all, he scored three goals in his 68 international appearances. Higuita's scorpion kick trick earned him considerable media attention when he successfully used it in a friendly game against England at Wembley Stadium on 6 September 1995, clearing a cross by Jamie Redknapp. It ranked 94th in Channel 4's 100 Greatest Sporting Moments in 2002.
Higuita's unorthodox playing style caused a mistake by him that knocked Colombia out of the 1990 World Cup, when he seemingly dithered with the ball at his feet near the halfway line enabling Cameroon striker Roger Milla to dispossess him and score, putting Cameroon through to the quarter-finals. Higuita described it as "a mistake as big as a house". As a result of such behaviour, Higuita was nicknamed El Loco ("The Madman").
Higuita is friends with Diego Maradona and played in the Argentine's farewell match in 2001.
Scores and results lists Colombia's goal tally first.
|1.||19 May 1988||Helsinki Olympic Stadium, Helsinki, Finland||Finland||Friendly|
|2.||3 February 1989||Estadio Centenario, Armenia, Colombia||Peru||Copa Centenario de Armenia|
|3.||3 July 1989||Estádio Fonte Nova, Salvador, Brazil||Venezuela||1989 Copa América|
He joined Al Nassr FC in Saudi Arabia on 12 January 2012, to become the club goalkeeper coach.
He is married to Magnolia, with whom he has three children, Andrés, Pamela and Wilfred. He also has a daughter, Cindy Carolina, from a previous marriage.
Higuita was imprisoned in 1993 after getting involved in a kidnapping. Acting as a go-between for the drug barons Pablo Escobar and Carlos Molina, he was largely responsible for securing the release of Molina's daughter by delivering the ransom money. He received $64,000 for his services, which breaks Colombian law as it is an offence to profit from a kidnapping. He was incarcerated for seven months before being released without charge. Commenting on the case, he has stated that "I'm a footballer, I didn't know anything about kidnapping laws."
In the ESPN documentary "The Two Escobars", Higuita claimed that he was arrested for visiting Pablo during his time in prison with the desire to thank him for turning himself in thus stabilizing Colombia for a short period. He supported this theory claiming that all he was asked during questioning was solely about Pablo Escobar himself and no kidnapping.
Because of the term in prison Higuita was not fit for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. In another scandal, he tested positive for cocaine on 23 November 2004 while playing for Aucas, an Ecuadorian football club.
In 2005, Higuita participated in the reality TV program La isla de los famosos: Una aventura pirata ("The Island of the Famous: A Pirate Adventure"), a show similar to Survivor. Also in 2005, he underwent plastic surgery to completely change his appearance.
Higuita has expressed the wish to become more politically active.
- Copa Libertadores: 1989; Runner-up 1995.
- Copa Interamericana: 1990.
- Intercontinental Cup: Runner-up 1989.
- Colombian League: 1991, 1994.
- Tim Vickery (10 February 2010). "The Legacy of Rene Higuita". BBC. Retrieved 11 June 2014
- Higuita returns to football[permanent dead link]
- "Tormann René Higuita geht nicht mehr auf Torjagd". Kleinezeitung.at. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Tim Vickery. "The legacy of Rene Higuita". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Rogerio Ceni: Sao Paulo keeper into club record books". BBC. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- "Colombia 'scorpion kick' keeper Higuita runs for mayor". BBC News. 19 March 2011.
- On Sky Sports 1's Goals on Sunday, 29 October 2006 at 1246 GMT, Jamie Redknapp stated that it was a cross not a shot.
- 100 Greatest sporting moments – results Channel 4. Retrieved 28 August 2014
- Shaw, Phil (16 February 1998). "Schmeichel slices into fixture". The Independent.
- Ballesteros, Frank (12 February 2006). "José René Higuita - International Appearances". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "René Higuita, nuevo preparador de porteros en". Elvalladolid.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- René 'el Loco' Higuita leads Ecuador's keepers – FIFA.com 22 September 2004 Archived 15 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- Vickery, Tim (29 November 2004). "Two of the best". BBC News. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- (in Spanish) Inconforme René Higuita por cambio físico a que fue sometido (El Universal)
- "Higuita wants to return to Colombia's national team". Colombia Reports. 1 April 2008. Archived from the original on 25 April 2008. Retrieved 1 April 2008.
- "South American Team of the Year". RSSSF. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "Legends". Golden Foot. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
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