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RheinEnergieSTADION Logo.svg
Current venue logo
FIFA WM06 Stadion Koeln.jpg
Interior of venue during the 2006 FIFA World Cup
Former namesMüngersdorfer Stadion (1923–2001)
AddressAachener Straße 999
50933 Cologne, Germany
LocationAachener Straße 999, Sportpark Müngersdorf, Lindenthal
Public transitCologne Stadtbahn RheinEnergieStadion
OwnerKölner Sportstätten GmbH
Capacity49,698 (Regular matches) [2]
45,965 (International matches)
Field size105 m x 68 m
Broke ground12 October 1921 (1921-10-12)
Opened16 September 1923 (1923-09-16)
Construction costDEM 47.4 million
(DEM 21.2 million in 2017 Deutschmarks[1])
Kölner BC 01 (1923–1947)
SpVgg Sülz 07 (1923–1947)
1. FC Köln (1948–present)
Cologne Centurions (2004–2007)
Germany national football team (selected matches)
Building details
General information
Renovated31 January 2004 (2004-01-31)
Renovation cost117.4 million
Renovating team
ArchitectGerkan, Marg und Partner
Structural engineerSchlaich Bergermann & Partner
Services engineerHL-Technik
Main contractorMax Bögl

The RheinEnergieStadion (German pronunciation: [ˌʁaɪnʔenɛʁˈɡiːˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn]; officially styled as RheinEnergieSTADION), is a German football stadium in Cologne. It was built on the site of the two previous Müngersdorfer stadiums. It is the home of the local Bundesliga team, 1. FC Köln. The stadium was one of five stadiums hosting both the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2006 FIFA World Cup, and hosted the 2020 UEFA Europa League Final behind closed doors. Local energy company RheinEnergie AG currently holds the naming rights to the stadium, hence they will be known as the Stadion Köln for the final.


Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the fortifications of Cologne were removed, thus allowing for the building of a new structure in the surrounding area. The new construction enabled the city to create 15,000 jobs. The new stadium was called the Müngersdorfer Stadion. This allowed Cologne not only to help stabilize the country but also to gain prestige and economic benefits for the city. The cost was tallied at 47.4 million Deutsche Mark.

Following the completion of the stadium the city began to gain prominence in the domestic sports world. Many major football matches were held at the stadium in front of huge crowds. The first international match was held on 20 November 1927, when the German national football team drew 2–2 with the Netherlands. Since then, the German team has played 19 times at the stadium, and only one of those matches resulted in a loss. Another notable match was the first post-war game, which saw 1. FC Nürnberg beat 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2–1, in front of a crowd of 75,000.

One of the specialties of the Müngersdorfer Stadion was the track meets for non-professional sportsmen. In 1929 there were over 38,000 participants. However, in 1933 Jews were no longer allowed to take part. After the war the stadium has only hosted professional level sports.

Recent matches of importance[edit]

In 2005, the stadium was a venue for three first-round games of the FIFA Confederations Cup, including the opening match between Argentina and Tunisia. The game was won by Argentina 2–1.

The Müngersdorfer has been host to many important UEFA Cup matches. Bayer Leverkusen played against Barcelona, and Galatasaray against Monaco in the 1988–89 European Cup. Borussia Mönchengladbach played both Arsenal and Monaco in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup. The stadium also functioned as the home ground to second-tier Alemannia Aachen in their 2004–05 UEFA Cup campaign.

Following the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, the 2020 UEFA Europa League Final was moved from the Stadion Energa Gdańsk in Gdańsk, Poland to the RheinEnergieStadion, to be played behind closed doors. Sevilla won the match, defeating Inter Milan 3–2.


In July 2004, the RheinEnergieStadion was awarded a bronze medal for distinguished sporting and leisure facilities by the International Olympic Committee.


The stadium in 1997

There have been two renovations, from 1972 to 1975 and from 2002 to 2004.

In 1974, the World Cup was held in West Germany, and Cologne had wanted to be a host city. The city's bid was approved and it soon began work on a new stadium that was to replace the now outdated Müngersdorfer Stadion. However, the city was unable to raise the money needed for a stadium of the desired size. The original plan was for an 80,000-seat arena, which was planned to have cost 23.5 million Deutsche Mark. But the total kept growing. In the end, if the stadium had been completed, the cost would have amounted to 93.5 million. At the time, the city was able to provide only an extra 6 million Deutsche Mark.

Following the World Cup, Cologne still wanted the stadium completed. Hence, on 12 November 1975, a 61,000-seat arena was inaugurated with a match between 1. FC Köln and SC Fortuna Köln, 1. FC Köln winning 1–0. In this configuration the stadium hosted the UEFA Euro 1988.

With the news of the prospect of bringing the World Cup back to Germany, the city reacted and started renovation of the stadium, which was completed in 2003. Unlike previous configurations, there are no track-and-field facilities, allowing spectators to be much closer to the pitch than they might have been in a traditional continental multi-purpose stadium.


The capacity is about 50,000 people during club matches and 45,965 for international games, when terracing is not allowed. The entire field is lit with a floodlight system. In the north grandstand there is a museum dedicated to 1. FC Köln.

External dimensions[edit]

Length 220 m
Width 180 m
Height to Roof 33.25 m
Roof Area 15,400 m2

2006 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The stadium was one of the venues for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. However, due to sponsorship contracts, the arena was called "FIFA World Cup Stadium Cologne" during the World Cup.

The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 2006:

Date Time (CET) Team # Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
11 June 2006 21:00  Angola 0–1  Portugal Group D 45,000
17 June 2006 17:00  Czech Republic 0–2  Ghana Group E 45,000
20 June 2006 18:00  Sweden 2–2  England Group B 45,000
23 June 2006 20:00  Togo 0–2  France Group G 45,000
26 June 2006 21:00   Switzerland 0–0 (0–3p)  Ukraine Round of 16 45,000
Panoramic view of the stadium.


The stadion is part of Sportpark Müngersdorf, adjacent to Aachener Straße. It is accessible by car via the Cologne Beltway, only some 1200 m off the Bundesautobahn 1. The Cologne Stadtbahn provides service at Rheinenergie-Stadion.


Queen performed at the stadium on the 19th of July 1986 during their European Magic Tour.

Michael Jackson performed at the stadium three times. The first was on 3 July 1988 during the Bad World Tour, the second on July 11, 1992 during the Dangerous World Tour and the third was on 3 June 1997 during the History World Tour. The singer performed for over 150 000 fans at this stadium.

Pink Floyd played at the stadium two times. The first was on 18 June 1989 as part of their A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour, the second was on 2 August 1994 as part of their The Division Bell Tour.

The Rolling Stones played a concert at the venue on 4–5 July 1982 on The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982. The band played with Peter Maffey and also the J. Geils Band.

American hard rock band Guns N’ Roses played at the stadium in both May 1992 and June 1993 during its two and a half year long Use Your Illusion Tour.

Tina Turner played a sold-out (60,288 / 60,288) concert at the stadium on 28 July 2000 as part of her Twenty Four Seven Tour.

Bon Jovi performed at the stadium on June 20, 2001 during the One Wild Night Tour and on June 23, 2013 as part of the Because We Can Tour.

AC/DC performed at the venue on July 8, 2001 during the Stiff Upper Lip World Tour and on May 19, 2009 as part of the Black Ice World Tour.

The pop rock singer P!nk performed on May 29, 2010 during her Funhouse Summer Carnival.

Bruce Springsteen performed on May 27, 2012 during his Wrecking Ball World Tour in front of a sold-out crowd of 40,417 fans.

Coldplay played a concert at the stadium on September 4, 2012 as part of their Mylo Xyloto Tour.

German Rock Band Unheilig performed their final concert at the stadium on September 10, 2016.

Rihanna performed here on 28 July 2016 for her Anti World Tour.


External links[edit]

Media related to RheinEnergieStadion at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Baku Olympic Stadium
UEFA Europa League
Final venue

Succeeded by
Stadion Energa Gdańsk

Coordinates: 50°56′0.59″N 6°52′29.99″E / 50.9334972°N 6.8749972°E / 50.9334972; 6.8749972