Road signs in Switzerland and Liechtenstein

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Road signs in Switzerland and Liechtenstein generally conform to the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals.[1]

Example of Swiss motor-/expressway sign

Although Switzerland is not a member of the European Union, signs largely follow the general European conventions concerning the use of shape and color to indicate their function. This is just a general pattern, which knows several exceptions.

Concepts[edit]

Legal basis[edit]

The Swiss road signs are defined in the Road Signs Act, which is based on several laws and ordinances. Liechtenstein largely follows the legislation of Switzerland's.

The major ones are:

Swiss laws[edit]

SR/RS No. Title de fr it ref
741.21 Road Signs Act Signalisationsverordnung vom 5. September 1979 (SSV) Ordonnance du 5 septembre 1979 sur la signalisation routière (OSR) Ordinanza del 5 settembre 1979 sulla segnaletica stradale (OSStr) [2]
741.01 Road Traffic Law Strassenverkehrsgesetz vom 19. Dezember 1958 (SVG) Loi fédérale du 19 décembre 1958 sur la circulation routière (LCR) Legge federale del 19 dicembre 1958 sulla circolazione stradale (LCStr) [3]
741.11 Road Traffic Rules Act Verkehrsregelnverordnung vom 13. November 1962 (VRV) Ordonnance du 13 novembre 1962 sur les règles de la circulation routière (OCR) Ordinanza del 13 novembre 1962 sulle norme della circolazione stradale (ONC) [4]
725.111 National Roads Act Nationalstrassenverordnung vom 7. November 2007 (NSV) Ordonnance sur les routes nationales du 7 novembre 2007 (ORN) Ordinanza sulle strade nazionali del 7 novembre 2007 (OSN) [5]

Laws of Liechtenstein[edit]

No. Title de ref
741.21 Road Signs Act Strassensignalisationsverordnung (SSV) vom 27. Dezember 1979, LGBl. 1978 Nr. 18
Road Traffic Law Strassenverkehrsgesetz (SVG) vom 30. Juni 1978, LGBl. 1978 Nr. 18
Road Traffic Rules Act Verkehrsregelnverordnung (VRV) vom 1. August 1978, LGBl. 1978 Nr. 19

Language[edit]

Each canton is responsible for management and placement of its road signs and complementary panels and uses one of the four official languages of Switzerland accordingly.

Metrics[edit]

Distances and other measurements are displayed in metric units.

Categorization and design[edit]

Category Shape No. Character (major) Colour of Example(s)
border background content
Warning triangular 1.01–1.32 Conducting red white black CH-Gefahrensignal-Bahnuebergang ohne Schranken.svg
Regulatory circular 2.01–2.20 Prohibitive red white black CH-Vorschriftssignal-Verbot für Motorwagen, Motorräder und Motor- fahrräder.svg
2.30–2.65 Commanding white (thin)

red
blue

white
white

black
CH-Vorschriftssignal-Rechtsabbiegen.svg

CH-Vorschriftssignal-Höchstgeschwindigkeit 50 generell.svg

CH-Vorschriftssignal-Lichtsignal-System für die zeitweilige Sperrung von Fahrstreifen.svg
Priority various 3.01–3.25 various CH-Vortrittssignal-Verzweigung mit Rechtsvortritt.svg

CH-Vortrittssignal-Ende der Hauptstrasse.svg

CH-Vortrittssignal-Dem Gegenverkehr Vortritt lassen.svg
Indication rectangular 4.01–4.25 Conducting white (thin) blue white & black CH-Hinweissignal-Einbahnstrasse mit Gegenverkehr von Radfahrern.svg
Routing

CH-Hinweissignal-Wegweiser in Tabellenform.svg

4.27–4.77.2
minor route
minor road
black (thin) white black CH-Hinweissignal-Wegweiser für Nebenstrassen.svg
CH-Hinweissignal-Vorwegweiser auf Nebenstrassen.svg
particular purpose CH-Hinweissignal-Wegweiser «Parkplatz mit Anschluss an öffentliches Verkehrsmittel» (Beispiel).svg
main route
main road
white (thin) blue white CH-Hinweissignal-Wegweiser für Hauptstrassen.svg
CH-Hinweissignal-Vorwegweiser auf Hauptstrassen.svg
motor-/expressway
4.60–4.73
white (thin) green white CH-Hinweissignal-Wegweiser zu Autobahnen oder Autostrassen.svg
CH-Hinweissignal-Verzweigungstafel.svg
detour route black (thin) orange black CH-Hinweissignal-Wegweiser bei Umleitungen.svg
commercial direction black (thin) grey black CH-Hinweissignal-Betriebswegweiser.svg
bicycle route,
mountain bike route,
vehicle-like transport means route
white (thin) falu red white CH-Zusatztafel-Wegweiser in Tabellenform für mehrere Adressatenkreise.svg
4.79–4.95 Informational white (thin) blue white CH-Hinweissignal-Gottesdienst (4).svg
Complementary Panels rectangular 5.01–5.58 Compulsory black (thin) white black CH-Vorschriftssignal-Halten verboten.svgCH-Zusatztafel-Wiederholungstafel.svg
CH-Zusatztafel-Ausnahmen vom Halteverbot.svg
Road Markings various 6.01–6.31 none - white
yellow
blue
red
CH-Markierung-6162-Führungslinie-bei-Richtungsänderung-der-Hauptstrasse.svg
Traffic Lights circle
cross
arrows
- Commanding white black red
yellow
green
CH-SSV-Lichtsignal-Art68-RedYellow.png
Police Instruction Signs - - - - -

Starting 2003, the font ASTRA-Frutiger is replacing the previous SNV, which is still used in several European countries.[6][7]

Signs[edit]

Warning signs[edit]

Regulatory signs[edit]

Prohibitions[edit]

Mandatory Instructions[edit]

Priority signs[edit]

Indication signs[edit]

Conducting indication signs[edit]

Routing indication signs[edit]

... on main and minor roads[edit]
... numbering[edit]
... on motorways and expressways[edit]
... general[edit]

Informational signs[edit]

Complementary panels[edit]

General remarks:

  • All signs and complementary panels can be combined with complementary panels for particular kinds of transport means.
  • If accompanied with the words ausgenommen / Excepté / eccettuato (excluding) or gestattet / Autorisé / permesso (permitted), it means that the indicated kind of transport means are excluded from the regulation of the main sign.
  • The sign bicycles (5.31) also includes mopeds with a designed maximal speed of 20km/h.

Road markings[edit]

Traffic lights[edit]

General Remarks:

  • Working traffic light signals (not turned off or not flashing yellow) precede the priority signs, the road markings, and the general road rules.
  • A yellow flashing traffic light warns of special caution, and the general road rules, priority signs, and road markings have to be applied and followed (in particular stop signs (see 3.01) or give way signs (see 3.02) and all other priority signs, or direction indications (e.g. see 2.32–2.43, 2.46, 6.06, 6.10, 6.13), and others)!
  • White traffic lights are addressed to public transport only.

General rules[edit]

Specifically addressed:[edit]

Police instruction signs[edit]

Blue Zone parking disc[edit]

When parking in a Blue Zone you should set and display a blue parking disc with the time of arrival according to the Blue Zone Rules. Parking in a blue zone space is limited to 1 hour unless otherwise indicated. When parking, make sure the whole vehicle, including bumpers, are withing the marked parking space.

Blue disks are available in various places, such as the police station, hotels, tourist offices, news stands, the local Gemeinde/Town hall, garages and gas stations.

Blue Zone Parking Rules

From Monday to Saturday:

Between 8:00-11:30 and 13:30-18:00 set the disc to the exact time or the next half-hour mark if the exact time is not printed on the disc. Parking is allowed for 1 hour from set time.

Between 11:00-13:30 set the disc to the exact time or the next half-hour mark if the exact time is not printed on the disc. Parking is allowed until 14:30.

Between 18:00-19:00 set the disc to the exact time or the next half-hour mark if the exact time is not printed on the disc. Parking is allowed until 09:00 the next morning.

Between 19:00-07:59 blue disc is not needed if you leave by 08:00.

From Saturday 18:00 until Monday 09:00 blue-zone parking is free. No need to set blue disc.

For Blue Zones marked with a 4 digit area code and you do not have the corresponding parking permit just follow regular Blue Zone parking rules. If you have a valid parking permit for the specific area code, parking is unlimited in these zones.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Convention on Road Signs and Signals Vienna, 8 November 1968". United Nations. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
  2. ^ "SR 741.21 Signalisationsverordnung vom 5. September 1979 (SSV)" (in German, French, and Italian). Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council. 15 January 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  3. ^ "SR 741.01 Strassenverkehrsgesetz vom 19. Dezember 1958 (SVG)" (in German, French, and Italian). Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
  4. ^ "SR 741.11 Verkehrsregelnverordnung vom 13. November 1962 (VRV)" (in German, French, and Italian). Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council. 7 May 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
  5. ^ "SR 725.111 Nationalstrassenverordnung vom 7. November 2007 (NSV)" (in German, French, and Italian). Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
  6. ^ rel (20 January 2003). "«Frutiger» für die Strasse". NZZ (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
  7. ^ "Frutiger honored with SOTA award". Microsoft Typography. Retrieved 1 September 2012.

External links[edit]