RoboCup

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RoboCup is an annual international robotics competition proposed[1] and founded in 1996 by a group of university professors (including Hiroaki Kitano, Manuela M. Veloso, and Minoru Asada). The aim of the competition is to promote robotics and AI research by offering a publicly appealing – but formidable – challenge.

The name RoboCup is a contraction of the competition's full name, "Robot Soccer World Cup", but there are many other areas of competition such as "RoboCupRescue", "RoboCup@Home" and "RoboCupJunior". In 2019, the international competition was held in Sydney, Australia. Peter Stone is the current president of RoboCup, and has been since 2019.

“Competition pushes advances in technologies. What we learn from robots playing soccer or navigating a maze can be applied to industry and help us solve difficult real-world problems,” according to Professor Maurice Pagnucco, Head of the School of Computer Science and Engineering at UNSW.[2]

The official goal of the project:

"By the middle of the 21st century, a team of fully autonomous humanoid robot soccer players shall win a soccer game, complying with the official rules of FIFA, against the winner of the most recent World Cup."[3]

RoboCup leagues[edit]

Team rUNSWift competing in the Standard Platform League at RoboCup 2010 in Singapore
NimbRo-OP2X robot in Humanoid AdultSize game át RoboCup 2018 in Montreal.
NimbRo-OP2X[4] robot in Humanoid AdultSize game át RoboCup 2018 in Montreal.
RoboCup 2019 Humanoid AdultSize winner NimbRo
RoboCup 2019 Humanoid AdultSize winner NimbRo

The contest currently has six major domains of competition, each with a number of leagues and sub-leagues. These include:

Each team is fully autonomous in all RoboCup leagues. Once the game starts, the only input from any human is from the referee.[8]

RoboCup editions[edit]

Number Year Host City Host Country Number of teams Number of countries Number of participants
1 RoboCup 1997 Nagoya  Japan 38 11
2 RoboCup 1998 Paris  France 63 19
3 RoboCup 1999 Stockholm  Sweden 85 23
4 RoboCup 2000 Melbourne  Australia 110 19
5 RoboCup 2001 Seattle  United States 141 22
6 RoboCup 2002 Fukuoka  Japan 197 29
7 RoboCup 2003 Padua  Italy 238 35
8 RoboCup 2004 Lisbon  Portugal 345 37
9 RoboCup 2005 Osaka  Japan 387 36
10 RoboCup 2006 Bremen  Germany 440 35
11 RoboCup 2007 Atlanta  United States 321 39 1,966
12 RoboCup 2008 Suzhou  People's Republic of China 373 35
13 RoboCup 2009 Graz  Austria 407 43 2,472
14 RoboCup 2010 Singapore  Singapore 500 40 3,000
15 RoboCup 2011 Istanbul  Turkey 451 40 2,691
16 RoboCup 2012 Mexico City  Mexico 381 42 2,356
17 RoboCup 2013 Eindhoven  Netherlands 410 45 3,033
18 RoboCup 2014 João Pessoa  Brazil 358 45 2,900
19 RoboCup 2015 Hefei  People's Republic of China[9] 346 43 2,032
20 RoboCup 2016 Leipzig  Germany[10] 404 45 3,500
21 RoboCup 2017 Nagoya  Japan[11] 500 50 2,520
22 RoboCup 2018 Montreal  Canada 360 40 2,345
23 RoboCup 2019 Sydney  Australia 335 40 2,200
24 RoboCup 2021 Bordeaux  France
25 RoboCup 2022 Bangkok  Thailand

The formal RoboCup competition was preceded by the (often unacknowledged) first International Micro Robot World Cup Soccer Tournament (MIROSOT) held by KAIST in Taejon, Korea, in November 1996. This was won by an American team from Newton Labs, and the competition was shown on CNN.[12]

Robocup was canceled in 2020 due to COVID-19. The planned host location of Bordeaux will host in 2021. Bangkok, the host for robocup 25, will host in 2022.

RoboCup Asia-Pacific editions[edit]

Year Host City Host Country Number of teams Number of countries Number of participants
RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2017 Bangkok  Thailand
RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2018 Kish Island  Iran
Dubai  United Arab Emirates [13]
RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2019 Moscow  Russia

RoboCup local events[edit]

Warwick Mobile Robotics (from the University of Warwick) robot navigates red step fields, in the RoboCupRescue arena at the 2009 RoboCup German Open
Brainstormers Tribots (from Universität Osnabrück) play RFC Stuttgart (from Universität Stuttgart) in the RoboCupSoccer Middle-Size League at the 2009 RoboCup German Open

2020[edit]

Events were cancelled due to COVID-19[14]

2019[edit]

2018[edit]

2017[edit]

2016[edit]

2015[edit]

2014[edit]

2013[edit]

2012[edit]

2011[edit]

2010[edit]

RoboCup teams[edit]

Team rUNSWift competing in the 4-Legged League at Bremen, Germany, 2006
Team CASualty competing in the Rescue Robot League at Singapore, 2010

Media articles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RoboCup: The Robot World Cup Initiative". RoboCup. 1995. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.49.7511. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Pagnucco, Professor Maurice. "RoboCup 2019". Business Events Sydney. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  3. ^ "RoboCup: Objective". RoboCup. 1998. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  4. ^ Ficht, Grzegorz; Farazi, Hafez; Brandenburger, Andre; Rodriguez, Diego; Pavlichenko, Dmytro; Allgeuer, Philipp; Hosseini, Mojtaba; Behnke, Sven (2018). "NimbRo-OP2X: Adult-Sized Open-Source 3D Printed Humanoid Robot". 2018 IEEE-RAS 18th International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids). Beijing, China: IEEE: 1–9. arXiv:1810.08395. Bibcode:2018arXiv181008395F. doi:10.1109/HUMANOIDS.2018.8625038. ISBN 978-1-5386-7283-9.
  5. ^ "RoboCup@Home"
  6. ^ "RoboCup@Work"
  7. ^ "RoboCupJunior – Creating a learning environment for today, fostering technological advancement for tomorrow". junior.robocup.org. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  8. ^ "A New Goal for Open Source"
  9. ^ http://www.wantinews.com/news-8698440-2015-RoboCup-Whispering-Hefei.html
  10. ^ http://www.leipzig.de/news/news/robocup-wm-2016-kommt-nach-leipzig/
  11. ^ http://robocup2017.org/eng/
  12. ^ "Robot Soccer at Newton Research Labs". www.newtonlabs.com. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  13. ^ "dubai2018". Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  14. ^ "Statement from RoboCup Federation and Bordeaux RoboCup LOC: Corona Virus (COVID-19)". www.robocup.org. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  15. ^ "Aryan | Home". aryanm.me. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  16. ^ India, RoboCupJunior. "RoboCupJunior National Competition Winners 2017 in Bangalore - India". rcjindia.com. Retrieved 2018-11-23.

External links[edit]

Media related to RoboCup at Wikimedia Commons