Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh
|Diocese of Pittsburgh|
|Territory||Pennsylvania counties of Allegheny, Beaver, Butler, Greene, Lawrence, and Washington|
|Ecclesiastical province||Province of Philadelphia|
|Area||4,092 sq mi (10,600 km2)|
(as of 2004)|
|Established||August 11, 1843|
|Cathedral||Saint Paul Cathedral|
|Patron saint||Mary Immaculate (primary) and St. Paul the Apostle (secondary)|
Bishop of Pittsburgh
Charles J. Chaput|
Archbishop of Philadelphia
|Auxiliary Bishops||William J. Waltersheid, Auxiliary Bishop|
|Emeritus Bishops||William J. Winter, Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh (Latin: Dioecesis Pittsburgensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese. It was established in Western Pennsylvania on August 11, 1843. The diocese includes 211 parishes in the counties of Allegheny, Beaver, Butler, Greene, Lawrence, and Washington, an area of 3,753 square miles (9,720 km2) with a Catholic population of 719,801 as of June 2008. The cathedral church of the diocese is the Cathedral of Saint Paul. As of March 2009, the diocese had 280 active priests.
- 1 History
- 2 Bishops
- 3 Education
- 4 Charity
- 5 Sexual abuse cases
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The Diocese of Pittsburgh was erected from the Diocese of Philadelphia on August 11, 1843. Territory was lost to the newly created Diocese of Erie on July 29, 1853. The short-lived Diocese of Allegheny was created out of the Pittsburgh diocese on January 11, 1876; the territory was reincorporated on July 1, 1889. The Diocese of Altoona was formed on May 30, 1901, and the Diocese of Greensburg on March 10, 1951, out of Pittsburgh diocesan territory.
Bishop Wuerl's installation mass was held at St. Paul Cathedral on March 25, 1988. Bishop Wuerl appointed Father David Zubik his secretary. Bishop Wuerl spoke to Father Zubik about his desire to "put the diocese back on the map" by improving its operations and improving its image.
Bishop Wuerl had to contend with anger at his predecessor's decision to not wash the feet of women on Holy Thursday. Bishop Wuerl washed the feet of six women and six men on his first Holy Thursday as head of the diocese at St. Paul Cathedral. The next year he washed the feet of prisoners in the Allegheny County Jail. In future years he would wash the feet of occupants of nursing homes and other facilities that serve marginalized people. He did this for both men and women.
At the time of Bishop Wuerl's installation, the diocese was running a projected deficit of $3.8 million for the fiscal year. 48 of 333 churches owed the diocese $5.6 million for insurance and other expenses. Bishop Wuerl's first step to deal with the financial crisis was to hold a meeting to inform all priests in the diocese about its financial condition. He then appointed an eleven-member committee composed of lay financial experts to study how to reduce the deficit.
The biggest financial problem facing the diocese came from its school system. Many of the parishes were built when Catholic immigrants were swelling the population of Pittsburgh to work in the steel mills. During this era, parishes were established along ethnic lines so that parishioners could attend services in their native tongues and maintain their national traditions. This resulted in having as many as six-to-eight parishes within blocks of each other. After World War II, there was a major effort to build a school for every parish. These schools were usually staffed by nuns who were given nominal compensation. This system began to break down in the 1970s. First, the Baby Boom subsided resulting in a massive reduction in student population. Second, Catholics became less likely to send their children to Catholic schools. Third, during this period there was a massive culture shift among nuns, partially in response to Vatican II, that resulted in many sisters choosing missions unrelated to education. They had to be replaced with lay staff paid market salaries.
Bishop Wuerl asked his committee of lay advisors to address the debt and deficit spending associated with Catholic education in Pittsburgh. 1n 1988, that committee determined that 48 of the then 333 parishes owed a total of $5.6 million. A rescue plan was announced in February of 1989. Bishop Wuerl announced that $1.1 million owed to the diocese for insurance and the Parish Share Program would be forgiven. Indebted parishes would be given low-interest loans to refinance their other obligations.
Despite the financial condition of the diocese, Bishop Wuerl decided to expand health services. His predecessor had closed a clinic that taught natural family planning after it was criticized for working too closely with secular family-planning groups. Bishop Wuerl created a natural family planning advisory board that created a program of medical education hosted at Catholic hospitals. Bishop Wuerl worked with hospitals and community groups to create a group home for people suffering from AIDS. This was done when AIDS was little understood and almost always fatal. In 2003, Bishop Wuerl conducted a successful $2.5 million fundraising campaign to create the Catholic Charities Free Health Care Center. The clinic primarily serves the uninsured working poor.
Bishop Wuerl worked to regain control over a hospital that was founded by the Sisters of St. Francis of Millvale. The sisters had signed over control of the hospital to its lay board, severing any formal link with the Catholic Church. The lay board strongly resisted returning control to the sisters but ultimately acquiesced.
Under Bishop Wuerl, the diocese had to reorganize itself in response to demographic changes, the decline of the steel industry, and the church's weak financial position. That process was officially terminated in March 1994. The number of parishes had been reduced to 56 from 163. The number of church buildings fell from 332 to 294. The number of weekend masses was reduced from 835 to 573.
Under Bishop Wuerl, the diocese began to emphasize placing women into positions of responsibility and authority. Rosemarie Cibik, a former superintendent of public instruction, became the first lay superintendent of Catholic schools in Pittsburgh. Rita Joyce, a canon and civil lawyer, became the first lay member of the diocesan marriage tribunal. Sister Margaret Hannan was appointed to the position of associate general secretary of the diocese. Later she rose to the position of chancellor, the highest canonical post that can be occupied by one who is not ordained.
In 2012, the Pittsburgh diocese was the first of 42 Catholic groups to file 12 federal lawsuits against the Obama administration for implementing a regulation that would force them to facilitate access to contraceptives and other medical products whose use violates church teaching. Speaking of the regulation Bishop Zubik said, “The mandate would require the Catholic Church as an employer to violate its fundamental beliefs concerning human life and human dignity ..." These cases were consolidated and made it to the Supreme Court as Zubik v. Burwell.
As of May 2018, the diocese was preparing to consolidate its 188 parishes into 57 multi-parish groups. The integration process will formally begin in October 2018 and will last two to five years. The multi-parish groups will consist of two to seven nearby churches. A pastor-led team for each group will serve the needs of its parishes during consolidation. As the parish communities are consolidated, they will be combined into new parishes. The bishop will receive three suggested names for each new parish and detailed recommendations on how parish programs should be individually tailored.
As of 2018, it was the practice of the diocese to hold a twice-yearly "The Light is On For You" campaign to help Catholics who have lost connection to the church to return to the sacrament. The campaign reaches out to Catholics who have not been to confession for years and makes it as convenient as possible for them to return. During the campaign confession is available at all churches for extended hours.
Bishops of Pittsburgh
- Michael O'Connor (1843-1853), appointed Bishop of Erie
- Michael O'Connor (1853-1860)
- Michael Domenec (1860-1876), appointed Bishop of Allegheny
- John Tuigg (1876-1889)
- Richard Phelan (1889-1904)
- Regis Canevin (1904-1921), appointed Archbishop (ad personam) in 1921
- Hugh Boyle (1921-1950)
- John Dearden (1950-1958), appointed Archbishop of Detroit (elevated to Cardinal in 1969)
- John Wright (1959-1969), appointed Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy (elevated to Cardinal in 1969)
- Vincent Leonard (1969-1983)
- Anthony Bevilacqua (1983-1987), appointed Archbishop of Philadelphia (elevated to Cardinal in 1991)
- Donald Wuerl (1988-2006), appointed Archbishop of Washington (elevated to Cardinal in 2010)
- David Zubik (2007-present)
- Richard Phelan (1885-1889)
- Regis Canevin (1903-1904)
- John Dearden (1948-1950)
- Coleman F. Carroll (1953-1958), appointed Bishop and later Archbishop of Miami
- Vincent Martin Leonard (1964-1969), appointed Bishop of Pittsburgh
- John Bernard McDowell (1966-1996)
- Anthony G. Bosco (1970-1987), appointed Bishop of Greensburg
- William J. Winter (1989-2005)
- Thomas J. Tobin (1992-1996), appointed Bishop of Youngstown and later appointed Bishop of Providence
- David Zubik (1997-2003), appointed Bishop of Green Bay and later Bishop of Pittsburgh
- Paul J. Bradley (2004-2009), appointed Bishop of Kalamazoo
- William J. Waltersheid (2011-present)
Other bishops who once were priests of the Diocese of Pittsburgh
The following men began their service as priests in Pittsburgh before being appointed bishops elsewhere:
- Edward J. Burns, appointed Bishop of Juneau and later Bishop of Dallas
- Coleman F. Carroll, appointed ArchBishop of Archbishop of Miami
- Howard Joseph Carroll, appointed Bishop of Altoona
- William G. Connare, appointed Bishop of Greensburg
- Nicholas C. Dattilo, appointed Bishop of Harrisburg
- Daniel DiNardo, appointed Coadjutor Bishop and Bishop of Sioux City and later Coadjutor Bishop, Coadjutor Archbishop, and Archbishop of Galveston-Houston (elevated to Cardinal in 2007)
- Norbert Felix Gaughan, appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Greensburg and later Bishop of Gary
- Jerome Daniel Hannan, appointed Bishop of Scranton
- Ralph Leo Hayes, appointed Bishop of Helena and later Rector of the Pontifical North American College and Bishop of Davenport
- Bernard A. Hebda, appointed Bishop of Gaylord and later Coadjutor Archbishop of Newark and Archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis
- Adam J. Maida, appointed Bishop of Green Bay and later Archbishop of Detroit (elevated to Cardinal on 1994)
- Tobias Mullen, appointed Bishop of Erie
- James O'Connor, appointed Bishop of Omaha
The Diocese of Pittsburgh's elementary and secondary schools educate approximately 17,000 students and employ nearly 1,500 teachers, making its school system the fourth largest in Pennsylvania. As of March 2018, the Catholic school system in the diocese operates 69 elementary, pre-K and special schools. The diocese says that enrollment in its school system has fallen by 50 percent since 2000.
In March 2018, the diocese announced the merger of two elementary schools and the closure of one school. Saint Rosalia Academy in Greenfield was closed at the end of the academic year. The closure was endorsed by the Pittsburgh-East Regional Catholic Elementary Schools Advisory Board. North American Martyrs School and the Saint Bernadette School, both K-8 institutions in Monroeville, will merge at the start of the 2018-2019 school year. Bishop Zubik has said the new school would be known as the Divine Mercy Academy.
- Bishop Canevin High School, Pittsburgh
- Central Catholic High School, Pittsburgh
- Cardinal Wuerl North Catholic High School, Cranberry Township
- Oakland Catholic High School, Pittsburgh
- Quigley Catholic High School, Baden
- Serra Catholic High School, McKeesport
- Seton-La Salle Catholic High School, Mt. Lebanon
- St. Joseph High School, Harrison Township
Private or Independent
- Aquinas Academy, Hampton Township
- Our Lady of the Sacred Heart High School, Moon Township
- Vincentian Academy, McCandless Township
Three Catholic colleges and universities operate within the diocese: Duquesne University, Carlow University, and La Roche College. While affiliated with the Catholic Church, they only receive indirect support from the diocese, such as tuition support for students who previously studied at Catholic grade schools or high schools.
Every year the diocese holds the Medallion Ball, a debutante ball, that honors young women who perform at least 100 hours of eligible volunteer work. The proceeds from the event benefit St. Lucy's Auxiliary to the Blind. In 2002, a Joan of Arc Medallion was awarded to a young woman with Down's Syndrome who had volunteered as a teacher's assistant. In 2013, a medallion winner was legally blind and had volunteered with a therapeutic horseback-riding program. It is common for attendees to perform more than 800 hours of volunteer work.
Sexual abuse cases
Anthony Cipolla was ordained in 1972. In 1978, he was charged with sexual abuse of a 9-year-old boy; these charges were dropped by the mother, who said she was pressured to do so by Bishop Vincent Leonard. In 1988 new charges were brought by Tim Bendig who said that Cipolla abused him from around 1981 to 1986; this case was settled in 1993, over Cipolla's objections. Cipolla consistently said that he never abused anyone. In 1988, the diocese, by then under the leadership of Bishop Wuerl, banned Cipolla from ministry and from identifying himself as a priest; Cipolla appealed to the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the Vatican’s highest court, which ordered Bishop Wuerl to return him to ministry. Bishop Wuerl asked the court to reconsider the case on the grounds that its decision showed a lack of awareness of crucial facts such as a civil lawsuit and Cipolla's 1978 arrest for sexually abusing another boy. The court reversed its ruling in 1995 and upheld Cipolla's ban. Cipolla nonetheless continued to minister to the public forcing the diocese to make several public statements that Cipolla was not in good standing. In 2002, Cipolla was laicized by the pope.
Just months after becoming Pittsburgh's bishop in 1988, Bishop Wuerl rejected legal advice to meet with victims of sexual abuse. After seeing the damage inflicted upon their lives and faith, Wuerl implemented a "zero tolerance" policy against sexual abuse. The Diocese of Pittsburgh was among the first Catholic authorities to seriously address sexual abuse. Carefully preparing candidates for the priesthood for a life of celibacy was a key part of Wuerl's reforms.
At the time of Wuerl's appointment to Pittsburgh, three priests were on administrative leave for molesting two brothers. Their parents originally asked for the priests to be removed from ministry but pressed criminal and civil charges after reflecting on their moral duty to protect others. Bishop Wuerl's advisors unanimously suggested that he not visit the family. Bishop Wuerl decided that it was his duty to minister to their pain. Wuerl said, "The lawyers could talk to one another, but I wasn't ordained to oversee a legal structure. As their bishop I was responsible for the Church's care of that family, and the only way I could do that was to go see them." Father Zubik accompanied him to this meeting. The diocese settled the civil suit, and two of the priests in question were sentenced to prison. They were never allowed to return to ministry. Charges against the third priest were impossible due to the statute of limitations. This priest was forced to retire and forbidden to say mass for anyone by nuns in the convent he was assigned to live in.
Bishop Wuerl called a mandatory meeting to inform all priests that sexual contact with a minor was not merely a sin that could be forgiven, but a crime that would result in permanent removal from the ministry and maybe prison. Priests were instructed to report any allegation of sexual abuse committed by a priest or church employee to the chancery.
The diocese created the Diocesan Review Board in 1989 to offer evaluations and recommendations to the bishop on the handling of all sexual abuse cases.
It is the policy of the Diocese of Pittsburgh to refer all allegations of child sexual abuse to law enforcement regardless of their credibility. Credible allegations of sexual abuse result in immediate removal from ministry. By direction of Bishop Wuerl, the diocese has had an internal policy on sexual misconduct since 1989. This policy was formalized in 1993, updated in 2002, and updated again in 2003.
Bishop Zubik handed off the case of Rev. David Dzermejko to the Vatican after a diocese review board found that allegations of child sexual abuse against Dzermejko were credible. Dzermejko was removed as pastor of Mary, Mother of the Church in Charleroi in June 2009 after a couple informed the diocese that he had sexually abused their son. Another man came forward to say that Dzermejko had abused him as a child. Dzermejko was removed within 48 hours of the diocese receiving the first allegation.
Grand jury investigation
In early 2016, a grand jury investigation, led by Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro, began an inquiry into sexual abuse by Catholic clergy in six Pennsylvania dioceses: Pittsburgh, Allentown, Scranton, Harrisburg, Greensburg, and Erie. The Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown and the Archdiocese of Philadelphia were not included, as they had been the subjects of earlier investigations. Numerous appeals to the state supreme court raised constitutional issues such as due process, fairness, deprivation of the right to personal reputation protected by the state constitution, and the inability of many named members of the Catholic clergy to defend themselves against accusations presented in the reports.
On August 5, 2018, Pittsburgh Bishop David Zubik sent letters confirming the Diocese of Pittsburgh would cooperate with the Pennsylvania Supreme Court order and release the list of clergy accused of sex abuse when the grand jury report is made public. The letters were read during mass across the six-county diocese. In his letter, Bishop Zubik noted that the diocese implemented policies to deal with sexual abuse 30 years ago. Clergy, church employees, and volunteers are all required to go through sexual abuse training programs and criminal background checks. Zubik also noted that 90 percent of all the allegations in the report related to the diocese of Pittsburgh occurred before 1990. The grand jury report was released on August 14. A total of 99 priests listed in the grand jury report served in the Diocese of Pittsburgh.
The report also stated that some priests in the Diocese of Pittsburgh ran a child porn ring in the 1970s and 1980s and also "used whips, violence and sadism in raping their victims." The children who were sexually molested and had their pictures taken for the child porn ring were given gold crosses so they would be recognized by other abusive priests who sought to use them.
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- Hill, William (June 30, 2008). "Parish eucharistic adoration to highlight Year of St. Paul". Pittsburgh Catholic. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
St. Paul is our secondary patron with Mary, under the title of her Immaculate Conception, being our primary patroness.
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- Kurutz, Daveen Rae. "Bishop Zubik Pittsburgh Diocese will name clergy accused of sex abuse". The Times. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- Glenn, Francis A. (1993). Shepherds of the Faith 1843–1993: A Brief History of the Bishops of the Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh. ISBN none.
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh Official Site
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pittsburgh". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.