Route 1 (Iceland)
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|Length:||1,332 km (828 mi)|
|National Roads in Iceland|
Route 1 or the Ring Road (Icelandic: Þjóðvegur 1 or Hringvegur) is a national road in Iceland that runs around the island and connects most of the inhabited parts of the country. The total length of the road is 1,332 kilometres (828 mi). Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Iceland, such as the Seljalandsfoss and Skógafoss waterfalls, Dyrhólaey and the Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon, are by the Ring Road.
For almost all its length, the road is two lanes wide: one lane going in each direction. Where it passes through larger towns, the number of lanes may be increased, as it also is in the Hvalfjörður Tunnel. Many smaller bridges are single lane, especially in eastern Iceland, and are constructed of wood or steel. The road is paved with asphalt for most of its length, but there are still stretches in eastern Iceland with unpaved gravel surfaces. The Iceland Road Administration, Vegagerðin, oversees the maintenance and building of both main roads and minor roads.
Some portions of the road are still original 1940s country roads, and contain potential hazards such as blind curves and blind summits, single lane bridges or narrow passes. In winter, icy roads and strong winds, 15 m/s for cars with trailers, 25 m/s for cars without trailers, can make travel hazardous. Currently, 32 km out of the 1,332 km are unpaved.
The maximum speed on most of the road is 90 kilometres per hour (56 mph), and 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph) on gravel.
Driving in winter
Most of Route 1 is kept open over the winter, due to snow removal, but some parts are closed: most notably the route between Breiðdalsvík and Egilsstaðir in the east; although it is open in spring, summer and autumn. Instead, travelers use the somewhat sinuous coastal route via Reyðarfjörður, using Routes 96 and 92 to travel between the towns.
Route 1 crosses a few glacial plains, such as Skeiðarársandur, which made the original road construction difficult. In addition, the Skeiðarársandur plain is subject to frequent glacial floods during or after eruptions on the nearby Grímsvötn volcano. Bridges and other stretches of road over the plain have had to be rebuilt as a result.
Traffic levels on the road vary considerably between locations: in and near Reykjavík around 5,000–10,000 vehicles use the road daily, but the stretches farthest away from larger towns see an average of fewer than 100 vehicles per day.
The Ring Road is popular with tourists since it covers most of the country and many sights of interest are located near to the route. It has long been a popular tour with Icelandic families going on summer vacation, but in recent years the route is becoming more popular with foreign tourists who either rent a car or bring their own on the ferry to Seyðisfjörður.
The route goes by many names depending on its location. The following table shows road names (excluding tunnels) in a clockwise direction from Reykjavík.
|Vesturlandsvegur||Eastern Reykjavík to Borgarnes|
|Hringvegur||Borgarnes to northern Akureyri|
|Hringvegur||Southern Akureyri to the turning for Höfn|
|Suðurlandsvegur||Höfn to Hella|
|Suðurlandsbraut||From Hella to Selfoss|
|Suðurlandsvegur||From Selfoss to eastern Reykjavík|
Route 1 includes a number of bridges and a few tunnels. The most notable are:
List of cities and towns on Route 1
Travelling clockwise (initially northward) from Reykjavík, the following communities and settlements are located on Route 1.
- Vík í Mýrdal (Vík)
- "Vegalengdir (Distances between places)" (in Icelandic). Icelandic Road Administration. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Best Attractions by the Ring Road of Iceland". Guide to Iceland.
- "Iceland: Milestones in Icelandic History". Iceland.vefur.is. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- The Road System - 2012. Icelandic Road Administration, ICERA.
- "Mokstursdagar" (in Icelandic). Icelandic Road Administration. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hringvegur.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Route 1-Ring Road.|
- Gateway to Iceland
- Official Icelandic Road Administration
- Driving in Iceland
- Photos from Iceland Ring Road
- Iceland’s Ring Road: The Ultimate Road Trip
- Iceland Meteorology Bureau
- Umferðarstofa - Road Traffic Directorate
- Gateway to Iceland
- The Many Reasons Why the Ring Road is the Best Option for Your Travel Plans to Iceland
- Wikimedia Atlas of Iceland