Hvolsvöllur

Coordinates: 63°45′N 20°14′W / 63.750°N 20.233°W / 63.750; -20.233
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hvolsvöllur
Town
Coat of arms of Hvolsvöllur
Location of the Municipality of Rangárþing eystra
Location of the Municipality of Rangárþing eystra
Hvolsvöllur is located in Iceland
Hvolsvöllur
Hvolsvöllur
Location in Iceland
Coordinates: 63°45′N 20°14′W / 63.750°N 20.233°W / 63.750; -20.233
Country Iceland
ConstituencySouth Constituency
RegionSouthern Region
MunicipalityRangárþing eystra
First settled2nd of September 1933
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorAnton Kári Halldórsson
Population
 (2023)
 • Total1,108
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Postal code
860
Websitewww.hvolsvollur.is
Gas station in Hvolsvöllur
Farm building near Hvolsvöllur

Hvolsvöllur (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈkʰvɔlsˌvœtlʏr̥, ˈxʷɔls-]) is a town in the south of Iceland about 106 km to the east of Reykjavík.[1]

Overview[edit]

The name of the town literally translates to "Hillfield". Hvoll [ˈkʰvɔtl̥, ˈxʷɔtl̥] (hvols [ˈkʰvɔls, ˈxʷɔls] in the genitive case) is an archaic form of the modern Icelandic word hóll [ˈhoutl̥], meaning "hill", and völlur [ˈvœtlʏr̥] means "field". The name is derived from the name of the historic farm Stórólfshvoll ([ˈstouːroul(f)sˌkʰvɔtl̥, -ˌxʷɔtl̥], "Stórólfur's hill").[2]

The town of Hvolsvöllur has a population of 1,108 inhabitants. Around 900 people live the wider municipality (surrounding rural area).[3]

The Ring Road (Route 1) passes through the town. 30 km east of Hvolsvöllur is the recently constructed port of Landeyjahöfn, where the ferry to Vestmannaeyjar (Westman Islands) operates from.[4] Hvolsvöllur is notable in that it is one of the only Icelandic towns which is not situated on the coast or by a river.

The town's economy is largely based on the service and tourism industry. It is an important service point for travellers and the local rural population serving large part of southern Iceland, the next town being Vík, 80 km to the east. The largest single employer in the area is Sláturfélag Suðurlands (SS), which has a large meat processing plant in the town - it notably manufactures the Icelandic SS hot dog.[5]

The town has a kindergarten and primary school, as well as a sports centre housing an outdoor swimming pool.[6] The town has a geothermal district heating system, operated since 1981 using a 95 °C geothermal borehole from Laugaland. The transmission pipe from the borehole to the town is 23 km long. The same system also serves Hella as well as the surrounding rural area and is currently owned by Orkuveita Reykjavíkur.[7]

In 2010, the volcanic eruptions at Eyjafjallajökull caused evacuations in the surrounding area, with people being relocated to Hvolsvöllur, where Red Cross mass care centres had been set up.[8]

Points of Interest[edit]

The area is the scene of a well-known saga of Iceland, Njál's saga. Hvolsvöllur has a Saga Centre dedicated to this and other Icelandic sagas. The town also houses the LAVA Museum which focusus on Iceland's volcanic and geological history.[9]

Stórólfshvolskirkja [ˈstouːroul(f)sˌkʰvɔlsˌcʰɪr̥ca, -ˌxʷɔls-] is a Protestant church in Hvolsvöllur. It was built in 1930 and can seat 120 people. The interior was painted in 1955. Above the altar there is a painting by Þórarin B. Þorláksson, an Icelandic painter, dating from 1914 which shows Jesus blessing the children.[10]

At the centre of the town is a 45m tall telecommunications tower, erected in 1976 and operated by Míla.[11][12] In 2022 the tower was fitted with christmas lights, which were lit up during the winter, claiming to be the 'tallest christmas lights in Iceland'.[13]

Climate[edit]

Similar to the rest of the southern coast of Iceland, Hvolsvöllur has a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfc) with cool summers and cold winters, although relatively mild for its high latitude. Precipitation is abundant year round, with October usually seeing the most precipitation.

Climate data for Sámsstaðir, 6 km (3.7 mi) from Hvolsvöllur (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
12.0
(53.6)
17.9
(64.2)
15.4
(59.7)
22.1
(71.8)
21.5
(70.7)
24.0
(75.2)
22.1
(71.8)
20.2
(68.4)
15.9
(60.6)
12.2
(54.0)
10.8
(51.4)
24.0
(75.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
3.0
(37.4)
3.6
(38.5)
6.5
(43.7)
10.3
(50.5)
12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
13.8
(56.8)
10.7
(51.3)
7.3
(45.1)
3.5
(38.3)
2.4
(36.3)
7.5
(45.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
0.5
(32.9)
0.8
(33.4)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
9.4
(48.9)
11.0
(51.8)
10.5
(50.9)
7.4
(45.3)
4.5
(40.1)
1.1
(34.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.6
(40.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
−2.1
(28.2)
0.2
(32.4)
3.4
(38.1)
6.3
(43.3)
7.9
(46.2)
7.4
(45.3)
4.6
(40.3)
1.9
(35.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.6
(34.9)
Record low °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−17.0
(1.4)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−8.0
(17.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.1
(24.6)
−12.5
(9.5)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−19.2
(−2.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 110.8
(4.36)
112.3
(4.42)
113.3
(4.46)
91.7
(3.61)
68.6
(2.70)
85.8
(3.38)
85.7
(3.37)
105.7
(4.16)
102.4
(4.03)
128.3
(5.05)
113.0
(4.45)
119.8
(4.72)
1,237.2
(48.71)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.5 16.1 17.7 15.8 14.9 16.3 16.4 16.9 16.8 18.5 15.5 17.4 199.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 28.2 50.8 99.0 138.2 175.4 151.1 159.0 145.1 120.6 80.1 43.5 16.9 1,207.9
Source 1: Icelandic Met Office (monthly sunshine hours 1963-92) [14]
Source 2: Icelandic Met Office (monthly precipitation days for Bjóla-12 km (7.5 mi) from Hvolsvöllur) [15]

Sports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.south.is/en/inspiration/towns/hvolsvollur[dead link]
  2. ^ Rangarþing Eystra. "Sögu bæjar og mannlífs í Hvolsvelli" (PDF).
  3. ^ Hvolsvöllur. "Íbúafjöldi í tölum". Hvolsvöllur (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  4. ^ "Ferry to Westman Islands - Ferry from Landeyjahöfn". Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  5. ^ Hvolsvöllur. "Kjötvinnsla Sláturfélags Suðurlands á Hvolsvelli í 30 ár". Hvolsvöllur (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  6. ^ Hvolsvöllur. "Afþreying". Visit Hvolsvöllur (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  7. ^ "Sveitarstjórnarmál - 2. tölublað (01.04.1983) - Tímarit.is". timarit.is. Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  8. ^ "Hundreds evacuated after Icelandic volcano erupts, first since 1823". Thaindian News. 2010-03-21. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
  9. ^ Iceland, South. "HVOLSVÖLLUR". Visit South Iceland. Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  10. ^ "Stórólfshvolskirkja". Archived from the original on 2014-11-08.
  11. ^ "Dagblaðið - 97. tölublað (05.05.1976) - Tímarit.is". timarit.is. Retrieved 2023-06-23.
  12. ^ "Vísir - 210. Tölublað (14.09.1967) - Tímarit.is". timarit.is. Retrieved 2023-06-23.
  13. ^ "Hvolsvellingar gera tilkall til hæstu skreytingarinnar - RÚV.is". RÚV. 2022-12-09. Retrieved 2023-08-03.
  14. ^ "Sámsstaðir Monthly Climatological Data". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  15. ^ "1961-90 Climate Averages for Bjóla". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 25 April 2021.

63°45′N 20°14′W / 63.750°N 20.233°W / 63.750; -20.233