Hveragerði

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Hveragerðisbær
View from Hellisheiði down over Hveragerði
View from Hellisheiði down over Hveragerði
Coat of arms of Hveragerðisbær
Location of Hveragerðisbær
Location of Hveragerðisbær
Hveragerðisbær is located in Iceland
Hveragerðisbær
Hveragerðisbær
Coordinates: 63°59′57″N 21°12′24″W / 63.9992211°N 21.2065315°W / 63.9992211; -21.2065315Coordinates: 63°59′57″N 21°12′24″W / 63.9992211°N 21.2065315°W / 63.9992211; -21.2065315
CountryIceland
RegionSouthern Region
ConstituencySouth Constituency
Government
 • ManagerAldís Hafsteinsdóttir
Area
 • Total9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population
 • Total2,657
 • Density295.22/km2 (764.6/sq mi)
Postal code(s)
810
Municipal number8716
Websitehveragerdi.is/English
Hot springs in Hveragerði near river Varmá
Greenhouses in Hveragerði
Hot spring area Leirgerður, lively again since 2008

Hveragerði (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈkʰvɛːraˌcɛrðɪ, ˈxʷɛː-], "hot-spring yard") is a town and municipality in the south of Iceland, 45 km east of Reykjavík on Iceland's main ringroad, Route 1. The river Varmá runs through the town.

Overview[edit]

The surrounding area is part of the Hengill central volcano, and is geothermally active and experiences very frequent (usually minor) earthquakes. The town is known for its greenhouses, which are heated by hot water from volcanic hot springs. The first greenhouse was built in 1923.[1] These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments. Close to the church is a hot spring called Sandhólshver ([ˈsantˌhoulsˌkʰvɛːr̥, -xʷɛːr̥], "sand hill hot-spring"), formed during the violent South Iceland earthquake of 1896. A fenced-off geothermal area in the town has numerous hot springs and fumaroles.

Hveragerði contains a number of greenhouses and is a hotbed for Icelandic horticulture.

To the south of Hveragerði, there is the small port of Þorlákshöfn, winter point of departure for the ferry to the Westman Islands.

History[edit]

Water from hot springs has been used for heating in this area since 1929.[2] Hveragerði had 121 inhabitants in 1940 and 399 in 1946.[3] Hveragerði was awarded municipal status (kaupstaðuréttindi) on 1 July 1987.[4] In 1989 the town had 1.593 inhabitants.[5] On 29 May 2008 30 people were injured and many buildings in Hveragerði and its surroundings were damaged by an earthquake (6.3 on the Richter magnitude scale).

Buildings and Culture[edit]

Hveragerðiskirkja, a modern Protestant church, was built 1967–72.[6] Listasafn Árnesinga is a museum of arts founded in 1963 where about 500 pieces of art are exhibited.[7] The exhibition Skjálftinn 2008 in Sunnumörk shopping centre refers to the earthquake of 2008.[8] There is also a swimming pool there called Laugasgarður which is the largest one in Iceland tied with Laugardalslaug which has too 50 m long swimming pools.

Parks[edit]

Hveragarðurinn is a park with various hot springs and fumaroles and information boards providing explanations on the occurrence.[9] In Lystigarðurinn Fossflöt, a park which was founded in 1983, a hydroelectric power station can be visited which was built as early as 1902 beside the waterfall Reykjafoss.[10]

Sport[edit]

The local football club is Hamar, who play in Iceland's fourth tier.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Hveragerði is twinned with:[11]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Reykir í Ölfusi (1981–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
9.0
(48.2)
8.6
(47.5)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.3
(73.9)
21.0
(69.8)
18.5
(65.3)
13.0
(55.4)
10.9
(51.6)
10.5
(50.9)
24.0
(75.2)
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
2.2
(36.0)
2.2
(36.0)
5.0
(41.0)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54.0)
14.0
(57.2)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
6.3
(43.3)
3.8
(38.8)
2.4
(36.3)
6.9
(44.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
-0.0
(32.0)
2.2
(36.0)
6.2
(43.2)
9.0
(48.2)
10.8
(51.4)
10.3
(50.5)
7.6
(45.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.8
(35.2)
0.1
(32.2)
4.3
(39.8)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.8
(38.8)
6.7
(44.1)
8.6
(47.5)
8.3
(46.9)
5.4
(41.7)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.0
(35.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−14.9
(5.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.1
(35.8)
0.9
(33.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
−7.1
(19.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−13.7
(7.3)
−14.9
(5.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 138.5
(5.45)
139.6
(5.50)
145.6
(5.73)
110.0
(4.33)
127.0
(5.00)
112.7
(4.44)
141.5
(5.57)
159.1
(6.26)
137.8
(5.43)
149.3
(5.88)
133.1
(5.24)
146.2
(5.76)
1,640.4
(64.59)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 18.2 46.4 100.8 147.5 159.0 150.8 142.3 125.2 112.2 81.3 40.3 14.1 1,138.1
Source: Icelandic Met Office[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ove Lind: Island, p. 190. Stockholm 1972.
  2. ^ Sveinn Þórðarson og Þorgils Jónasson: „Um hitaveitur á Íslandi“, p. 24
  3. ^ Sveinn Þórðarson og Þorgils Jónasson: „Um hitaveitur á Íslandi“, p. 25
  4. ^ Vilhelm G. Kristinsson: Íslensk Samtíð, p. 193. Reykjavík 1990
  5. ^ Vilhelm G. Kristinsson: Íslensk Samtíð, p. 192. Reykjavík 1990
  6. ^ "Hveragerðiskirkja - NAT ferðavísir". 27 May 2020.
  7. ^ https://listasafnarnesinga.is/
  8. ^ "Skjálftinn 2008".
  9. ^ "Hveragarðurinn".
  10. ^ "Lystigarðurinn Fossflöt".
  11. ^ "Vinabæir". hveragerdi.is (in Icelandic). Hveragerði. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  12. ^ "Climate Averages for Reykir í Ölfusi". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 7 June 2016.

External links[edit]