Hveragerði

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Hveragerðisbær
View from Hellisheiði down over Hveragerði
View from Hellisheiði down over Hveragerði
Coat of arms of Hveragerðisbær
Coat of arms
Location of Hveragerðisbær
Location of Hveragerðisbær
Hveragerðisbær is located in Iceland
Hveragerðisbær
Hveragerðisbær
Location of Hveragerðisbær
Coordinates: 63°59′57″N 21°12′24″W / 63.9992211°N 21.2065315°W / 63.9992211; -21.2065315Coordinates: 63°59′57″N 21°12′24″W / 63.9992211°N 21.2065315°W / 63.9992211; -21.2065315
CountryIceland
RegionSouthern Region
ConstituencySouth Constituency
Government
 • ManagerAldís Hafsteinsdóttir
Area
 • Total9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population
 • Total2,657
 • Density295.22/km2 (764.6/sq mi)
Postal code(s)
810
Municipal number8716
Websitehveragerdi.is/English
Hot springs in Hveragerði near river Varmá
Greenhouses in Hveragerði
Hot spring area Leirgerður, lively again since 2008

Hveragerði (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈkʰvɛːraˌcɛrðɪ, ˈxʷɛː-], "hot-springs enclosed-field") is a town and municipality in the south of Iceland, 45 km east of Reykjavík on Iceland's main ringroad, Route 1. The river Varmá runs through the town.

Overview[edit]

The surrounding area is part of the Hengill central volcano, and is geothermally active and experiences very frequent (usually minor) earthquakes. The town is known for its greenhouses, which are heated by hot water from volcanic hot springs. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments. Close to the church is a hot spring called Sandhólshver ([ˈsantˌhoulsˌkʰvɛːr̥, -xʷɛːr̥], "sand hill hot-spring"), formed during the violent South Iceland earthquake of 1896. A fenced-off geothermal area in the town has numerous hot springs and fumaroles.

Hveragerði contains a number of greenhouses and is a hotbed for Icelandic horticulture.

To the south of Hveragerði, there is the small port of Þorlákshöfn, winter point of departure for the ferry to the Westman Islands.

Sport[edit]

The local football club is Hamar, who play in Iceland's fourth tier.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Hveragerði is twinned with:[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Reykir í Ölfusi (1981–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
9.0
(48.2)
8.6
(47.5)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.3
(73.9)
21.0
(69.8)
18.5
(65.3)
13.0
(55.4)
10.9
(51.6)
10.5
(50.9)
24.0
(75.2)
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
2.2
(36.0)
2.2
(36.0)
5.0
(41.0)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54.0)
14.0
(57.2)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
6.3
(43.3)
3.8
(38.8)
2.4
(36.3)
6.9
(44.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
-0.0
(32.0)
2.2
(36.0)
6.2
(43.2)
9.0
(48.2)
10.8
(51.4)
10.3
(50.5)
7.6
(45.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.8
(35.2)
0.1
(32.2)
4.3
(39.8)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.8
(38.8)
6.7
(44.1)
8.6
(47.5)
8.3
(46.9)
5.4
(41.7)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.0
(35.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−14.9
(5.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.1
(35.8)
0.9
(33.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
−7.1
(19.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−13.7
(7.3)
−14.9
(5.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 138.5
(5.45)
139.6
(5.50)
145.6
(5.73)
110.0
(4.33)
127.0
(5.00)
112.7
(4.44)
141.5
(5.57)
159.1
(6.26)
137.8
(5.43)
149.3
(5.88)
133.1
(5.24)
146.2
(5.76)
1,640.4
(64.59)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 18.2 46.4 100.8 147.5 159.0 150.8 142.3 125.2 112.2 81.3 40.3 14.1 1,138.1
Source: Icelandic Met Office[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vinabæir". hveragerdi.is (in Icelandic). Hveragerði. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  2. ^ "Climate Averages for Reykir í Ölfusi". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 7 June 2016.

External links[edit]