Coordinates: 65°41′N 18°06′W / 65.683°N 18.100°W / 65.683; -18.100
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An aerial view of downtown Akureyri
An aerial view of downtown Akureyri
Coat of arms of Akureyri
Location of the Akureyri Municipality
Location of the Akureyri Municipality
RegionNortheastern Region
ConstituencyNortheast Constituency
 • MayorÁsthildur Sturludóttir
 • Total138 km2 (53 sq mi)
 • Total19,219
 • Density131.82/km2 (341.4/sq mi)
Postal code(s)
600, 601, 602, 603, 611, 630
Municipal number6000

Akureyri ([ˈaːkʏrˌeiːrɪ], locally [ˈaːkʰʏrˌeiːrɪ] ) is a town in northern Iceland. Akureyrarbær [-ˌeiːrarˌpaiːr̥] ("town of Akureyri") is Iceland's fifth most populous municipality and the largest outside the Capital Region. The municipality includes the town's neighbourhood at the head of Eyjafjörður and two farther islands: Hrísey at the mouth of Eyjafjörður and Grímsey off the coast.

Nicknamed the "Capital of North Iceland", Akureyri is an important port and fishing centre. The area where Akureyri is located was settled in the 9th century, but did not receive a municipal charter until 1786.[2] Allied units were based in the town during World War II. Further growth occurred after the war as the Icelandic population increasingly moved to urban areas.

The area has a relatively mild climate because of geographical factors, and the town's ice-free harbour has played a significant role in its history.


Akureyri in the late 19th century

The Norse Viking Helgi magri (the slim) Eyvindarson originally settled the area in the 9th century. The first mention of Akureyri is in court records from 1562, when a woman was sentenced there for adultery.[3] In the 17th century, Danish merchants based their camps at the current site of Akureyri, which was one of the numerous spits of land in Pollurinn. The main reasons for choosing this spot for trading operations were the outstanding natural harbour and the fertility of the area. The merchants did not live at Akureyri year-round, but returned home in the winter.[2]

Permanent settlement at Akureyri started in 1778,[3] and eight years later, the town was granted its municipal charter by the king Christian VII, along with five other towns in Iceland. The king hoped to improve the living conditions of Icelanders by this action, because at the time, Iceland had never had urban areas. As far as the king was concerned, Akureyri was unsuccessful, because it did not grow from its population of 12. It lost its municipal status in 1836, but regained it in 1862. From then on, Akueyri grew because of the excellent port conditions and perhaps more because of the productive agricultural region around it. Agricultural products became an important sector of the economy.[4]

Akureyri, with Hlíðarfjall behind, viewed from the eastern shore of Eyjafjörður, morning November 2007

During World War II, Akureyri was one of three air bases used by the Norwegian-British No. 330 Squadron RNoAF.[5] The squadron, which was formed on 25 April 1941, flew Northrop N-3PB bombers: 'A' flight was based at RAF Reykjavik, 'B' flight at Akureyri and 'C' flight at Budareyri (Reyðarfjörður now).[5] On 1 December 1940, 'A' and 'B' flights ceased operating from Norwegian bases, but 'C' flight continued to fly Northrop N-3PBs from Akureyri until 5 April 1943.[5] No. 330 Squadron RNoAF also operated Catalina flying boats from Akureyri, which protected convoys between the United States, the United Kingdom, and Murmansk in northern Russia from attack by German submarines.[5][6] Under the German plan for invasion of Iceland, Operation Ikarus, Akureyri was scheduled as one of two ports at which the Germans were to land and disembark.[7]

In the 20th century, Iceland experienced an exodus from the countryside to the towns.[8] Commerce and service industries grew to be the primary employers in Akureyri in the 1990s.[4] Jón Sveinsson, a popular author of children's books, was born in Akureyri and died in 1944.[9]

In the early 21st century, fishing industries have become more important in Akureyri as two of the major fishing companies of Iceland have become a more important source of revenue and are expected to grow further in coming years. The University of Akureyri was founded in 1987 and is growing rapidly.

Since 2004, the former municipality of Hrísey, an island 35 km (22 mi) to the north, has been a part of Akureyri.[10] Hrísey, which has a population of 210, is the second-largest island off Iceland and is a site for pet and livestock quarantine. The settlement was previously the site of fishing processing.[11] The town is located on the southern part of the island.[11] The northern part consists of privately owned land that requires passes to enter.[11]

Aerial panorama of Akureyri, taken in June 2017


The Glerá River

Akureyri is located at 65°41′N 18°06′W / 65.683°N 18.100°W / 65.683; -18.100 and positioned on the west side of the inland end of the fjord Eyjafjörður.

It is surrounded by mountains, the highest being Strýta [ˈstriːta] (1,451 m (4,760 ft)); 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) to the west) and Kerling [ˈcʰɛ(r)tliŋk] (1,538 m (5,046 ft)) at the head of Glerádalur [ˈklɛːrˌauːˌtaːlʏr̥], 15 km (9.3 mi) to the southwest. It has a narrow coastal strip of flat land; inland is a steep but low hill. In earlier times, a few spits of land (Icelandic: eyri, thus Akur-eyri) jutted from the narrow coast, but much land has since been reclaimed from the sea, so that today the coastline is more even except for the largest spit, Oddeyri [ˈɔtːˌeiːrɪ], which was formed by the river Glerá, which runs through the town. The name of the town is possibly derived from the name of a field that may have been situated near some of the sheltered locations by the river.[12]

The body of sea between Oddeyri and the end of the fjord is known as Pollurinn [ˈpʰɔtlʏrɪn] ("The Pool") and is known for calm winds and a good natural harbour. Akureyri today is centered on Ráðhústorg [ˈrauðˌhusˌtʰɔrk] (Town Hall Square) near the northwest corner of Pollurinn. The districts of Akureyri are: Innbær [ˈɪnːˌpaiːr̥], the oldest part of town on the strip of land between the hill and Pollurinn south of the central area; Brekkan [ˈprɛhkan], on top of the hill; Oddeyri on the peninsula of the same name; and Glerárhverfi [ˈklɛːrˌaurˌkʰvɛrvɪ] on the north bank of the Glerá (also referred to colloquially as Þorpið [ˈθɔr̥pɪθ], 'the Village'). Because of the town's position at the head of a long fjord surrounded by high mountains, the climate is more typically inland than coastal, with greater variations in temperature (warmer summers, colder winters) than in many other inhabited parts of Iceland. However, the mountains shield the town from strong winds. The relatively warm climate (for its latitude) allows the botanical gardens to flourish without need of a greenhouse.[13] The area around Akureyri has one of the warmest climates in Iceland, even though it is only 100 km (62 mi) from the Arctic Circle.[14]


Akureyri has either the rare dry-summer subarctic climate (Köppen: Dsc) if the 0 °C isotherm is used, or the very rare cold-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csc) if the -3 °C isotherm is used, with cold though not severe winters and mild summers. The snow cover starts forming in late October and melts in April, yet snow can lie on the mountain peaks around Akureyri for the whole year. Akureyri is a very cloudy town, averaging only 1,029 sunshine hours annually, with barely any sunshine between November and February (which is also due to the town's location less than 100 km from the Arctic Circle), but precipitation is much lower than in southern Iceland because the prevailing winds are from the south — it is as little as a fifth as much as in Vík í Mýrdal.

Climate data for Akureyri, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1949–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 2.7
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −3.5
Record low °C (°F) −21.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60.2
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.1 10.2 9.9 6.7 5.9 4.9 7.7 8.1 9.4 11.7 10.9 12.0 108.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0 cm) 22.0 16.9 16.1 5.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.9 12.4 18.1 95.5
Average relative humidity (%) 79.4 79.3 78.9 75.7 73.4 73.2 77.8 78.3 77.4 81.2 80.8 79.5 77.9
Average dew point °C (°F) −3.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 6.5 33.9 77.9 127.5 171.0 189.9 152.5 138.0 90.4 47.9 15.2 0.3 1,051
Source 1: Icelandic Met Office (humidity 1981–2010)[15][16][17]
Source 2: NOAA[18]
Coastal temperature data for Akureyri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °C (°F) 2.5
Source 1: Seatemperature.net[19]


On 1 January 2015, Akureyri had a population of 18,191; of whom 9,011 were men and 9,180 were women.[20] About 3% of the population are foreign citizens, from 53 countries.[21] In 2014, there were 229 births and 118 deaths in Akureyri.[22] Immigration in 2014 was 1,097 individuals, while emigration was 1,122 residents.[23] Population growth in 2014 was therefore 0.5%. The population in 1910 was 2,239, increasing to 7,711 in 1950 and 16,756 in 2005.[24]


Crime statistics have been published by the Iceland national police for 2000. Akureyri had a reported 726 nontraffic offences per 10,000 population compared with a national average of 892, while 2,891 traffic offences per 10,000 population were recorded compared with a national average of 2,397.[25] Akureyri has five police officers on call. Incidents have occurred where insufficient police officers were on duty to respond to criminal activity in progress, as confirmed by the mayor.[26] However, Akureyri, and Iceland in general, has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.[27]


Cruise ship in the harbour

The fishing industry has historically been a large and important part of the local economy. In recent years, other industries and business services have also begun. Higher education is also a growing sector in the local economy.[4] About 20% of the work force is in the service industry.[28]

Two of the five largest fishing companies in Iceland are headquartered in Akureyri,[12] partly because of the ice-free port.[4] Other large companies in Akureyri include Samherji, Norðurmjólk, Brim hf, and Vífilfell, the largest brewery in Iceland. Sjúkrahús Akureyrar (FSA/Akureyri Hospital) is a major employer in the area and is one of two major hospitals in Iceland.[29]

Corporations pay a tax rate of 18% to the national government, which is one of the lowest in the world. No additional local corporate taxes are levied. Property tax, at 1.99%, accounts for most of the tax base.[4] A local government deficit of ISK 1 billion (US$9 million) was anticipated in 2009, prompting a cut in salaries of the mayor, town councilors, and committee members by 10% and increases in local taxes and property taxes.[30]


Hlíðarfjall ski slopes just west of the town

Akureyri has a robust cultural scene, with several bars and reputable restaurants (such as "Greifinn", "Bautinn", "RUB 23 Steak/Sushi", "Kung Fu sushi bar" and "Götubarinn"). The Icelandic folk dance ensemble "Vefarinn" comes from Akureyri. Folk culture, in general, is more prevalent in Akureyri than in Reykjavík. During the summer, several festivals are held in Akureyri and the surrounding area. One example is the medieval festival held every summer at Gásir. The Akureyri International Music Festival, a concert series by bands, was held for the fourth time in 2009.[31] The town has one of the largest libraries in the country.[32]


The Vikudagur newspaper is published in Akureyri.[33] The Icelandic National Broadcasting Service (Ríkisútvarpið) operates two radio channels nationwide.[34] The several radio stations in Akureyri include FM Akureyri and Voice FM 98.7. Several television stations can be watched in Akureyri. N4 is a station whose studios are located in Akureyri.[35] Initially a local channel, it began to broadcast nationwide in 2008.[36]


The town centre of Akureyri

Sites that have been cited as areas of interest include various museums, churches, and the Botanical Gardens. Local museums[37] include the Minjasafnið á Akureyri (Akureyri Museum),[38] Listasafnið á Akureyri (Akureyri Art Museum), Nonnahús (Nonni house or Jón Sveinsson Memorial Museum, for the writer), Davíðshús (David's house or Davíð Stefánsson Memorial Museum, for the poet), Akureyri Museum of Industry, a motorcycle museum,[39] and Flugsafn Íslands (Aviation Museum of Iceland).[40] The most northerly 18 hole golf course in the world is in the town.[14] The Náttúrufræðistofnun Norðurlands (Nature Museum) was opened in 1957 and is in the grounds of the Akureyri Botanical Garden.[41] The Botanical Gardens (Lystigarður Akureyrar) are located in Spítalavegur. Large churches include the Akureyrarkirkja (The church of Akureyri) and Glerárkirkja (The church of Glerá).[42] Sundlaug Akureyrar is a swimming pool in Akureyri.

New residential and commercial growth has required an extension of electricity and water distribution, as well as new water drilling.[43] Much of the town is heated geothermally.[44]


Law and government[edit]

Akureyri is governed by a town council, directly elected by those over 18 with registered domicile in the town. The council has 11 members, who are elected for four-year terms. The mayor is appointed by the council: usually one of the council members is chosen, but they may also appoint a mayor who is not a member of the council.[45][46]

The last elections to the town council were held on May 31, 2014. The People's List (Listi fólksins), which won an outright majority in 2010, and The Town List (Bæjarlistinn) merged into L-list, the Town List of Akureyri. They had seven representatives together, but now have only two, 18.8%. The Independence Party (Sjálfstæðisflokkurinn) received the most votes, three seats in the council, 25.8%, instead of only one previously. Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin) and Progressive Party (Framsóknarflokkurinn) each got two seats instead of the previous one each. Left-Green Movement (Vinstri hreyfingin grænt framboð) and Bright Future (Björt framtíð) each got one seat. L-list, Social Democratic Alliance, and the Progressive Party formed a new majority in the council. The new majority decided that Eiríkur Björn Björgvinsson, mayor of Akureyri since 2010, would continue to serve as mayor.

Timeline of mayors[edit]

  • 1919–1934 - Jón Sveinsson
  • 1934–1958 - Steinn Steinsen
  • 1958–1967 - Magnús Guðjónsson
  • 1967–1976 - Bjarni Einarsson
  • 1976–1986 - Helgi M. Bergs
  • 1986–1990 - Sigfús Jónsson
  • 1990–1994 - Halldór Jónsson
  • 1994–1998 - Jakob Björnsson
  • 1998–2007 - Kristján Þór Júlíusson
  • 2007–2009 - Sigrún Björk Jakobsdóttir
  • 2009–2010 - Hermann Jón Tómasson
  • 2010–2018 - Eiríkur Björn Björgvinsson
  • 2018–present - Ásthildur Sturludóttir

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Akureyri is twinned with:[47]

In 2007, a friendship and fisheries agreement was signed with Grimsby, United Kingdom, which according to Ice News, might lead to a twin cities designation in the future.[48]


The old building (Gamli Skóli) of Akureyri Junior College

There are two high schools (junior colleges) in Akureyri,[49] one of them being the second oldest in Iceland.[50] Menntaskólinn á Akureyri (MA) is the older of the two schools, offering purely academic studies, while the newer Verkmenntaskólinn á Akureyri (VMA), offers both academic and vocational studies. The University of Akureyri (Háskólinn á Akureyri) was founded in 1987. There are 3 faculties or colleges, the Faculty of Business and Science, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and Faculty of Health Sciences.[51] The university offers master's degrees in several subjects.



Aerial view of the fjord

Akureyri Airport, one of four international airports in Iceland and the only international airport in the north of the country,[52] was constructed in 1954 replacing the airstrip at Melgerdismelar further to the south.[53]

The airport is mostly used for domestic flights. Icelandair flies several times a day to Reykjavík, and there are also domestic flights to Grímsey, Vopnafjörður and Þórshöfn (small settlements in northeast Iceland).[54]

There are also seasonal scheduled international flights to London-Gatwick, Amsterdam and Zürich with easyJet and Transavia. Nerlerit Inaat in Greenland is also served.[55]

In 2007, Akureyri Airport had a passenger traffic level of 221,200 and 19,778 aircraft movements.[56]

Marine port[edit]

The port of Akureyri is vital to the town, as fisheries are an important part of its economy. It is the site of large fish processing plants and has docking facilities for trawlers.[57] It is also important for freight handling and for tourism, as cruise ships stop in Akureyri during the summer months.[58] The ice-free nature of the port has been important in the town's establishment.[59]


Local bus services within Akureyri are provided by the SVA (Akureyri Bus Company), which does not charge fares. The cessation of fares in 2008 resulted in an increase of 130% in passenger numbers compared to the previous year when fares were charged.[60]


Route 1 or the Ring Road (Þjóðvegur 1 or Hringvegur) connects the town with the other parts of the country, including Reykjavík, which is 390 kilometres (242 miles) away. The road is mostly one lane in each direction, but is paved and open year-round.[61] The Vaðlaheiðargöng tunnel is directly east of the town on Route 1. It opened for traffic in December 2018, reducing the road distance from Akureyri to Mývatn lake by 16 kilometres (9.9 mi). It is currently Iceland's only toll road.[62]

Parking in the city centre is subject to fees as of 2023, split into two zones.[63]

The F821 mountain road climbs southwards from Akureyri and connects with the F26 mountain road across the highlands towards the south of the country. It is only open during summer.[11]


Akureyri has been heated geothermally since the late 1970s. Starting in 1928, there were unsuccessful attempts to develop geothermal energy. During this period, electricity and oil were used for heating. Construction of a geothermal distribution system was begun in 1976 after the discovery of a commercially viable source in 1975. Distribution was widespread by 1979.[44]

The Laugaland field near Akureyri was the first geothermal source commercially developed. The Ytri-Tjarnir field followed. To obtain sufficient water flow, additional fields were developed at Botn in 1980, Glerárdalur 2 kilometres (1 mi) SW of the town in 1981, and Þelamörk 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of the town in 1992. Water temperature is generally 65 to 75 °C (149 to 167 °F) but can drop to 45 °C (113 °F) during hot summer days.[clarification needed] The cost of geothermal production is, at 32 mill/kwh,[clarification needed] higher than the Icelandic national average of 11, but slightly less than the cost of imported heating oil. There is diminishing excess capacity but there are known and untapped resources near the town. Furthermore, there have been proposals to reinject water to extend the life of the sources.[44]


Knattspyrnufélag Akureyrar (KA) and Þór Akureyri are the two biggest multi-sport clubs in the town. They field teams in several sports, such as basketball, football and handball.

The most successful football team of late in the town has been Þór/KA, a joint women's team from KA and Þór. Since 2008, it has finished in the top four in the top-tier Úrvalsdeild kvenna, winning the national championship in 2012 and 2017. The clubs also have two men's football teams under their own names.

The clubs field a joint team in women's handball, KA/Þór. They fielded a joint men's team under the name Akureyri Handboltafélag from 2016 to 2017 before KA broke off from the cooperation and fielded a separate team in 2017–2018.

In basketball, Þór fields both men's and women's team. Its women's team has won the national championship three times: in 1969, 1971 and 1976.[64]

The town's ice hockey team, Skautafélag Akureyrar, is the most successful team in the history of the Icelandic Hockey League, with 20 championships from 1992 to 2018.[65]

The Akureyri Golf Club is the second oldest golf club in Iceland behind the Reykjavík Golf Club. It was established in 1935 and is the annual location of The Arctic Open held each summer solstice. The town is also the birthplace of Icelandic footballers Birkir Bjarnason and Aron Gunnarsson, as well as mixed martial arts fighter Gunnar Nelson.[66]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Population by municipalities, sex and age 1 January 1998-2019 - Current municipalities". PX-Web. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Evans 2008, p. 310
  3. ^ a b "From the history of Akureyri". akureyri.is. Archived from the original on 2012-04-23. Retrieved 2009-07-13.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Akureyri region: Iceland's fastest growing region, and a nice region to live in, too!". Akureyri Region Business Agency. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  5. ^ a b c d Olsen, Bjorn (1981). "Norwegian Northrop". In After the Battle, No. 32, pages 43–50.
  6. ^ Jefford, C.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  7. ^ Schuster, Carl O. (May–June 1993). "Operation Ikarus". Command Magazine. No. 22. XTR Publishing. pp. 62–63. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  8. ^ Norman, Hans; Runblom, Harald. "Migration patterns in the Nordic countries" (PDF). Uppsala Universitet. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2009-06-13. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ "Nýjustu fréttir". Nonnahús Akureyri. Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  10. ^ "Hrísey 2004". akureyri.is. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  11. ^ a b c d Parnell & O'Carroll 2007, p. 220
  12. ^ a b "From the History of Akureyri". akureyri.is. Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  13. ^ "Akureyri". geographia.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-08. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  14. ^ a b "Akureyri". Iceland Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 2011-02-03. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  15. ^ "Monthly Averages for Akureyri". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Archived from the original on 2023-08-17. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Annual Averages for Akureyri". Icelandic Met Office. Archived from the original on 2023-08-17. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Akureyri 1961–1990 Averages". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Archived from the original on 2023-08-17. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  18. ^ "Akureyri Climate Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 2023-08-17. Retrieved August 17, 2023.
  19. ^ "Akureyri Sea Temperature". seatemperature.net. 2023-04-25. Archived from the original on 2023-04-25.
  20. ^ "Hagstofa Íslands - Talnaefni » Mannfjöldi » Sveitarfélög". www.hagstofan.is. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  21. ^ "Hagstofa Íslands - Talnaefni » Mannfjöldi » Ríkisfang, fæðingarland og bakgrunnur íbúa". www.hagstofan.is. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  22. ^ "Hagstofa Íslands - Talnaefni » Mannfjöldi » Fæddir og dánir". www.hagstofan.is. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  23. ^ "Hagstofa Íslands - Talnaefni » Mannfjöldi » Búferlaflutningar". www.hagstofan.is. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  24. ^ "Iceland in figures" (PDF). Statistics Iceland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
  25. ^ "Crime Index 2000" (PDF). The National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  26. ^ "Group Fight Challenges Understaffed Akureyri Police". Iceland Review Online. Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
  27. ^ "Iceland is the Safest Country in the World | 15 Reasons Why". Iceland Travel Guide. Retrieved 2023-08-15.
  28. ^ AFE 2004, p. 5
  29. ^ Pálsson, Aðalsteinn; Guðlaugsson, Kristján. "Tkies Software Services". Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  30. ^ "Akureyri Local Authorities Expect Vast Deficit in 2009". Iceland Review Online. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  31. ^ "Akureyri Big Band Holds Debut Concert". Iceland Review Online. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
  32. ^ "The Municipal Library of Akureyri". akureyri.is. Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  33. ^ "Vikudagur". vikudagur.is. Archived from the original on 2009-03-23. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  34. ^ "Practical information". RES - The School for Renewable Energy and Science. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  35. ^ "N4". n4.is. Archived from the original on 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  36. ^ "North Icelandic TV Goes National". Iceland Review Online. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
  37. ^ "Museums". Akureyri Cultural and Marketing Office. Archived from the original on 2009-04-19. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
  38. ^ "Akureyri Museum". Minjasafnið á Akureyri. Archived from the original on 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  39. ^ "Motorcycle Museum Built in Akureyri". Iceland Review Online. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
  40. ^ "The Icelandic Aviation Museum, Akureyri". Flugsafn Íslands. Archived from the original on September 28, 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  41. ^ "Hortus Bottanicus Akureyrensis: Home". Lystigarður Akureyrar. Archived from the original on 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  42. ^ "Akureyrarkirkja". Akureyri Cultural and Marketing Office. Archived from the original on 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  43. ^ "Iceland. Akureyri Municipality. Energy and water". Nordic Investment Bank. Archived from the original on 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
  44. ^ a b c Ólafur G. Flóvenz; Franz Árnason; Magnús Finnsson; Gudni Axelsson1. "Hitaveita (District Heating) in Akureiyi" (PDF). geoheat.oit.edu. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2009-06-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  45. ^ "Samþykkt um stjórn Akureyrarkaupstaðar og fundarsköp bæjarstjórnar". Bæjarstjórn, akureyri.is. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  46. ^ "Samstarfssamningur Samfylkingar og Sjálfstæðisflokks". Bæjarstjórn, akureyri.is. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  47. ^ "Vinabæir". akureyri.is (in Icelandic). Akureyri. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  48. ^ "Fish friendship between Grimsby and Akureyri". IceNews Daily News. 19 September 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
  49. ^ "Culture, Education and History at Akureyri". Iceland in focus. Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  50. ^ "Akureyri Travel Guide". World66.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  51. ^ "The University of Akureyri". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
  52. ^ AFE 2004
  53. ^ "Akureyri airport". Nordic Adventure Travel. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  54. ^ "Domestic travel". Akureyri Cultural and Marketing Office. Archived from the original on 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  55. ^ akureyri.net. "„Lykilatriði til að jafna árstíðasveifluna"". akureyri.net (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2024-02-22.
  56. ^ "Passengers, freight and mail through Icelandic airports 2003-2007". Statistics Iceland. Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  57. ^ "Grimsby forges vital new links with Icelandic fishing port". fishupdate.com. Archived from the original on 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  58. ^ "Port of Akureyri". port.is. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  59. ^ AFE 2004, p. 6
  60. ^ "Free Bus Rides in Akureyri Pay Off". Iceland Review Online. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2009-06-28. Intercity bus services are provided by Strætó bs and connect the town to Reykjavík and other locations across Iceland.
  61. ^ AFE 2004, p. 9
  62. ^ Ćirić, Jelena (2018-03-13). "North Iceland Tunnel to Cost Over ISK 16 Billion". Iceland Review. Archived from the original on 2018-10-02. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  63. ^ Akureyri, Visit. "Parking Zone & Payments". Visit Akureyri. Retrieved 2024-02-22.
  64. ^ "- Meistaratitlar kvenna". Archived from the original on 2018-07-25. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  65. ^ Einar Sigtryggsson (7 April 2018). "Tuttugasti Íslandsmeistaratitill SA". Morgunblaðið (in Icelandic). Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  66. ^ "Golf". Visit Akureyri. Archived from the original on 2016-05-09. Retrieved 2016-06-18.


External links[edit]