Rozafa Castle

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Rozafa Castle
Shkodër, in northwestern Albania
Shkodër-rozafa-2001.jpg
Rozafa castle
Rozafa Castle is located in Albania
Rozafa Castle
Rozafa Castle
Coordinates 42°02′47″N 19°29′37″E / 42.0465°N 19.4935°E / 42.0465; 19.4935
Site information
Controlled by Illyrian tribes
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Roman Empire
 Byzantine Empire
Duklja
Serbian Grand Principality
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Serbian Empire
Balsic small COA.svg Zeta
 Republic of Venice
 Ottoman Empire
 Kingdom of Montenegro
Great Powers
 Albania
Open to
the public
Yes
Site history
Materials Limestone, brick

Rozafa castle (Albanian: Kalaja e Rozafës) is a castle near the city of Shkodër, in northwestern Albania. It rises imposingly on a rocky hill, 130 metres (430 ft) above sea level, surrounded by the Bojana and Drin rivers. Shkodër is the capital of the Shkodër County, and is one of Albania's oldest and most historic towns, as well as an important cultural and economic centre.

History[edit]

Due to its strategic location, the hill has been settled since antiquity. It was an Illyrian stronghold until it was captured by the Romans in 167 BC.[1] The 19th-century German author and explorer Johann Georg von Hahn suggested that the ancient and medieval city of Shkodër was located immediately south of the Rozafa hill, between the hill and the confluence of Buna and Drin. The fortifications, as they have been preserved to date, are mostly of Venetian origin.[2] The castle has been the site of several famous sieges, including the siege of Shkodra by the Ottomans in 1478 and the siege of Shkodra by the Montenegrins in 1912. The castle and its surroundings form an Archaeological Park of Albania.[3]

At the top of the Castle is located a museum titled «the Museum of the Castle». This Museum holds a temporary exhibition of artifacts related to the history of the Castle and the city of Shkodra.

The people of Shkodra visit the Rozafa Castle mostly on the 28th of November (Independance Day), 1st of May (Labour Day) and during the Flower Festival in May. On these days a special programme is usually organized at the Castle.

General access:

The Castle is accessible via multiple forms of transportation.

It takes approximately 10 min by car from the center of Shkodra to the Castle. There is a free parking close to the entrance, as well as at the bottom of the Castle (before the stone road starts).

The Castle is accessible by public transport from the city center for 30 lek each way.

For more information about the Rozafa Castle, please visit the offical Facebook page or the Tourist Office in the center of Shkodra (Rruga Teuta, southeast of Sheshi Demokracia).

Opening hours:

The Rozafa Castle and the Museum of the Castle have different working times during the year. From May to October, during high season, the Castle is open from 08:00 to 20:00, and from November to April, off the season period, from 08:00 to 16:00 .

The Museum of the Castle is open during high season from 09:00 to 19:00 every day except Mondays, and during the off season only on Fridays and the weekends from 09:00 to 15:00.

Ticket price:

Entrance ticket for the Rozafa Castle is 200 lek (app 1,50 euro). At the entrance, visitors receive a brochure/plan of the Rozafa Castle.

Entrance to «the Museum of the Castle» is 150 lek (app 1,10 euro) for adults and 50 lek (less than 0,50 euro) for children.

Accessibility for People with Dissabilities:

The Rozafa Castle is a large visitors attraction consisting of different cultural buildings that are not completely accessible. The road to the Castle is rocky and slippery, and people who experience walking difficulties may find it difficult to access the site.

For people who are blind or have impaired vision, information about artifacts displayed in the Museum are available in Braille.

Shkodra's Treasures:

The city of Shkodra is recognized as the cultural city of Albania. It offers many interesting sites to visit that each tell unique stories about the lives of people and the development of this city through different historical periods.

During your stay in Shkodra, in addition to Rozafa Castle you may want to visit the Historical Museum of Shkodra, the Marubi Museum and the Site of Witness and Memories.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. Evans et al., Ancient Illyria: An Archaeological Exploration, 2006, p 83
  2. ^ J.G. von Hahn, Albanesische Studien, Jena 1854, pp 94-96.
  3. ^ Jürgen (2002-09-30). Albanian identities: myth and history. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-34189-1. Retrieved 23 September 2010.