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SKY is an acronym used to refer to the three most prestigious universities in South Korea: Seoul National University, Korea University, and Yonsei University. The term is widely used in South Korea, both in media broadcast and by the universities themselves.
In South Korea, admission to one of the SKY universities is widely considered as determining one's career and social status. Many of South Korea's most influential politicians, lawyers, physicians, engineers, journalists, professors, and policymakers (bureaucrats) have graduated from one of the SKY universities.
|Institution||Type||Location||Established||Academic staff||Undergraduate enrollment||Postgraduate enrollment||Rankings|
|ARWU World (2018)||THE World (2019)||QS World (2019)||THE Asia (2018)||QS Asia (2019)|
|Seoul National University||National||Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul||1946||2,101
|Korea University||Private||Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul||1905||1,432
|Yonsei University||Private||Sinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul||1885||1,673
- 1885: Former Institute of Severance Medical College and Hospital (Part of Yonsei University) was established. First modern hospital and academic institution built in Korea.
- 1895: Former Institute of Seoul National University College of Law was established.
- 1905: Bosung College established
- 1915: Yonhi College established
- 1924: Headquarters and preparatory departments of Keijō Imperial University was founded by Japan. This university is the main predecessor to Seoul National University.
- 1926: Three Departments (Law, Medical Sciences, and Human Sciences) of Keijō Imperial University were opened by Japan. These were the first official higher education institution during the Colonial period. This university was the only university in Korea at the time due to oppression by Japan. The Japanese government did not approve the establishment of any university except Keijō Imperial University.
- 1946 August: Seoul National University founded by merging several Japanese institutions - including Keijō Imperial University - of higher education around Seoul
- 1946 August: Bosung College renamed Korea University
- 1946 August: Yonhi College renamed Yonhi University
- 1957 January: Severance Medical College and Hospital and Yonhi University merged into Yonsei University
In 2010, it was reported that 46.3% of high government officials and 50% of CEOs of major financial industries were graduates of SKY universities. Also, over 60% of the students who passed the 2010 Korean Bar examination were graduates of SKY universities. Being admitted in one of these universities typically requires students to be within 1% of the Korean College Scholastic Ability Test (the Korean equivalent to the SAT's) which means that these universities have acceptance rates as low as 2%.
In popular culture
- Yonsei–Korea (Korea-Yonsei) rivalry
- Oxbridge referring to the UK's oldest universities, Oxford and Cambridge
- Golden triangle informal grouping of universities in London and southeast England
- Ivy League A formal grouping of elite older private universities in the United States
- Imperial Universities A grouping of elite older universities in Japan
- C9 League The Chinese Ministry of Education's formal grouping of elite universities in China
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- Jambor, Paul Z, "Why South Korean Universities Have Low International Rankings", Academic Leadership: Volume 7, Issue 1, February 20, 2009
- Jambor, Paul Z, "Why South Korean Universities Have Low International Rankings - Part II: The Student Side of the Equation", Academic Leadership: Volume 7, Issue 3, August 10, 2009
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- Kim (김), Gyeong-su (경수) (2011-11-17). 명문대 줄잇는 ‘공개 자퇴’ 왜？. 파이낸셜뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-11-20.