Chantiers de l'Atlantique

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The oil tanker Batillus at the end of its construction in Saint-Nazaire, being refueled by the Port-Vendres

Chantiers de l'Atlantique is a shipyard in Saint-Nazaire, France. It is one of the world's largest shipyards, constructing a wide range of commercial, naval, and passenger ships. It is located near Nantes, at the mouth of the Loire river and the deep waters of the Atlantic, which make the sailing of large ships in and out of the shipyards easy.

The shipyard was owned by Alstom from 1976 onwards, became Alstom-Atlantique, and was later part of Aker Yards when Aker Group acquired the Alstom Marine business in 2006.[1][2] In 2008, the South Korean company STX Corporation acquired Aker Yards, and the shipyard became part of STX Europe (formed by the renaming of Aker Yards).[3]

A plan is currently under review by the EU's Competition Bureau[4] for Italy's Fincantieri to acquire a 50% stake in the shipyard. After the bankruptcy of STX Corporation, the shipyard reverted to its original name of Chantiers de l'Atlantique.

History[edit]

The giant superliner RMS Queen Mary 2 under construction
Russian amphibious assault ship Sevastopol awaiting delivery, December 2014

Chantiers de l'Atlantique was formed in 1955 by the merger of Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire and Ateliers et Chantiers de Penhoët. The shipyard's first ships were built for the French transatlantic line Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. In 1961, it built the transatlantic ocean liner SS France, the world's longest passenger vessel at the time.[5] After the construction of the last Compagnie Générale Transatlantique liner and the closure of the Suez Canal, the yard began building large tankers, including Batillus, Bellamya, Pierre Guillaumat and Prairial. A new dry dock was built for this purpose and allowed the construction of tankers exceeding one million tonnes, but it remained mainly unused except for the construction in 1975-1976 of the sister-ships MV Gastor and Nestor and then again idle until construction of Cunards liner RMS Queen Mary 2.[6]

Between 1985 and 1998, the shipyard built several cruise ships for Royal Caribbean Cruise Line (RCCL). In 1987 the first of these ships, Sovereign of the Seas, was delivered, and was the first mega cruise ship in the world. Subsequent deliveries to RCCL included Monarch of the Seas, Majesty of the Seas, Nordic Empress, Legend of the Seas, Splendour of the Seas, Rhapsody of the Seas, and Vision of the Seas.[citation needed] In 2003, the shipyard also delivered Crystal Serenity to Crystal Cruises and RMS Queen Mary 2 to Cunard Line.[7] During the construction of RMS Queen Mary 2, a gangway to the dry-docked ship collapsed, killing sixteen people.[8]

On 4 January 2006 Aker Yards purchased the Marine Division of Alstom, which included the Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyard.[1][2] In March 2007 Aker ASA divested its interest in Aker Yards, with South Korean STX Corporation acquiring a 39.2% stake in Aker Yards in October. By 3 November 2008 STX Corporation had acquired a controlling stake in the company, renaming it to STX Europe.[3] The same year, the French government purchased a 33.34% stake in the shipyard.[9]

After the bankruptcy of STX Corporation in 2016, STX France was put up for sale, and the Italian state-owned shipyard Fincantieri showed interest in acquiring STX France.[citation needed]

In September 2017, after difficult negotiations and a brief nationalization of the shipyard by the French government, the involved parties reached an agreement, with Fincantieri acquiring a 50% stake in STX France, and the remainder being held by the French Naval Group and the French government. A month later, it was announced that the Saint-Nazaire shipyard would regain its original name, Chantiers de l'Atlantique.[10]

Ships built[edit]

Notable passenger liners built by Chantiers de l'Atlantique include:[11]

Passenger Ships
Ship Name (as built) Year Completed Built for Hull Number Current Status Notes
1910s
France 1912.jpg SS France 1912 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Scrapped 1936
1920s
Paris 1921.jpg SS Paris 1921 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Burned and Capsized at Dock 1939, Scrapped 1947
SS Ile de France.jpg SS Ile de France 1927 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Scrapped 1959
1930s
MS Lafayette 1930 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Burned, scrapped
L'Atlantique 1932-20170828 B.png SS L'Atlantique 1931 Compagnie de Navigation Sud Atlantique Burned, and scrapped
SS Champlain 1932 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Sunk WWII
SS Normandie at sea 01.jpg SS Normandie 1935 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Burned and Capsized at Dock 1942, Scrapped 1948 It was the world's largest ship until Cunard's Queen Elizabeth, held Blue Riband. Capsized in New York Harbour, 1942. Scrapped in NJ, 1946.
SS Pasteur Hdouay4.jpg SS Pasteur 1939 Compagnie de Navigation Sud-Atlantique Sank 1980 on way to scrap yard
1950s
SS Bretagne 1952 Société Générale de Transport Maritimes Scrapped 1963
MS General Mangin 1953 Cie de Nav Fraissinet et Cyprien Fabre Scrapped 1986
Patmos2005 (cropped).jpg MV Jean Mermoz 1957 Cie de Nav Fraissinet et Cyprien Fabre Scrapped 2008
1960s
SS France Hong Kong 74.jpg SS France 1962 Compagnie Générale Transatlantique Scrapped 2008 Launched in 1961, the world's longest passenger ship from 1961 to 2004, became the SS Norway.
Ancerville in the port of Sochi..jpg
MS Ancerville 1962 Compagnie de Navigation Paquet Hotel Ship A former passenger ship built in 1962, integrated as part of Sea World, a multi-purpose complex in Shenzhen, China since 1983.
Brillant SHALOM7.jpg SS Shalom 1964 Zim Israel Navigation Company Sank on way to Scrap Yard 2001 Israel flagship (1964).
"Grand Victoria" - Thames, 2006.jpg MS Renaissance 1966 Compagnie Francaise de Navigation Scrapped 2010 A French cruise liner that entered service in 1966 for service on the Marseilles-Haifa route.
Tianjin Hai River.JPG MV Yaohua 1967 China Ocean Shipping Company Possibly Hotel Ship Last ship to be launched from slipway at St. Nazaire[11]
1980s
Nieuw Amsterdam at Vancouver.jpg MS Niuew Amsterdam 1983 Holland America Line Scrapped 2018
Marco polo-amsterdam-noordam (2459029719) (noordam).jpg MS Noordam 1984 Holland America Line Scrapped 2020
Sovereign of the Seas Nassau Bahamas (244161813) (cropped).jpg MS Sovereign of the Seas 1987 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line Scrapped 2020 Was the largest cruise ship in the world from 1988 to 1990, and its sister ships, MS Monarch of the Seas and MS Majesty of the Seas.
Columbus turning to port side Tallinn Bay Tallinn 31 July 2017.jpg MS Star Princess 1989 Sitmar Cruises/Princess Cruises Laid up Ordered for Sitmar Cruises as the Fair Majesty[11]
1990s
NordicEmpress1.jpg Nordic Empress 1990 Admiral Cruises/Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service Ordered as Future Seas for Admiral Cruises.[11]
Monarch of the Seas.JPG Monarch of the Seas 1992 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line Scrapped 2020
MajestyOfTheSeas2009.jpg Majesty of the Seas 1992 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service
Zenith & Dreamward at Grand Cayman (Dreamward).jpg Dreamward 1992 Norwegian Cruise Line In Service
Zenith & Dreamward at Grand Cayman (Dreamward).jpg Windward 1993 Norwegian Cruise Line In Service
Legend of the Seas (1) (cropped).jpg Legend of the Seas 1995 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service
Splendouroftheseas2008brazil.JPG Splendor of the Seas 1996 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service
Rhapsodyoftheseasargostoli.jpg Rhapsody of the Seas 1997 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service
Cruise Ship Paul Gaugin 02.jpg Paul Gauguin 1997 Services Et Transports / Radisson Seven Seas Cruises In Service
Vision of the Seas departing Tallinn 19 August 2013.JPG Vision of the Seas 1998 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service
Insignia (ship, 1998) IMO 9156462; in Split, 2011-10-01; (1).jpg R One 1998 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Regatta, Fremantle, 2018 (04).jpg R Two 1998 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Pacific Princess, 2008 (cropped).jpg R Three 1999 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Ocean Princess departing Tallinn 23 June 2013.JPG R Four 1999 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Mistral Kiel2003.jpg Mistral 1999 Festival Cruises In Service
2000s
Kobe Nautica01s5s3200.jpg R Five 2000 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Azamara Journey, Geiranger (14863575491).jpg R Six 2000 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Celebrity Millennium at Kurushima Strait (cropped).jpg Millenium 2000 Celebrity Cruises In Service
Azamara Quest (ship, 2000) IMO 9210218; Split, 2013-09-29 (1).jpg R Seven 2000 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
Azamara pursuit.jpg R Eight 2000 Renaissance Cruises In Service
  • 8 sister ships
GTS Celebrity Infinity.jpg Infinity 2001 Celebrity Cruises In Service
Celebrity Summit (12174292984).jpg Summit 2001 Celebrity Cruises In Service
Seven Seas Mariner Montevideo.JPG Seven Seas Mariner 2001 Radisson Seven Seas Cruises In Service This is the world's first all balcony luxury cruise ship.
European Vision (ship, 2001) 001 (European Vision).jpg European Vision 2001 Festival Cruises In Service
Port of Palma de Mallorca May 2003 (3) (cropped).jpg European Stars 2002 Festival Cruises In Service
GTS Celebrity Constellation La Rochelle.jpg Constellation 2002 Celebrity Cruises In Service
Coral Princess (12385825364).jpg Coral Princess 2003 Princess Cruises In Service
MSC Lirica Mallorca.jpg MSC Lirica 2003 MSC Cruises In Service
Navío Island Princess, Skagway, Alaska, Estados Unidos, 2017-08-26, DD 39.jpg Island Princess 2003 Princess Cruises In Service
Crystal Serenity, River Mersey (geograph 4593084).jpg Crystal Serenity 2003 Crystal Cruises In Service
Queen Mary 2 05 KMJ.jpg Queen Mary 2 2004 Cunard Line In Service Floated in 2003, is the longest, tallest, widest, and the largest ocean liner, and at the time of her construction, the largest passenger ship, and is currently the only ship to undergo regularly scheduled transatlantic crossings.
MSC Opera.jpg MSC Opera 2004 MSC Cruises In Service
MSC Musica in Dubrovnik.JPG MSC Musica 2006 MSC Cruises In Service
MSC Orchestra Santorini.jpg MSC Orchestra 2007 MSC Cruises In Service
MSC Poesia 02.jpg MSC Poesia 2008 MSC Cruises In Service
MSC FANTASIA 2160.jpg MSC Fantasia 2008 MSC Cruises In Service
MSC Splendida Marseille (cropped).jpg MSC Splendida 2009 MSC Cruises In Service
2010s
NORWEGIAN EPIC.jpg Norwegian Epic 2010 Norwegian Cruise Line In Service
MSC Magnifica 2013.jpg MSC Magnifica 2010 MSC Cruises In Service
MS MSC Divina, Port Canaveral, Florida.jpg MSC Divina 2012 MSC Cruises In Service
MSC Preziosa in Kiel.jpg MSC Preziosa 2013 MSC Cruises In Service
MS Europa 2--2.jpg Europa 2 2013 Hapag & Lloyd In Service
Harmony of the Seas Saint-Nazaire June 2015.jpg Harmony of the Seas 2016 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service
MSC Meraviglia in Honnigsvåg.jpg MSC Meraviglia 2017 MSC Cruises In Service
SymphonyOfTheSeas (cropped).jpg Symphony of the Seas 2018 Royal Caribbean Cruise Line In Service World's largest passenger ship as of May 2020 (228,081 tons)
Celebrity Edge - Sept 2018 (cropped).jpg Celebrity Edge 2018 Celebrity Cruises In Service
MSC Bellissima 20190226 190521 (cropped).jpg MSC Bellissima 2019 MSC Cruises In Service
Vertrek MSC GRANDIOSA (49018550362).jpg MSC Grandiosa 2019 MSC Cruises In Service
2020s
Celebrity Apex.jpg Celebrity Apex 2020 Celebrity Cruises Awaiting Entry to Service
MSC Virtuosa 2021 MSC Cruises Under Construction

Other ships built at the yard:

A plaque inside the Coral Princess

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Aker Yards and Alstom Marine Complete Transaction". Asdnews.com. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Aker Yards and Alstom Marine plan to join forces". Alstom.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Aker Yards to be renamed STX Europe". Reuters. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  4. ^ http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-262_en.htm
  5. ^ "SS FRANCE, SS NORWAY". Maritime Matters. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  6. ^ Documentary on Discovery Knowledge Building of the Queen Mary 2 on YouTube. retrieved:12 Sept 2020
  7. ^ "Discovery Knowledge Building The Queen Mary 2 PART1 [Documentary] FreeHDFilms - video dailymotion". Dailymotion. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  8. ^ "Europe | Inquiry into cruise liner deaths". BBC News. 2003-11-15. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  9. ^ "2012 Investment Climate Statement - France". June 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  10. ^ http://www.saintnazaire-infos.fr/saint-nazaire-retour-du-nom-les-chantiers-de-l-atlantique-23-49-3787.html
  11. ^ a b c d Baul, Patrick J. (2003). Half Century of Cruise Ships in Saint-Nazaire. France: Coop Breizh Publications. ISBN 2 84346 167 7.
  12. ^ Documentary on Discovery Knowledge Building of the Queen Mary 2 on YouTube - YT movie deleted because of copyright infringement

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°16′59″N 2°11′19″W / 47.2831°N 2.1886°W / 47.2831; -2.1886