Sadovo

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Sadovo
Садово
Town
Sadovo is in Bulgaria.
Sadovo is in Bulgaria.
Sadovo (Bulgaria)
Country Bulgaria
Province Plovdiv
Municipality Sadovo Municipality

Sadovo (Bulgarian: Садово) is a small town in Sadovo Municipality, Plovdiv Province, central Bulgaria, and the administrative center of Plovdiv. The population as of 2011 is 2,600.

The mayor of Sadovo is Dimitar Zdravkov.

Geography[edit]

The city is close to the Maritsa River, 18 kilometers east of Plovdiv. Sadovo's neighboring villages are Kochevo and Cheshnegirovo.

During 1916, the highest absolute temperature (45.2 degrees Celsius or 113.36 degrees Fahrenheit) was recorded from the Sadovo weather station.

A large railway line runs through Sadovo towards Dimitrovgrad, and the Greek city Aleksandrupolis.

History[edit]

The oldest name of the city is accepted as "Kyuchuk Stambol" (Bulgarian: Кючук Стамбол) through local oral tradition. Until 1881, it was "Cheshnegir Mahala" (Bulgarian: Чешнегир махала).

Sadovo began between the years 1365-1390, when the city was founded by Turkish villagers in Thrace—during the time when Ottoman sultans, such as Murad I and Bayezid I, ruled Bulgaria. It was a Turkish and Muslim village in the beginning, populated only by Turkish Muslims. The earliest testament to its existence is in a Turkish register from 1472, where it is described under the name "Cheshnegir" in "Filibe" (Plovdiv), and where it is recorded that all of the villagers were Turkish Muslims.[1]

The reference can be found in the personal archive of the historian Lyubomir Vasilev from Sadovo's neighboring village, Kochevo. The "Bulgarianization" and Christianization of Sadovo began during the 17th century, when in the short register from a tax for Plovdivsko from 1622, there is already evidence that in Sadovo, there were already 9 Christian households.[2] However, up until the end of the 17th century, the village remains predominantly Muslim, even though a large increase in a Bulgarian Christian element can be seen from other documents. In another register from a tax for Plovdivsko from 1695 under the name Chashnagir, 33 families lived in the settlement, with 18 being Muslims and the other 15 Bulgarian Christians.[3]

Agriculture[edit]

Most of the people are employed in agriculture, which due to the fertile soils and the high levels of mechanization is efficient and highly productive. Major crops are apples, tomatoes, peppers, wheat, barley and rice.

Temperature record[edit]

Sadovo has the highest recorded temperature (unofficial) in Bulgaria: 45,2 °C. Officially, the highest record for Sadovo is 41.2 degrees Celsius (106.16 degrees Fahrenheit), while the lowest is -30.7 degrees Celsius (-23.26 degrees Fahreheit).

References[edit]

  1. ^ НБКМ-Сф,ОО - ОАК 94/73,л.50а - справка на сътрудника към Османския отдел към софийската Народна библиотека - д-р Стоян Шиваров.
  2. ^ Istanbul - BOA, MAD 3398, s.4-15 - там са селищата от Филибе, сред които е и Садово - личен архив на Любомир Василев от село Кочево, Пловдивско
  3. ^ Istanbul - BOA, MAD 3604,s.114-136 - там са описани селищата от нахията Конуш, сред които е и Садово - личен архив на Любомир Василев от село Кочево, Пловдивско.