Kinison (left) with Rodney Dangerfield
|Birth name||Samuel Burl Kinison|
December 8, 1953|
Yakima, Washington, United States
|Died||April 10, 1992
Needles, California, United States
|Genres||Black comedy, satire, observational comedy|
|Subject(s)||Human sexuality, current events, American politics, religion|
|Spouse||Patricia Adkins (m. 1975; div. 1980)
Terry Jean Marze (m. 1981; div. 1989)
Malika Marie Souri (m. 1992)
Samuel Burl "Sam" Kinison (December 8, 1953 – April 10, 1992) was an American stand-up comedian and actor. He was known for his intense, harsh and politically incorrect humor. A former Pentecostal preacher, he performed stand-up routines that were most often characterized by an intense style, similar to charismatic preachers, and punctuated by his trademark scream.
Samuel Burl Kinison was born in Yakima, Washington, the son of Marie Florence (née Morrow) and Samuel Earl Kinison, a Pentecostal preacher. The family moved to East Peoria, Illinois when Kinison was three months old. His father pastored several churches around the country, receiving little income. Kinison had two older brothers, Richard and Bill, and a younger brother, Kevin. His parents divorced when he was 11 and his brother Bill went to live with his father while Sam stayed with the rest of his family against his protestations. Bill described this as the root of much of Sam's anger.
Sam later attended East Peoria Community High School in East Peoria. He and his brothers emulated their father by becoming Pentecostal preachers. Kinison attended Pinecrest Bible Training Center in Salisbury Center, New York. His mother married another preacher and moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma, where Kinison lived for a while. He preached from the age of 17 to 24 and recordings of his sermons reveal that he used a "fire and brimstone" style, punctuated with shouts similar to the ones he would later use in his stand-up routines. His brother Bill, however, noted that "ironically, he had no stage presence" and he was not very successful at making money from preaching. After he and his first wife were divorced, he abandoned preaching and took up comedy as a profession.
Kinison began his career in Houston, Texas, where he performed in small clubs. He became a member of a comedic group at the Comedy Workshop, known as the Texas Outlaw Comics, that also included Bill Hicks, Ron Shock, Riley Barber, Steve Epstein, Andy Huggins, John Farneti, and Jimmy Pineapple. Hicks cited Kinison as a major influence on his comedic style, noting that "He was the first guy I ever saw to go on stage and not in any way ask the audience to like him." In 1980, Kinison moved to Los Angeles hoping to find work at The Comedy Store, but was first employed as a doorman. He soon developed a cocaine habit, quickly progressing to the freebase form, and struggled to make a foothold in the business until his brother Bill moved to Los Angeles to help manage his career.
His big break came on HBO's Rodney Dangerfield's Ninth Annual Young Comedians Special in the summer of 1984. After noting the performance of Bob Nelson, reviewer Stephen Holden of The New York Times wrote, "the most interesting of the other eight comedians is the savagely misogynistic Sam Kinison. Mr. Kinison specializes in a grotesque animalist howl that might be described as the primal scream of the married man." Later, during Kinison's appearance on Late Night with David Letterman in 1985, Letterman's introduction of Kinison warned his audience, "Brace yourselves. I'm not kidding. Please welcome Sam Kinison."
Kinison played on his former role as a Bible-preaching evangelist, taking satirical and sacrilegious shots at the Bible, Christianity and famous Christian evangelist scandals of his day. Kinison's daring comedy helped shoot him to stardom. On several videos of his stand-up routines, a shot of his personalized license plate reveals the words "EX REV."
In 1988, Kinison recorded a novelty version of The Troggs' "Wild Thing", which appeared on his album Have You Seen Me Lately? The video was a hit on MTV. It featured a cameo by Rodney Dangerfield and Jon Bon Jovi, and starred many well-known rock musicians of the time, including Steven Tyler and Joe Perry of Aerosmith, Jonathan Cain and Deen Castronovo of Bad English, Richie Sambora and Alec John Such of Bon Jovi, Slash and Steven Adler of Guns N' Roses, Tommy Lee of Mötley Crüe, C.C. DeVille of Poison, Rudy Sarzo of Quiet Riot, Billy Idol, and Ratt, as well as a raunchy "roll on the mat" dance with Jessica Hahn. Also in 1988, Kinison appeared in the music video for the Bon Jovi single "Bad Medicine".
Kinison appeared in the episode "It's a Bundyful Life: Part 2" (1989) of Married... with Children, as Al Bundy's guardian angel, who shows him what life would be like without him born (a sendup of It's a Wonderful Life). He was also considered for the lead role of Al Bundy during preproduction of the show.
Also during 1989, he lent his voice to the song "The Kid Goes Wild" by the band Babylon A.D.; the song was heard (briefly) in the movie RoboCop 2, but not the portion featuring Kinison's voice. Kinison also appeared in the Mötley Crüe music video for their hit single "Kickstart My Heart".
During one notable Tonight Show performance, Kinison delivered what began as a straightforward version of Elvis Presley's "Are You Lonesome Tonight?", which descended into angry ranting during the spoken breakdown, and then segueing back into a straightforward sung ending.
Some of Kinison's most notable spontaneous moments came during his frequent appearances on The Howard Stern Show. He made an angry phone call on-air to Bobcat Goldthwait, and he embarrassed comedian Judy Tenuta to the point of driving her off the show. His most notorious stunt resulted in an on-air feud with Stern. Kinison made an on-air promise to bring to the show members of the band Bon Jovi, with whom Stern was feuding, but they did not show up, nor did Kinison. Stern's reaction was swift and vindictive, and Kinison eventually apologized, but not before comedian Gilbert Gottfried and Stern ridiculed an emotionally charged phone call between Stern and Kinison, in which both stars used the words "man" and "dude" so often that the playback was used as a bit on the show.
Stern and Kinison eventually made up and paired on Stern's pay-per-view special, U.S. Open Sores. In the early 1990s, Stern, who purchased the movie rights to Kinison's biography, reported that HBO would make Brother Sam with Kinison being played by Dan Fogler.
In 1991, Kinison starred in the Fox Network television show Charlie Hoover, in which he played the inner voice of the title character, appearing as a 12-inch tall man. The show lasted only seven episodes before being canceled.
In an interview with Sam's brother and manager Bill Kinison, Bill mentioned movie deals that were in development at the time of his death; one such deal was a movie with Arnold Schwarzenegger, and another with Rick Moranis.
Kinison's legendary scream can be heard at the beginning of Anthrax's 1987 song, "I'm the Man" and one of his comedy punch-lines ("Dick in your mouth all day!"), can be heard multiple times in Run-D.M.C.'s 1988 single, "Beats to the Rhyme."
Kinison acquired much of his material from his difficult first two marriages, to Patricia Adkins (1975–1980) and Terry Marze (1981–1989). He began a relationship with dancer Malika Souiri toward the end of his marriage with Marze. In 1990, Souiri alleged she was raped by a man Kinison had hired as a bodyguard that same day, while Kinison was asleep in the house. The bodyguard stated that the sex was consensual; the jury deadlocked in the subsequent trial and the charges were later dropped.
On April 4, 1992, six days before his death, Kinison married Souiri at the Candlelight Chapel in Las Vegas. They honeymooned in Hawaii for five days before returning home to Los Angeles on April 10 to prepare for a show that night at the Riverside Resort Hotel and Casino in Laughlin, Nevada.
Souiri sued Kinison's brother Bill in 1995 for allegedly defaming her in his book Brother Sam: The Short Spectacular Life of Sam Kinison, and then again in 2009 for allegedly forging Sam's will.
In February 2011, the Toronto Sun reported that Kinison had fathered a child with the wife of his best friend and opening act, Carl LaBove, who had been paying child support for the girl for nearly 13 years. LaBove filed legal papers claiming the girl was Kinison's, and DNA tests taken from Kinison's brother Bill show a 99.8% likelihood that Sam Kinison was the father of the unnamed woman, who was 21 at the time of the Toronto Sun story, and excluded LaBove as her father.
On April 10, 1992, Kinison died at the age of 38 after his white 1989 Pontiac Trans Am was struck head-on on U.S. Route 95, 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Interstate 40 and around 15 miles northwest of Needles, California, by a pickup truck driven by 17-year-old Troy Pierson, who had been drinking alcohol. The pickup truck crossed the center line of the roadway and went into Kinison's lane. At the time of the collision, Kinison was traveling to Laughlin, Nevada to perform at a sold-out show.
Kinison was found lying between the seats of his car at the scene of the collision. He was not killed instantly, according to his brother.
His brother and the others begged him to lie down and he did with his best friend, Carl LaBove, who had been in the following van, holding his head in his hands. At first it looked like Kinison had suffered no serious injuries, but within minutes he suddenly said to no one in particular, "I don’t want to die. I don’t want to die." LaBove later said, "it was as if he was having a conversation, talking to someone else, some unseen person." Then there was a pause as if Kinison was listening to the other person speak. Then he asked "But why?" and after another pause LaBove heard him clearly say: "Okay, okay, okay.’ LaBove said, "The last ‘okay’ was so soft and at peace.... Whatever voice was talking to him gave him the right answer and he just relaxed with it. He said it so sweet, like he was talking to someone he loved." Kinison then lost consciousness. Efforts to resuscitate him failed. Kinison died at the scene from internal injuries. An autopsy found that he had suffered numerous traumatic injuries—including a dislocated neck, a torn aorta, and torn blood vessels in his abdominal cavity—which caused his death within minutes of the collision. Malika Souiri, Kinison's wife, whom he had married merely six days prior, was rendered unconscious by the collision, but survived the accident with a mild concussion.
Pierson pled guilty to one count of vehicular manslaughter with gross negligence. He was sentenced to one year of probation and 300 hours of community service, and his driver's license was suspended for two years.
Kinison is interred with family members at the Memorial Park Cemetery in Tulsa, Oklahoma. His grave marker includes the unattributed quote: "In another time and place he would have been called prophet."
Comedian George Carlin's eighth HBO stand-up comedy special, Jammin' in New York, was dedicated to the memory of Kinison. At the beginning of the broadcast, the words "this show is for SAM" appeared on the screen.
After his death, Kinison was fondly remembered by his friends and costars. Said Ozzy Osbourne, "Apparently when Sam had the accident, I heard he got out of the car and look up to the heavens and said, 'I don't want to die,' and then just said, 'Oh, okay,' and laid down and died. It sounds crazy and will probably offend a lot of my fans, but I believe there's a higher power. Some people may think Sam Kinison's in one place, but I know where he is. He's upstairs; he's next to God."
On May 23, 1993, FOX aired a special entitled A Tribute to Sam Kinison. The special contained archival footage of Kinison and stand-up comedy performances by comedians including Robin Williams, Rodney Dangerfield, and Jim Carrey.
An episode of In Living Color was dedicated in Kinison's memory.
- Louder Than Hell (1986)
- Have You Seen Me Lately? (1988)
- Wild Thing (single) (1988)
- Leader of the Banned (1990)
- Live from Hell (1993)
- Savage Dawn (1985)
- ¡Three Amigos! (1986) (scenes deleted)
- Back to School (1986)
- Pauly Shore Is Dead (2004) (archive footage)
- Rodney Dangerfield Hosts the 9th Annual Young Comedians Special (1984)
- Saturday Night Live (1985–1986, guest performer; 1986, host)
- Rodney Dangerfield: It's Not Easy Bein' Me (1986)
- Rodney Dangerfield: Opening Night at Rodney's Place (1989, guest star)
- Married... with Children (1989, guest star)
- Tales from the Crypt (1990, guest star)
- Charlie Hoover (1991, as Hugh)
- In Living Color (Season 3, Episode 7, closing skit, Sunday, Nov. 3, 1991)
Other appearances & music videos
- Breaking the Rules (1987)
- "Wild Thing" music video, Sam Kinison (1988)
- "Bad Medicine" music video, Bon Jovi (1988) (Cameo)
- "Under My Thumb" music video, Sam Kinison (1989)
- "Kickstart My Heart" music video, Mötley Crüe (1989) (Cameo)
- "Mississippi Queen" music video, Sam Kinison (1990)
- "Heartbeat" music video, D'Priest (1990) (Cameo)
- Family Entertainment Hour (1991)
- Unleashed (2006)
- "Sam Kinison, Comedian (1953–1992)". A+E Networks. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- Luciano, Phil (2012-04-10). "Comedian called this 'home'". Peoria Journal Star. Peoria, Illinois. p. B1. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "Icon: Sam Kinison". Retrieved December 13, 2013.
- "Leader of the Banned". Megiloth.com. 1953-12-08. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- "Clean and Sober Comedy!". Recovery Comedy. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- "Clean and Sober Comedy!". Recovery Comedy. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- "Kinison: The Scream Continues (2016)". IMDb. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Stephen Holden (August 2, 1985). "Nine Comedians Appear On Dangerfield Special". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- "Sam Kinison First Appearance on Letterman". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- Sam Kinison, television biography from the Biography Channel, 2008-12-28
- Fleming, Michael. "'Brother Sam' set for HBO". Variety. November 17, 2008
- Harris, Bill. "A Chat with Bill Kinison". Bullz-Eye.com. January 13, 2009.
- "Sam Kinison's Girlfriend Claims That While the Comic Slept Off a Hard Night, She Was Being Raped by His Bodyguard". People.com. 1990-07-09. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- "Jury Deadlocks in Kinison Bodyguard's Rape Trial". Los Angeles Times. October 26, 1990.
- "Charges Dropped Against Kinison's Former Bodyguard". Apnewsarchive.com. 1991-02-08. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- Amy Wallace (April 12, 1992). "Friends Shocked by Violent Death of Mellower Kinison". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Kinison Widow Sues Brother-in-Law Over Book". SFGate. April 7, 1995. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Sam Kinison's Widow Claims Forged Will". Retrieved December 13, 2013.
- DAILY MAIL REPORTER (18 February 2011). "Sam Kinison's secret love child: DNA test allegedly prove a friend's daughter was fathered by the late comic". Daily Mail.
- "Kinison fathered lovechild, pal says | Celebrities | Entertainment". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- Bruce Lambert (April 12, 1992). "Sam Kinison, 38, Comedian, Dies; Wife Injured in Head-On Collision". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Teen in Crash Used Alcohol, CHP Says". Los Angeles Times. April 14, 1992. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Sam Kinison Autopsy Report" (PDF). Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Tranquilizers, Cocaine Found in Kinison's System". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. May 29, 1992. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- Carroll, Larry. Sam Kinison: Why Did We Laugh?. 1998. Pacific Sundog Productions, Inc.
- "Kinison album, concert vid planned". Variety. June 29, 1993. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Sam Kinison". Waymarking.com. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Gloria Scott (November 11, 2008). "Sam Kinison". Digital Journal. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- Dennis McLellan, Carrying on the Teachings: Carl LaBove Worked a Lot With, and Learned a Lot From, Sam Kinison, Los Angeles Times (April 29, 1993). Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- A Tribute to Sam Kinison, from IMDb. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- "A Tribute to Sam Kinison (Part 1 of 5)". YouTube. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Josh Gad to Headline Kinison". ComingSoon.net. CraveOnline. August 5, 2013. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Brasswell, Sean (20 October 2016). "The Unholy Gospel of Sam Kinison". OZY. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
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