Rock at the 2012 premiere of
What to Expect When You’re Expecting
|Birth name||Christopher Julius Rock III|
February 7, 1965 |
Andrews, South Carolina, U.S.
|Genres||Black comedy, musical comedy, observational comedy, political satire|
|Subject(s)||African-American culture, current events, human sexuality, marriage, politics, popular culture, race relations, racism|
|Influences||Bill Cosby, Redd Foxx, Dick Gregory, Flip Wilson, Richard Pryor, Steve Martin, Pigmeat Markham, Woody Allen, Eddie Murphy, Sam Kinison, George Carlin, Mort Sahl, Rodney Dangerfield,|
|Influenced||Dave Chappelle, Christian Finnegan, George Lopez|
|Spouse||Malaak Compton-Rock (1996–2014, divorce filed)|
|Relative(s)||Tony Rock (brother)|
After working as a standup comic and appearing in small film roles, Rock came to wider prominence as a cast member of Saturday Night Live in the early 1990s. He went on to more prominent film appearances, with starring roles in Down to Earth (2001), Head of State (2003), the Madagascar film series (2005–2012), Grown Ups (2010), its sequel Grown Ups 2 (2013), Top Five (2014), and a series of acclaimed comedy specials for HBO. He developed, wrote, and narrated the sitcom Everybody Hates Chris (2005–2009). Rock hosted the 77th Academy Awards in 2005 and the 88th in 2016. He has won four Emmy Awards and three Grammy Awards.
He was voted the fifth-greatest stand-up comedian in a poll conducted by Comedy Central. He was also voted in the United Kingdom as the ninth-greatest stand-up comic on Channel 4's 100 Greatest Stand-Ups in 2007, and again in the updated 2010 list as the eighth-greatest stand-up comic.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Comedic style and views
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Filmography
- 6 Discography
- 7 Awards and nominations
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
Rock was born in Andrews, South Carolina. Shortly after his birth, his parents moved to Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York. A few years later, they relocated and settled in the working-class area of Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. His mother, Rosalie (née Tingman), was a teacher and social worker for the mentally handicapped; his father, Christopher Julius Rock II, was a truck driver and newspaper deliveryman. Julius died in 1988 after ulcer surgery. Chris's younger brothers, Tony, Kenny, and Jordan, are also in the entertainment business. His older half-brother, Charles, died in 2006 after a long struggle with alcoholism. Rock has said that he was influenced by the performing style of his paternal grandfather, Allen Rock, a preacher.
Rock was bused to schools in predominately white neighborhoods of Brooklyn, where he endured bullying and beatings from white students. As he got older, the bullying became worse and Rock’s parents pulled him out of James Madison High School. He decided to drop out of high school altogether, but he later earned a GED. Rock then worked menial jobs at various fast-food restaurants.
Rock began doing stand-up comedy in 1984 in New York City's Catch a Rising Star. He slowly rose up the ranks of the comedy circuit in addition to earning bit roles in the film I’m Gonna Git You Sucka and the TV series Miami Vice. Upon seeing his act at a nightclub, Eddie Murphy befriended and mentored the aspiring comic. Murphy gave Rock his first film role in Beverly Hills Cop II.
Saturday Night Live
Rock became a cast member of the popular sketch comedy series Saturday Night Live in 1990. He and other new cast members Chris Farley, Adam Sandler, Rob Schneider and David Spade became known as the Bad Boys of SNL. In 1991, he released his first comedy album, Born Suspect and won acclaim for his role as a crack addict in the film New Jack City. His tenure on SNL gave Rock national exposure.
A frustrated Rock left Saturday Night Live in 1993, appearing instead as a special guest star on the predominantly African-American sketch show In Living Color. The show, however, was cancelled months later. Rock then decided to concentrate on a film career. He wrote and starred in the mockumentary CB4 but the film was not a success. Acting jobs became scarce, and Rock abandoned Hollywood to concentrate on stand-up comedy.
Rock starred in his first HBO comedy special in 1994 titled Big Ass Jokes. But it was his second stand-up special, 1996’s Bring the Pain, that reinvented Rock as one of the most acclaimed comedians in the industry. For it Rock won two Emmy Awards and gained large critical acclaim. The segment on race in America, in which Rock used the “N word” extensively, was most talked about. Adding to his popularity was his much-publicized role as a commentator for Comedy Central's Politically Incorrect during the 1996 Presidential elections which earned him another Emmy nomination. Rock also was the voice for the "Lil Penny" puppet who was the alter ego to basketball star Penny Hardaway in a series of Nike shoe commercials from 1994–1998, and hosted the '97 MTV Video Music Awards.
Rock later had two more HBO comedy specials: Bigger & Blacker in 1999, and Never Scared in 2004. Articles relating to both specials called Rock “the funniest man in America” in Time and Entertainment Weekly. HBO also aired his talk show, The Chris Rock Show, which gained critical acclaim for Rock's interviews with celebrities and politicians. The show won an Emmy for writing. His television work has won him a total of three Emmy Awards and 15 nominations. By the end of the decade, Rock was established as one of the preeminent stand-up comedians and comic minds of his generation.
It was not until the success of his stand-up act in the late 1990s that Rock began receiving major parts in films. Though he started off with supporting roles in films such as Dogma, Beverly Hills Ninja, Lethal Weapon 4, and Nurse Betty, he went on to star in films like The Longest Yard, Bad Company, and Down to Earth. Some of his 2010s film appearances include Death at a Funeral, Grown Ups, and 2 Days in New York.
Rock has also increasingly worked behind the camera, both as a writer and director of Head of State and I Think I Love My Wife (both in which he played the lead role). Additionally, he has done voice work for the popular Madagascar animated film franchise.
In the fall of 2005, the UPN television network premiered a comedy series called Everybody Hates Chris, loosely based on Rock's school days, of which he is the executive producer and narrator. The show has garnered both critical and ratings success. The series was nominated for a 2006 Golden Globe for Best TV Series (Musical or Comedy), a 2006 People's Choice Award for Favorite New Television Comedy, and two 2006 Emmy Awards for costuming and cinematography. He produced the series Totally Biased with W. Kamau Bell, which premiered in August 2012.
In early 2005, Rock hosted the 77th Academy Awards ceremony. The decision to have Rock host the awards was seen by some as a chance to bring an "edge" to the ceremony, and to make it more relevant or appealing to younger audiences. Jokingly, Rock opened by saying "Welcome to the 77th and LAST Academy Awards!" During one segment Rock asked, "Who is this guy?" in reference to actor Jude Law seemingly appearing in every movie Rock had seen that year and implied Law was a low-rent Tom Cruise (he made a joke about filmmakers rushing production when unable to get the actors they want: "If you want Tom Cruise and all you can get is Jude Law, wait [to make the film]!"). Subsequently, a defensive Sean Penn took the stage to present and said, "In answer to our host's question, Jude Law is one of our finest young actors." (At the time, Penn and Law were shooting All the King's Men.) Law was not the only actor that Rock poked fun at that evening, however—he turned the joke on himself at one point, saying, "If you want Denzel [Washington] and all you can get is me, wait!" Older Oscar officials were reportedly displeased with Rock's performance, which did not elevate ratings for the ceremony. Rock was also criticized for referring to the Oscars as "idiotic", and asserting that heterosexual men do not watch them, in an interview prior to Oscar night.
On October 21, 2015 the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced Rock would host the 88th Academy Awards. When the subsequent acting nominations turned out to be white people at the expense of any minority, Rock was called upon to join a boycott of the ceremony. However, Rock decided to decline stating at the ceremony that it would have accomplished little since the show would have proceeded anyway with himself simply replaced. Instead, Rock decide to make his concerns about the lack of diversity in AMPAS a source of material for the show, with pointed ridicule at AMPAS throughout the ceremony and its apparent racial bias beginning with his opening monologue and subsequent recorded sketches until he closed with the ceremony with "Black Lives Matter."
Rock's first music video was for his song "Your Mother's Got a Big Head" from his album Born Suspect. Rock also made videos for his songs "Champagne" from Roll With the New and "No Sex (In the Champagne Room)" from Bigger & Blacker. Chris Rock also directed and appeared in the music video for the Red Hot Chili Peppers song "Hump de Bump".
Rock appeared in the Big Daddy Kane music video "Smooth Operator" as a guy getting his hair cut.
Comedic style and views
Rock's subject matter typically involves family, politics, romance, music, class relationships, and race relations in the United States. Though not strictly autobiographical, much of his comic standpoint seem rooted in his teenage experience; his strict parents, concerned about the inadequacies of the local school system, arranged to have the adolescent Rock bused to a nearly all-white high school in Bensonhurst (an Italian-ethnic neighborhood of Brooklyn known at the time for poor race relations). In his memoir Rock This, the comedian recalls, "My parents assumed I'd get a better education in a better neighborhood. What I actually got was a worse education in a worse neighborhood. And a whole bunch of ass-whippings."
The comedian has also expressed discomfort with the notion that success in standup comedy—or, indeed, in any aspect of the entertainment industry—should oblige him to serve as a role model. In this position, he finds himself directly at odds with one of his comic idols, Bill Cosby. Cosby has reprimanded Rock both explicitly—for his famous/notorious Niggas vs. Black People track—and implicitly, for heavy use of the word "nigger." Rock has not wavered from a position explored in his 1996 Roll With The New show, and reiterated in his 1997 memoir: "Why does the public expect entertainers to behave better than everybody else? It's ridiculous...Of course, this is just for black entertainers. You don't see anyone telling Jerry Seinfeld he's a good role model. Because everyone expects whites to behave themselves...Nowadays, you've got to be an entertainer and a leader. It's too much." Often the subject of tabloids, when asked about paparazzi and the other negative aspects of fame, Rock says he accepts the bad with the good: "You can't be happy that fire cooks your food and be mad it burns your fingertips."
At the London Live Earth concert on July 7, 2007, which was broadcast live on the BBC, before introducing the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Rock called the crowd "motherfuckers" and "shit" after a brief sigh when he said he was joking. Due to the broadcast being at 5:45 pm Rock was immediately cut off, and the BBC made several apologies for his use of the word "motherfucker."
Chris Rock has been an avid fan of the New York Mets baseball team since childhood. He famously complained that his team "had no money" in a comedic rant during a 2011 interview with David Letterman.
Rock married Malaak Compton-Rock on November 23, 1996. Compton-Rock is the founder and executive director of StyleWorks, a non-profit, full-service salon that provides free services for women leaving welfare and entering the workforce. The couple lived in Alpine, New Jersey with their two daughters, Lola Simone (born 2002) and Zahra Savannah (born 2004). In December 2014, Rock announced that he had filed for divorce from Compton-Rock.
In 2008, Rock's family history was profiled on the PBS series African American Lives 2. A DNA test showed that he is descended from the Udeme people (Ouldémé) of northern Cameroon. Rock's great-great-grandfather, Julius Caesar Tingman, was a slave for 21 years before serving as part of the United States Colored Troops until 1866; Tingman fought in the American Civil War. During the 1940s, Rock's paternal grandfather moved from South Carolina to New York City to become a taxicab driver and preacher.
Rock is a vocal critic of racial profiling and often speaks of the "everyday racism" he feels he experiences, despite being famous. In a 2013 episode of Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee with Jerry Seinfeld, Rock and Seinfeld are pulled over by the police for speeding. In the episode Rock admits to Seinfeld that "If you weren't here, I'd be scared. Yeah, I'm famous – still black." In 2015, Rock was pulled over three times in the first three months of the year. Each time Rock posted a selfie of the incident, so far without further comment as to the reason for the stops.
|1985||Krush Groove||Person Standing Next to Phone During Fight in Club||uncredited|
|1987||Beverly Hills Cop II||Playboy Mansion Valet|
|1988||Comedy's Dirtiest Dozen||Himself||Direct-to-video Concert film|
|1988||I'm Gonna Git You Sucka||Rib Joint Customer|
|1989||Who Is Chris Rock?||Himself||Documentary Short|
|1991||New Jack City||Pookie|
|1993||CB4||Albert Brown/M.C. Gusto||Also writer and co-producer|
|1995||The Immortals||Deke Anthony|
|1996||Sgt. Bilko||1st Lt. Oster|
|1997||Beverly Hills Ninja||Joey Washington|
|1998||Dr. Dolittle||Rodney (voice)|
|1998||Lethal Weapon 4||Detective Lee Butters||Supporting Role|
|1999||Torrance Rises||Himself||Documentary short|
|2001||Down to Earth||Lance Barton||Also writer and executive producer|
|2001||AI: Artificial Intelligence||Mecha Comedian (voice)||Cameo|
|2001||Pootie Tang||JB/Radio DJ/Pootie's Father||Also producer|
|2001||Osmosis Jones||Osmosis Jones (voice)|
|2001||Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back||Chaka Luther King||Cameo|
|2002||Bad Company||Jake Hayes/Kevin Pope/Michael Turner|
|2003||Pauly Shore Is Dead||Himself||Cameo|
|2003||Head of State||Mays Gilliam||Also director, producer, writer|
|2004||Paparazzi||Pizza Delivery Guy||Cameo|
|2005||The Longest Yard||Farrell Caretaker|
|2007||I Think I Love My Wife||Richard Marcus Cooper||Also director, producer, writer|
|2007||Bee Movie||Mooseblood the Mosquito (voice)|
|2008||You Don't Mess with the Zohan||Taxi Driver||Cameo|
|2008||Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa||Marty and other zebras (voice)|
|2009||Good Hair||Himself||Documentary (also producer)|
|2010||Death at a Funeral||Aaron||Also producer, remake of the 2007 film of the same name|
|2010||Grown Ups||Kurt McKenzie|
|2012||2 Days in New York||Mingus|
|2012||What to Expect When You're Expecting||Vic|
|2012||Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted||Marty (voice)||Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Voice|
|2013||Madly Madagascar||Marty (voice)|
|2013||Grown Ups 2||Kurt McKenzie|
|2014||Top Five||Andre Allen||Also director and writer
Nominated—Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor in a Comedy
|2015||A Very Murray Christmas||Himself|
|1987||Uptown Comedy Express||Himself||Stand-up special|
|1987||Miami Vice||Carson||Episode: "Missing Hours"|
|1990–1993||Saturday Night Live||Various||59 episodes|
|1993–1994||In Living Color||Various||6 episodes|
|1994||Big Ass Jokes||Himself||Stand-up special|
|1995||The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air||Maurice/Jasmine||Episode: "Get a Job"|
|1996–1998||The Moxy Show||Flea||Uncredited voice role|
|1996||Martin||Valentino||Episode: "The Love Jones Connection"|
|1996||Homicide: Life on the Street||Carver||Episode: "Requiem for Adena""|
|1996||Bring the Pain||Himself||Stand-up special|
|1996||Saturday Night Live||Host||Episode: "Chris Rock/The Wallflowers"|
|1997||1997 MTV Video Music Awards||Host||TV special|
|1997||Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||Woody (voice)||Episode: "Pinocchio"|
|1997–2000||The Chris Rock Show||Himself||37 episodes; also creator, writer, executive producer|
|1998||King of the Hill||Roger "Booda" Sack (voice)||Episode: "Traffic Jam"|
|1998||Mr. Show with Bob and David||Himself||Episode: "Eat Rotten Fruit from a Shitty Tree"|
|1999||1999 MTV Video Music Awards||Host||TV special|
|2000||Bigger & Blacker||Himself||Stand-up special|
|2003||2003 MTV Video Music Awards||Host||TV special|
|2003||The Bernie Mac Show||Himself||Episode: "Pink gold"|
|2004||Never Scared||Himself||Stand-up special|
|2005||77th Academy Awards||Host||TV special|
|2005–2009||Everybody Hates Chris||Narrator/Mr. Abbott||88 episodes; also creator, writer, executive producer|
|2008||Kill the Messenger||Himself||Stand-up special|
|2012||Tosh.0||Himself||Episode: "How to Draw Guy"|
|2013||A.N.T. Farm||Himself||Episode: "Animal HusbANTry"|
|2013||Real Husbands of Hollywood||Himself||Episode: "Rock, Paper, Stealers"|
|2014||BET Awards 2014||Host||TV special|
|2014||Saturday Night Live||Host||Episode: "Chris Rock/Prince"|
|2015||Empire||Frank Gathers||Episode: "The Devils Are Here"|
|2015||Amy Schumer: Live at The Apollo||Director|
|2016||88th Academy Awards||Host||TV special|
As executive producer
|1998–2002||The Hughleys||89 episodes|
|2012–2013||Totally Biased with W. Kamau Bell||64 episodes|
|2011||The Motherfucker with the Hat||Ralph D.|
|1997||Roll with the New||93||41|
|1999||Bigger & Blacker||44||26|
Awards and nominations
- Chris Rock: Bring the Pain (TV). HBO. 1996.[page needed]
- Wolk, Josh (March 19, 2004). "Chris Rock On Fire". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
- Friday Night with Jonathan Ross. Season 14. January 11, 2008. BBC One. part 2
- Weiss, Rebecca (April 27, 2007). "Christian Finnegan Chats". The Cornell Daily Sun. Retrieved October 15, 2007.
- "Chris Rock". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 13. Episode 6. March 13, 2007. Bravo.
- "Chris Rock". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011.
- Sources differ on his year of birth. In his book Rock This!, Rock gives his birth date as February 7, 1966. However, Rock stated he was 42 years old on his February 28, 2007, appearance on The Oprah Winfrey Show, which is pre-taped and not broadcast live.
- Cindy Pearlman (January 29, 2001). "Rolling Rock: Chris Rock Hits His Hollywood Stride". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- Anne M. Todd; Rose Blue; Corinne J. Naden (1 January 2009). Chris Rock: Comedian and Actor. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4381-0074-6.
- "Jordan Rock: JayRockStar619's Channel". YouTube. August 31, 2006. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- World Entertainment News Network (October 4, 2007). "Chris Rock Feels He 'Failed' Deceased Brother". Starpulse.com. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
- Oppenheim, Gabe (October 9, 2008). "Tony Rock, Standing Up To His Name". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- Bennun, David (2000). "Chris Rock". Retrieved October 20, 2007.
- Chappell, Kevin (October 1999). "Bigger, Better, And Hotter! Chris Rock Talks About Fame, Controversy And The Challenge Of Being No. 1". Ebony. Retrieved June 9, 2010.[dead link]
- "Chris Rock Discusses 'Down to Earth'". Larry King Live (CNN). February 12, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2010.
- Gallahue, Patrick (June 18, 2005). "Chris Rock Gets Show Based on Childhood". New York Post. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- Roberts, Andrew (November 1, 2014). "The Story Behind Chris Rock’s Firing From ‘Saturday Night Live’". Uproxx. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Fallon, Kevin (June 14, 2015). "The Secrets of ‘Saturday Night Live’: Where Comedy Legends Are Born". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Chappell, Kevin (May 1997). "Chris Rock: hot comic is on the roll of his life". Ebony. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
- AllMovie.com review
- Sweeney, Kathy (June 1, 2001). "Chris Rock: The funniest man in America?". The Guardian (London). Retrieved October 20, 2007.
- Handy, Bruce (2001). "America's Best Artist's and Entertainers". Time. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
- Sample, Kristin (July 10, 2008). "Chris Rock to do his fifth HBO special in September – TCA Report". TVSquad.com. Retrieved July 25, 2008.
- Furey, Phil (April 16, 2010). "Chris Rock sets comic sights on devilish credit". Reuters. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- "Icon Chris Rock". Maxim. April 2007.
- "Chris Rock effect fails to boost Oscars"; The Guardian Unlimited; March 2, 2005
- Lundegaard, Erik; "Hey, Chris Rock: Shut the [bleep] up: A film critic takes the Oscar host to task for his film criticism"; MSNBC; February 3, 2005
- "Chris Rock, Oscars host, slams Oscars"; Sydney Morning Herald/Reuters; February 16, 2005
- Chris Rock to host 2016 Oscars
- Abad-Santos, Alex (29 February 2016). "Oscars 2016: Chris Rock dismisses Oscars boycotts in a surprising, political monologue". Vox. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- ['Hollywood IS racist': Chris Rock skewers his Oscars audience and killer cops in rip-roaring monologue but saves his real scorn for the boycott brigade Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3468716/Hollywood-racist-Chris-Rock-skewers-Oscar-s-audience-killer-cops-rip-roaring-monologue-saves-real-scorn-boycott-brigade.html#ixzz41aRuGa63 "'Hollywood IS racist': Chris Rock skewers his Oscars audience and killer cops in rip-roaring monologue but saves his real scorn for the boycott brigade"] Check
|url=value (help). Daily Mail. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Healy, Patrick. "Chris Rock Takes On Broadway in ‘Hat’", The New York Times blog, October 22, 2010.
- Rock, Chris. Rock This Hyperion, 1997, p. 46. "I got bused from Bed-Stuy to a white school in a poor white neighborhood: Gerretson Beach, Brooklyn... What I actually got was a worse education in a worse neighborhood..."
- Morano, Marc. CNSNews. "Bill Cosby to Blacks," July 2, 2004. "When you put on a record, and that record is yelling 'nigger this' and 'nigger that' and cursing all over the thing and you got your little six-year-old and seven-year-old sitting in the back seat of the car—those children hear that... That's all minstrel show stuff. I am tired of it."
- Rock, Chris. Rock This; Hyperion, 1997, p. 16.
- "Everybody Loves Chris".
- "Chris Rock defends Live Earth swearing: Comic is critical of climate change show despite being host"; nme.com; July 7, 2007.
- Klopman, Michael (April 1, 2011). "Chris Rock Complains About The Mets On Letterman (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- Dagostino, Mark (March 1, 2007). "Chris Rock, Wife Say Their Marriage Is Solid". People. Retrieved August 19, 2008.
- Century, Douglas (February 11, 2007). "Alpine, N.J., Home of Hip-Hop Royalty". The New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2007.
- Rich, Frank (November 30, 2014). "In Conversation: Chris Rock". New York.
- Corriston, Michele (December 28, 2014). "Chris Rock & Wife Malaak Compton-Rock Split". People. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Goffe, Leslie. "Americans seek their African roots", BBC, June 29, 2009.
- "Chris Rock". African American Lives 2. PBS. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- "Chris Rock is Taking a Selfie Everytime He Gets Pulled Over By The Police". MotherJones. April 1, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "In Conversation Chris Rock". Vulture. November 30, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "Jerry Seinfeld and Chris Rock Pulled Over for Speeding by New Jersey Cop". NYmag. 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
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