Samyukta Electronic Warfare System
Samyukta is a mobile integrated electronic warfare system. Touted to be the largest electronic warfare system in India, it was developed jointly by DRDO, Bharat Electronics Limited, Electronics Corporation of India Limited, and Corps of Signals of Indian Army. The System is fully mobile and is meant for tactical battlefield use. It covers wide range of frequencies and coverage of electromagnetic spectrum is handled by the communication segment and the non-communication segment. Its functions include various ELINT, COMINT and electronic attack(ECM) activities.
Each system operates on 145 ground mobile vehicles which has three communication and two non-communication segments and can cover an area of 150 km by 70 km. System has the capability for surveillance, analysis, interception, direction finding, and position fixing, listing, prioritising and jamming of all communication and radar signals from HF to MMW.
This system will ensure dominance over electro-magnetic spectrum which basically means it will jam enemy surveillance signals and voice and radar signals while ensuring its own signals are not jammed by the enemy. It is described as a force multiplier.
Stressing the need of indigenous development in the field of electronic warfare systems, President Abdul Kalam said:
The electronic warfare system is a force multiplier system which needs high level of secrecy for maintaining surprise against adversary actions. In such a situation, it is essential that the system design, architecture and deployment knowledge is generated within the country and maintained as a closely guarded information by the services. This is essential to ensuring tactical and strategic advantage for our armed forces during an operation.
The development of the system was led by Defence Electronics Research Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited, Electronics Corporation of India Limited, Corps of Signals of Indian Army and private companies like CMC and Tata Power Company Ltd. Strategic Electronics Division (TataPowerSED). Around 40 companies also contributed by producing various components indigenously. Aatre said that the challenge was to tackle the sanctions imposed by the United States after 1998 nuclear tests conducted by India which banned the import of advanced electronic components. CMC and TataPowerSED jointly developed Command and Control Software having 10 million lines of code even though project was not attractive commercially.
- "Army gets hi-tech warfare system". Deccan Herald. 20 January 2004.
- "DRDO Develops Mobile Electronic Warfare System". Financial Express. 7 April 2004. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22.
- "New electronic warfare system developed". The Hindu Business Line. 21 January 2004.
- "Samyukta' presented to the Army". The Hindu. 20 January 2004.
- "Kalam recipe for development". The Hindu Business Line. 20 January 2004.