Sand animation, also known as sand art, is a term which has two meanings. It is the name given to a style of live performance art and to a type of animation. In the former, an artist creates a series of images using sand, a process which is achieved by applying sand to a surface and then rendering images by drawing lines and figures in the sand with one's hands. A sand animation performer will often use the aid of an overhead projector or lightbox (similar to one used by photographers to view translucent films). In the latter, animators move around sand on a backlighted or frontlighted piece of glass to create each frame for their animated films.
The technique was invented in 1968 by Caroline Leaf, who made her first film, Sand, or Peter and the Wolf, Harvard University. The short was made by dumping sand on a light box and manipulating the textures frame-by-frame.
- Ferenc Cakó, from Hungary
- Su Dabao, from China
- Caroline Leaf, from Canada
- Kseniya Simonova, from Ukraine
- Ilana Yahav, from Israel
- Charlene Lanzel, from New York City
- Manisha Swarnkar, from India
- Sand, or Peter and the Wolf (1968) by Caroline Leaf
- The Sand Castle (1977) by Co Hoedeman
- Sesame Street (Sand Alphabet) (1974-1991)
- Tracks, a 2003 animated short
- Evans, Gary (30 September 1991). In the National Interest: A Chronicle of the National Film Board of Canada from 1949 to 1989. University of Toronto Press. p. 232. ISBN 978-0802068330. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sand animation.|
- An explanation of how to make animated films with sand animation
- Marcos Magalhães' "Animando" - a visual demonstration of how to make a sand animation (also features other animation types)
- Watch Caroline Leaf's film The Owl Who Married a Goose at NFB.ca
- Official website of company that produces sand animation lightboxes
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