Satellite emergency notification device
A Satellite Emergency Notification Device or SEND is a portable emergency notification and locating device which uses commercial satellite systems rather than the COSPAS-SARSAT satellite system. An example of this device is SPOT.
The devices use an internal GPS chip to gather location information. When the SEND is triggered, this information is sent via commercial satellite to a commercial monitoring agency whose role is to pass the information to an appropriate responding agency. The responding agency contacted depends, in part, on the location. Examples of responding agencies would be military Search and Rescue, Coast Guard, local police, voluntary Search and Rescue.
Typical users/purchasers of these devices are participants in activities such as hiking, mountain biking, climbing, boating and flying. They are also useful for those who work in remote areas (loggers, foresters, geologists, fisheries and wildlife staff).
Additional features are increasingly being offered: sending preprogrammed messages, breadcrumb tracking via Google Earth. Some newer devices offer two-way communication via satellite, for example DeLorme's inReach Communicator, the Yellowbrick 3 Messenger/Tracker, and the Somewear Global Hotspot.
The considerations when buying them, is ensuring that the International Emergency Response Coordination Centre (IERCC) which receives a distress call maintains an accurate and up-to-date database of response agencies to contact and can quickly determine which is appropriate to the situation/location. The commercial, IERCC is GEOS, used by both SPOT and DeLorme SENDs.
The US Coast Guard's National Search and Rescue Committee (NSARC) set up a working group which includes representation from other US agencies, international organizations and device manufacturers to discuss how these "technologies can be properly reviewed and integrated with the SAR response system in the United States" and to aid the Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services (RTCM) in "development of a minimum operating and performance specification for such devices". The RTCM working group SC has completed and approved a standard for Emergency Satellite Notification Systems, which was published in August 2011.
BriarTek was granted a US Patent on August 2, 2011 for a "Global Birectional Locator Beacon and Emergency Communications System", which covers SENDs with Receive / Transmit capabilities such as the DeLorme inReach unit.
inReach, like SPOT, does not use the 406 MHz signal nor the system of satellites. Instead, it depends on the Iridium satellite system. Unlike SPOT, inReach is a two way system capable of receiving confirmation that the message was received. Like SPOT, the message is transmitted to the private GEOS International Emergency Response Center who then notifies the appropriate SAR authorities.
inReach also provides tracking capability and two way SMS text messages.
Somewear Global Hotspot
The Somewear Global Hotspot, like inReach, also depends on the Iridium satellite system. It enables two-way messaging, live tracking, and 24-hour weather forecasting. In the event that an SOS distress signal is triggered, the information is transmitted to the GEOS who coordinates the rescue with the appropriate local authorities.
SPOT does not use the 406 MHz signal nor the system of satellites. Instead, it depends on the GlobalStar satellite system. It has richer features (for instance, can send many non-emergency signals) - but it does not work in as many places as 406 MHz PLBs - for instance under dense forest canopy or steep canyons. When a user presses the "911" button on a SPOT device an emergency message containing the unit's identification and GPS location is transmitted to the GEOS International Emergency Response Center who then notifies the appropriate emergency agency for the region after first calling the user to ensure the transmission is not accidental.
SPOT additionally has the ability to provide non-emergency web based tracking information. This allows family or friends at home to track the holder's progress. The tracking operates by sending a tracking signal to the GlobalStar network every 10 minutes. This feature can additionally be useful to provide location of an individual even if the individual is unable to activate the emergency '911' button.
Typical costs are $169 plus a $99/year service fee for basic services or $150/yr for basic services and tracking services, as compared to around $250 for a 406-MHz PLB with no service fee.
Yellowbrick, like SPOT, does not use the 406 MHz signal nor the system of satellites. Instead, it depends on the Iridium satellite system. Unlike SPOT, Yellowbrick is a two way system capable of receiving confirmation that the message was received and exchange two-way messages via short emails and SMS. Alert messages are transmitted to destinations specified by the owner.
- Emergency locator beacon
- Emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station, which covers PLB, ELT, EPIRB
-  Yellowbrick two-way messenger datasheet
- GEOS Search and Rescue
-  NSARC minutes from December 2009
-  Emerging technologies in commercially available alerting devices from ICAO/IMO JOINT WORKING GROUP, October 2009
-  NATIONAL GMDSS IMPLEMENTATION TASK FORCE
- pdf US Patent 7,991,380 B2
- SPOT Satellite Messenger FIRST LOOK - EQUIPPED TO SURVIVE (tm)
- SPOT Emergency Response
- How SPOT works
- Yellowbrick Website Archived 2014-07-22 at the Wayback Machine