School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester

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School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester
Schuster Laboratory.jpg
The Schuster Laboratory on Brunswick Street is the main site of the School of Physics and Astronomy
Location Manchester, United Kingdom
Affiliations Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences,
University of Manchester
Website physics.manchester.ac.uk

The School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester is one of the largest and most active Physics departments in the UK, taking around 250 new undergraduates and 50 postgraduates each year, and employing more than 80 members of academic staff and over 100 research fellows and associates.[1] The school is based on two sites: the Schuster Laboratory on Brunswick Street and the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics in Cheshire, international headquarters of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA).[2]

According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the school is the 9th best Physics department in the world and best in Europe.[3] It is ranked equal 7th place in the UK by GPA according to the Research Excellence Framework (REF) in 2014.[4] The University has a long history of physics dating back to 1874, which includes 12 Nobel laureates,[5] most recently Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov who were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010 for their discovery of graphene.[6][7][8]

Research groups[edit]

The School of Physics and Astronomy comprises eight research groups:

  1. Astronomy and Astrophysics
  2. Biological Physics
  3. Condensed Matter Physics
  4. Nonlinear Dynamics and Liquid Crystal Physics
  5. Photon Physics
  6. Particle Physics
  7. Nuclear Physics
  8. Theoretical Physics

Research in the department of Physics has been funded by the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)[9] and the Royal Society.

Notable faculty[edit]

Professor Andre Geim FRS is one of the few people to hold both an Ig Nobel Prize and Nobel Prize.
Kostya Novoselov FRS, Langworthy Professor of Physics
Professor Brian Cox OBE, widely known for BBC television series such as Wonders of the Solar System.
Early work on Graphene (above) took place in the Manchester Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology and will move to the National Graphene Institute in 2015

As of 2015 the School employs 53 Professors, including Emeritus Professors.[10]

Emeritus professors[edit]

The department is also home to a number of Emeritus Scientists, pursuing their research interests after their formal retirement including:

History of the School[edit]

Sir Bernard Lovell (1913-2012) is part of a long and distinguished history of Physics in Manchester going back to 1874.[24]

The school has origins dating back to 1874 when Balfour Stewart was appointed the first Langworthy Professor of Physics at Owens College, Manchester. Stewart was the first to identify an electrified atmospheric layer (now known as the ionosphere) which could distort the Earth's magnetic field. The theory of the ionosphere was postulated by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1839, Stewart published the first experimental confirmation of the theory in 1878.[24] Since then, the school has hosted many award-winning scientists[24] including:

In 2004, the two separate departments of Physics at the Victoria University of Manchester and the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) were merged to form the current School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester. See physicists associated with the University of Manchester for a complete list of physicists in Manchester and their achievements.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Stappers, B. W. (2013). "The square kilometre array and the transient universe". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 371 (1992): 20120284. Bibcode:2013RSPTA.37120284S. doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0284. PMID 23630382.
  3. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2018 - Physics". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2018.
  4. ^ Jump, Paul (2014). "REF 2014: results by subject". Times Higher Education.
  5. ^ "Our Nobel Prize winners". University of Manchester. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-01-13.
  6. ^ a b Brumfiel, G. (2010). "Andre Geim: In praise of graphene". Nature. doi:10.1038/news.2010.525.
  7. ^ a b Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S. (2007). "The rise of graphene". Nature Materials. 6 (3): 183–191. arXiv:cond-mat/0702595. Bibcode:2007NatMa...6..183G. doi:10.1038/nmat1849. PMID 17330084.
  8. ^ Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.; Jiang, D.; Katsnelson, M. I.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Dubonos, S. V.; Firsov, A. A. (2005). "Two-dimensional gas of massless Dirac fermions in graphene". Nature. 438 (7065): 197–200. arXiv:cond-mat/0509330. Bibcode:2005Natur.438..197N. doi:10.1038/nature04233. PMID 16281030.
  9. ^ Grants awarded to the School of Physics and Astronomy Manchester, via Research Councils UK.
  10. ^ "Staff in the School of Physics and Astronomy". University of Manchester. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-01-13.
  11. ^ Lewis, Anthony; Bridle, Sarah (2002). "Cosmological parameters from CMB and other data: A Monte Carlo approach". Physical Review D. 66 (10). arXiv:astro-ph/0205436. Bibcode:2002PhRvD..66j3511L. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.66.103511.
  12. ^ a b Butterworth, J. M.; Cox, B. E.; Forshaw, J. R. (2002). "WW scattering at the CERN LHC". Physical Review D. 65 (9). arXiv:hep-ph/0201098. Bibcode:2002PhRvD..65i6014B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.65.096014.
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