Sheikh Ali al-Bakka Mosque

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Sheikh Ali al-Bakka Mosque
Ali al-Bakka Mosque.jpg
Ali al-Bakka Mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
DistrictHebron Governorate
ProvinceWest Bank
RegionPalestine
StatusActive
Location
LocationState of Palestine Harat ash-Sheikh, Old City, Hebron
Architecture
TypeMosque
StyleMamluk
Completed1282
Minaret(s)1

Sheikh Ali al-Bakka Mosque (also spelled Shaykh Ali al-Baka Mosque) is a 13th-century mosque in the northwestern section of the Old City of Hebron in the southern West Bank. It is situated in the Harat ash-Sheikh (or Sheik Ali al-Bakka) quarter, one of the Old City's four quarters, which is named after the mosque.[1]

The mosque was founded by the Husam ad-Din Turuntay in 1282 during the reign of Mamluk sultan al-Mansur Qalawun. Turuntay was the representative of the sultan in Jerusalem. The sanctuary is named after Sheikh Ali al-Bakka, a renowned Sufi religious leader from Iraq who lived in Hebron.[2]

The original mosque was mostly demolished, however the minaret still stands and is viewed as an exemplary work of Mamluk architecture. Sitting on a rectangular base, its shaft has a hexagonal shape. The minaret base has an arched corridor which leads to the courtyard. In 1978 a new mosque was built on the site, but preserved the remains of the original mosque.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, ca. 1881, vol. 3, p. 195
  2. ^ a b Dandis, Wala. History of Hebron. 2011-11-07. Retrieved on 2012-03-02.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Al-Maqrizi (1840). Histoire des sultans mamlouks, de l'Égypte, écrite en arabe (in French and Latin). 1, part 1. Translator: Étienne Marc Quatremère. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. (p. 242)
  • Moudjir ed-dyn (1876). Sauvaire (ed.). Histoire de Jérusalem et d'Hébron depuis Abraham jusqu'à la fin du XVe siècle de J.-C. : fragments de la Chronique de Moudjir-ed-dyn. (pp. 220, 222, 224, 227, 291 ff)
  • Sharon, M. (2013). Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae, H-I. 5. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-25097-2. (Sharon, 2013, p. 58 ff)
  • Wilson, Charles Williams, ed. (c. 1881). Picturesque Palestine, Sinai and Egypt. 3. New York: D. Appleton.