Sidmouth

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Sidmouth
SidmouthBeach.JPG
Looking east along Sidmouth Beach
Sidmouth is located in Devon
Sidmouth
Sidmouth
 Sidmouth shown within Devon
Population 12,569 
OS grid reference SY124874
District East Devon
Shire county Devon
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Sidmouth
Postcode district EX10
Dialling code 01395
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament East Devon
List of places
UK
England
Devon

Coordinates: 50°40′48″N 3°14′20″W / 50.680°N 3.239°W / 50.680; -3.239

Sidmouth /ˈsɪdməθ/ is a town situated on the English Channel coast in Devon, South West England, 14 miles (23 km) east of Exeter. In 2004, it had a population of about 15,000, of whom 40% were aged 65 or over.[1] By the time of the 2011 census the population was 12,569.[2] It is a tourist resort and a gateway to the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site. A large part of the town has been designated a conservation area.

History[edit]

Sidmouth Beach in 1924

Sidmouth appeared in the Domesday Book as Sedemuda, meaning "mouth of the Sid".[3] Like many such settlements, it was originally a fishing village. Although attempts have been made to construct a harbour, none has succeeded. A lack of shelter in the bay prevented growth as a port.[4]

Sidmouth remained a village until the fashion for coastal resorts grew in the Georgian and Victorian periods of the 18th and 19th centuries. A number of Georgian and Regency buildings still remain.[5] In 1819, George III's son Edward, Duke of Kent, his wife, and baby daughter (the future Queen Victoria) came to stay at Woolbrook Glen for a few weeks. In less than a month he had died from an illness. The house later became the Royal Glen Hotel; a plaque on an exterior wall records the visit.[6] In 1874, Sidmouth was connected to the railway network by a branch line from Sidmouth Junction, which called at Ottery St Mary and Tipton St John. This was dismantled in 1967 as a result of the Beeching Axe.[7]

In 2008, Canadian millionaire, Keith Owen, who had been on holiday in the town and planned to retire there, bequeathed the community's civic society, the Sid Vale Association, about £2.3 million upon learning that he had only weeks to live due to lung cancer.[8] The bequest was used as a capital fund to generate an annual interest dividend of around £120,000 for community projects.[9]

Geography[edit]

Sidmouth from Salcombe Hill

Sidmouth lies at the mouth of the River Sid in a valley between Peak Hill to the west and Salcombe Hill to the east. It is surrounded by the East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and is on the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site and the South West Coast Path. The red-coloured rock indicates the arid conditions of the Triassic geological period.

Erosion remains a serious concern east of the mouth of the Sid. The cliffs have been heavily eroded, threatening homes and the coastal footpath.[10][11]

The wide esplanade has been a prominent feature since Regency times. A series of southwesterly storms in the early 1990s washed away much of the shingle beach protecting the masonry. A series of artificial rock islands was constructed to protect the sea front, and tons of pebbles were trucked in to replace the beach.[12]

Transport[edit]

Sidmouth is only 12 miles from the M5 at Exeter from Junction 30, Sidmouth is then accessed by the coast road A3052. A regular bus service is run to the town from Exeter up to every half-hour by Stagecoach, the bus then carries on to Honiton or Seaton on an hourly basis. [13] Nearest railway stations are Honiton, Exeter or Exmouth; regular bus services are available from each station.

Government[edit]

Sidmouth has its own Town Council, presided over by a chairman elected from the Councillors. There are eight wards, giving a total of 19 councillors in all. The Town Clerk is the senior paid officer with a team of full-time and part-time staff. The town is responsible for many of the locally run services including the Information Centre. Sidmouth lies within the areas of East Devon District Council and Devon County Council. The total electorate of the Sidmouth ward at the 2011 census was 13,737.[14]

Sidmouth was in the Honiton parliamentary constituency from its recreation in 1885 until its abolition in 1997, since when it has been in the East Devon constituency.

Culture[edit]

Tower of Sidmouth parish church (15th century)
Sidmouth Methodist Church
Sidmouth seafront; the red cliff is Salcombe Hill exposing Jurassic rocks

Churches and museums[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Giles & St Nicholas; it was rebuilt in 1860. Of the medieval structure only the 15th century tower was retained; the architect was William White. Oddments of Norman and later stonework were included in the rebuilding. Features of interest include the reredos by S. S. Teulon and the Duke of Kent Memorial Window which Queen Victoria gave in 1867. Parts of the original fabric such as the windows were reused by the historian Peter Orlando Hutchinson in building a folly adjoining his house. He was also responsible for saving the stained glass in the vestry.[15][16] The folly is the Old Chancel in Coburg Terrace which was started by Hutchinson in 1859, in protest over the destruction of the original church fabric during rebuilding.

The museum, next to the church, has local memorabilia, historical artefacts, and geological samples.[17]

The church of All Saints, also Anglican (Taylor, architect, 1837), is in the Early English style with lancet windows and "oddly clumsy" pinnacles.[18] There were also Unitarian, Wesleyan (later Methodist) and Congregational chapels; the Unitarian chapel was founded in the 17th century by Presbyterians and the Wesleyan and Congregational ones in 1837 and 1846 respectively.[19]

Sidmouth is home to the Norman Lockyer Observatory and Planetarium, located on Salcombe Hill. The facility, completed in 1912, fell into disuse but was saved from demolition by the appeals of enthusiasts to East Devon District Council. The observatory now operates as a science education project and is open to the public.[20]

Music[edit]

Folk Week[edit]

Main article: Sidmouth Folk Week

Sidmouth Folk Week is an annual folk festival in early August attracting musicians and visitors. It became less financially viable over the years and in 2005 the last of the commercial sponsors, essential for its existence, pulled out. To continue the tradition, individuals grouped together to form Sidmouth FolkWeek Productions, a limited company. Since the change of format, the event has been held on a smaller scale, with no arena at the Knowle, though marquees are still erected in the Blackmore Gardens and The Ham at the eastern end of the town, The popular Late Night Extra feature is also run at Bulverton on the edge of Sidmouth next to the main campsite.

Sidmouth Town Band[edit]

During the summer, Sidmouth Town Band, a brass band, play a series of concerts in the Connaught Gardens each Sunday at 8.00pm. This tradition has been maintained since it was formed in the 1860s,[21] and runs from late May until early September.

In 2010, during competition, it was crowned West of England Champion in the third section. It went on to win third prize at the National Finals of Great Britain.[22] In 2011, it retained its West of England Champion title, becoming one of only a handful of bands to win back-to-back titles, and was promoted to the second section from 2012.[23]

Literary associations[edit]

Sidmouth has featured in various literary works, e.g. as "Stymouth" in Beatrix Potter's children's story The Tale of Little Pig Robinson (1930) in which the author included views of the beach and other parts of the Devon countryside. In Thomas Hardy's Wessex it is the inspiration for "Idmouth". "Baymouth" in William Makepeace Thackeray's Pendennis, and "Spudmouth" in the The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood by Howard Pyle, are both based on the town. The poet Elizabeth Barrett lived in the town from 1832 until 1835.[24]

Sidmouth has been the setting for television shows, most recently an ITV adaptation of Agatha Christie's Marple in summer 2005.

It was a favourite spot for Sir John Betjeman. He chose it as the subject of the first programme of the television series John Betjeman in the West Country that he wrote and presented in 1962. The script takes the form of an extended poem and was republished in 2000 as a short book.[25]

Sidmouth, specifically the area of rock pools around Jacobs' Ladder, is also used as the location for H. G. Wells' The Sea Raiders.

Miscellanea[edit]

The Sidmouth Herald is the local newspaper.

Manor Pavilion houses an arts centre and a theatre that hosts both amateur and professional productions.[26] There is also the Radway Cinema.[27]

Sidmouth has been a frequent winner of Britain in Bloom awards. Most recently it won the Small Town category in 2001 and the Coastal Resort category in 2005.

Sid Vale Association, the first civic society in Britain, was founded in 1846 and is based in Sidmouth.

In 2016, a worldwide architectural competition was held in the town to provide ideas for the future redevelopment of Sidmouth's eastern town and seafront. The competition was initiated by Sidmouth Architect Henry Beech Mole.[28][29]

Twin towns[edit]

Sidmouth is twinned with Le Locle in Switzerland.

Features[edit]

The Esplanade[edit]

The Esplanade is the sea front road from the red cliffs at the east towards Jacob's Ladder beach at the west. Peak Hill can be seen in the distance.

Jacob's Ladder and beach[edit]

Jacob's Ladder is a series of wooden steps leading up to Connaught Gardens from Jacob's Ladder beach and its red cliffs. An alternative route up to Connaught Gardens is a steep path. The ladder became unstable and began to become crooked. It was repaired by a team.

Connaught Gardens[edit]

Connaught Gardens in September

Connaught Gardens date from around 1820. They were named after the Duke of Connaught, the third son of Queen Victoria and he officially opened the gardens in 1934, aged 84.

They contain a bandstand opening to a wide space and is used by bands in many weeks of the summer season.

Peak Hill Slope[edit]

This grassy slope up and along Peak Hill follows the red cliffs above Jacob's Ladder Beach. It provides a wide view eastwards over the whole town towards Salcombe Hill beyond it.

Economy[edit]

The principal revenue is from tourism. Sidmouth is a retirement location, so pensioner spending is another source of income.

The largest employer is East Devon District Council, whose headquarters are at the former Knowle Hotel. There is a large independent department store, Field's of Sidmouth, which has been on the same site for over 200 years.[citation needed] There are pubs, restaurants, coffee houses and tea rooms; also an indoor swimming pool, a sports hall at the leisure centre and a golf course.

Education[edit]

Old Fore Street (pedestrian zone)

Sidmouth College is a comprehensive school which takes children aged 11–18 from as far afield as Exmouth and Exeter.[30] In February 2012, with 852 pupils on roll, the college was deemed 'Good' by Ofsted, .[31] The judgment of improvement in the college's provision followed the previous inspection (May 2009) when it was deemed 'satisfactory'.[32] In the 2005 Ofsted report, when there were 869 students on roll, it was also deemed 'satisfactory'.[33]

Sidmouth College is situated in the Sid Valley. It admits students from East Devon.

There is one state junior school, which takes children from between the ages of 8 and 11. There are two state infant schools. There is, additionally, a private school : St John's International School (formerly known as the Convent of the Assumption) which takes children from 2–18 years including overseas boarders. In 2007, it was taken over by International Education Systems (IES).[34]

Sidmouth International School is an English language school for foreign pupils.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Sidmouth CP (Parish). Parish Profile – People". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 28 April 2004. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Millward, Roy; Robinson, Adrian Henry Wardle (1971). The South-West Peninsula. Macmillan. p. 175. 
  4. ^ "THE SIDMOUTH HARBOUR COMPANY OF 1836". The Industrial Railway Record. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Travis, John F. (1993). The Rise of the Devon Seaside Resorts, 1750-1900. University of Exeter Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-85989-392-3. 
  6. ^ Gardner, Suze (7 March 2016). The A-Z of Curious Devon. History Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-7509-6410-4. 
  7. ^ Holland, Julian (2013). Dr Beeching's Axe: 50 Years on : Illustrated Memories of Britain's Lost Railways. David & Charles. p. 37. ISBN 1-4463-0267-9. 
  8. ^ "Banker Keith Owen leaves Sidmouth £2.3m and a 'million flowers'". BBC. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Man left town his £2.3m inheritance to plant a million daffodils". Metro. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Devon County Council – Market Town Focus – Sidmouth". Devon County Council. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
  11. ^ "Protect Alma Bridge plea from Sidmouth Chamber of Commerce". Sidmouth Herald. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
  12. ^ Simm, Jonathan; Cruickshank, Ian (1998). Construction Risk in Coastal Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Publishing. ISBN 0-7277-2686-2. 
  13. ^ https://www.stagecoachbus.com/getTimetable.ashx?code=XDAO052B&dir=INBOUND&date=04%2f08%2f2015
  14. ^ "Wards total population 2011". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  15. ^ Mee, Arthur (1938) Devon. (The King's England.) London: Hodder & Stoughton; p. 390
  16. ^ Pevsner, N. (1952) South Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 262
  17. ^ Sidmouth Museum
  18. ^ Pevsner, N. (1952) South Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 263
  19. ^ White's Devonshire Directory of 1850; Sidmouth in Genuki; retrieved 24 August 2012
  20. ^ Lockyer Observatory and Planetarium
  21. ^ "Reference". ibew. Retrieved 11 August 2013. [dubious ]
  22. ^ "Results: 2010 West of England Regional Championships | 4barsrest.com news". 4barsrest.com. 13 March 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "Results: 2011 West of England Regional Championships". 4barswest. 12 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  24. ^ Hahn, Daniel; Robins, Nicholas (2009). "Sidmouth". The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191727825. 
  25. ^ Betjeman, John (2000). Still Sidmouth: the Lost Poem. Ottery St Mary: Peretti Publishing. ISBN 978-0-906038-09-3. 
  26. ^ Manor Pavilion – Sidmouth
  27. ^ Scott Cinemas: Sidmouth – the Radway Cinema
  28. ^ http://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/competitions/ideas-contest-announced-for-sidmouth/10004409.article
  29. ^ http://www.sidmouthherald.co.uk/news/blue_sky_thinking_in_sidmouth_architecture_competition_1_4598727
  30. ^ Sidmouth College Website
  31. ^ "Ofsted 2012". 
  32. ^ 2008 ofsted report
  33. ^ 2005 ofsted report
  34. ^ IES Magazine 2007 – News (pdf)

External links[edit]