|Department of the First French Empire|
|•||1812||5,000 km2 (1,931 sq mi)|
|Density||13.1 /km2 (33.9 /sq mi)|
Simplon [sɛ̃.plɔ̃] was a department of the First French Empire. It was named after the Simplon Pass (Italian: Passo del Sempione). It was formed in 1810, when the Rhodanic Republic was occupied by the French. Its territory corresponded with that of the present-day Swiss canton of Valais. The capital of Simplon was Sion.
- Sion, cantons: Hérémence, Leuk (French: Loèche), Sierre and Sion.
- Brig (Brigue), cantons: Brig, Goms (French: Conches), Mörel, Raron and Visp (French: Viège).
- Saint-Maurice, cantons: Entremont, Martigny, Monthey and Saint-Maurice.
Its population in 1812 was 65,500, and its area was approximately 500,000 hectares.
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