Smithville, Burlington County, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Atlantic County settlement with the same name, see Smithville, Atlantic County, New Jersey.
Smithville, New Jersey
Unincorporated community
Smithville Schoolhouse
Smithville Schoolhouse
Smithville, New Jersey is located in Burlington County, New Jersey
Smithville, New Jersey
Smithville, New Jersey
Location of Smithville in Burlington County (Inset: Location of county within the state of New Jersey)
Coordinates: 39°59′09″N 74°44′55″W / 39.98583°N 74.74861°W / 39.98583; -74.74861Coordinates: 39°59′09″N 74°44′55″W / 39.98583°N 74.74861°W / 39.98583; -74.74861
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Burlington
Township Eastampton
Elevation[1] 39 ft (12 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08060[2]
Area code(s) 609
GNIS feature ID 880667[1]

Smithville was a village in Eastampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey.[3] It was originally established as Shreveville in 1831 by Jonathan and Samuel Shreve as a textile village on the Rancocas Creek.[3] It was purchased by Hezekiah Bradley Smith in 1865 and renamed to Smithville.[3] The Smithville post office was established in 1866.[4] The H. B. Smith Machine Company, which produced the American Star Bicycle beginning in 1880, was located there.[3] In 1962, the Smithville Post Office was closed. In 1975, Burlington County purchased the property and created the first park in the county.[3] It is listed on the National and New Jersey Registers of Historic Places as the Smithville Historic District.[5]

Bicycle railroad[edit]

The Mount Holly and Smithville Bicycle Railway - 1892-1898

In 1892, Arthur Hotchkiss received a patent for a bicycle railroad and contracted with the Smith Machine Company to manufacture it. The initial track ran 1.8 miles (2.9 km) from Smithville, in a nearly straight line, crossing the Rancocas Creek ten times, and arrived at Pine Street, Mount Holly. It was completed in time for the Mount Holly Fair in September 1892, and the purpose of the railway was supposed to have been enabling employees to commute quickly from Mount Holly to the factory at Smithville. Monthly commuter tickets cost $2.00. The record speed on the railway was 4.5 minutes, and the average trip took 6-7 minutes. The railway was exhibited at the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. It only had one track so that it was impossible to pass another rider, and if riders traveling in opposite directions met, one had to pull off onto a siding. By 1897 ridership had declined, and the railway fell into disrepair.[3][6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Smithville". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Look Up a ZIP Code". United States Postal Service. Retrieved September 20, 2015. Used Smithville Road in Eastampton, NJ 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Smithville Conservancy". H.B. Smith Industrial Village Conservancy. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  4. ^ Doug D’Avino (2011). "Smithville - Hezekiah B. Smith's Industrial Village". The Journal of the New Jersey Postal History Society (New Jersey Postal Historical Society) 39 (4): 198–210. ISSN 1078-1625. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  5. ^ "Historic Smithville Park". Burlington County Government. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  6. ^ "The Bicycle Railroad and Its Inventor, Arthur Hotchkiss". New Jersey History's Mysteries. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  7. ^ Douglas Self. "Unusual Pedal Bicycles". The Museum of Retro Technology. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  8. ^ "Of Bicycle Railroads and Moose-Drawn Carriages". Plankton Art Company. 29 June 2005. 

External links[edit]