North Hanover Township, New Jersey

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North Hanover Township, New Jersey
Township of North Hanover
Jacobstown, a settlement within the township
Jacobstown, a settlement within the township
North Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
North Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of North Hanover Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of North Hanover Township, New Jersey
North Hanover Township is located in Burlington County, New Jersey
North Hanover Township
North Hanover Township
Location in Burlington County
North Hanover Township is located in New Jersey
North Hanover Township
North Hanover Township
Location in New Jersey
North Hanover Township is located in the United States
North Hanover Township
North Hanover Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°05′24″N 74°35′08″W / 40.089961°N 74.585444°W / 40.089961; -74.585444Coordinates: 40°05′24″N 74°35′08″W / 40.089961°N 74.585444°W / 40.089961; -74.585444[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyBurlington
IncorporatedApril 12, 1905
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorRonald DeBaecke (R, term ends December 31, 2022)[3][4]
 • Municipal clerkMary Picariello[5]
Area
 • Total17.51 sq mi (45.35 km2)
 • Land17.37 sq mi (44.98 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.37 km2)  0.81%
Area rank164th of 565 in state
15th of 40 in county[1]
Elevation154 ft (47 m)
Population
 • Total7,678
 • Estimate 
(2019)[11]
7,470
 • Rank298th of 566 in state
22nd of 40 in county[12]
 • Density444.2/sq mi (171.5/km2)
 • Density rank452nd of 566 in state
30th of 40 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08562[13]
Area code(s)609 exchanges: 723, 724, 752, 758[14]
FIPS code3400553070[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID0882087[1][17]
Websitewww.northhanovertwp.com

North Hanover Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,678,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 331 (+4.5%) from the 7,347 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 2,647 (-26.5%) from the 9,994 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

North Hanover Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 12, 1905, from portions of New Hanover Township. Portions of the township were taken on March 4, 1918, to form Wrightstown.[19][20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 17.51 square miles (45.35 km2), including 17.37 square miles (44.98 km2) of land and 0.14 square miles (0.37 km2) of water (0.81%).[1][2]

McGuire Air Force Base is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located in portions of both New Hanover Township and North Hanover Township that had a 2010 Census total population of 3,710,[21] of which 2,973 were in the North Hanover portion of the CDP and 737 were in New Hanover.[22]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Arneytown, Ellisdale, Jacobstown, Sykesville and Wrightstown.[23]

The township borders Chesterfield Township, New Hanover Township and Springfield Township in Burlington County; Hamilton Township in Mercer County; Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County; and Plumsted Township in Ocean County.[24][25][26]

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve.[27] Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.[28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910696
1920651*−6.5%
19306753.7%
19407318.3%
19501,15558.0%
19602,796142.1%
19709,858252.6%
19809,050−8.2%
19909,99410.4%
20007,347−26.5%
20107,6784.5%
Est. 20197,470[11][29][30]−2.7%
Population sources:
1910-2000[31] 1910-1920[32]
1910[33] 1910-1930[34]
1930-1990[35] 2000[36][37] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 7,678 people, 2,784 households, and 2,049.024 families in the township. The population density was 444.2 inhabitants per square mile (171.5/km2). There were 3,370 housing units at an average density of 195.0 per square mile (75.3/km2). The racial makeup was 80.18% (6,156) White, 9.33% (716) Black or African American, 0.40% (31) Native American, 1.89% (145) Asian, 0.42% (32) Pacific Islander, 3.10% (238) from other races, and 4.69% (360) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.43% (801) of the population.[8]

Of the 2,784 households, 41.2% had children under the age of 18; 58.7% were married couples living together; 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.4% were non-families. Of all households, 21.2% were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.25.[8]

29.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 99.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 99.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $72,410 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,321) and the median family income was $78,523 (+/- $10,326). Males had a median income of $55,352 (+/- $9,756) versus $37,052 (+/- $6,255) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,529 (+/- $2,650). About 3.3% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.[38]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 7,347 people, 2,498 households, and 2,020 families residing in the township. The population density was 423.7 people per square mile (163.6/km2). There were 2,670 housing units at an average density of 154.0 per square mile (59.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.63% White, 10.96% African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 3.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.76% of the population.[36][37]

There were 2,498 households, out of which 52.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 15.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.29.[36][37]

In the township the population was spread out, with 33.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 15.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the township was $39,988, and the median income for a family was $45,553. Males had a median income of $31,698 versus $26,094 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,580. About 4.4% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

North Hanover Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[39] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][40] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2020, members of the North Hanover Township Committee are Mayor Ronald DeBaecke Jr. (I, term on committee ends December 31, 2022; term as mayor ends 2020), Deputy Mayor Christopher A. Doyle (R, term on committee ends 2022; term as deputy mayor ends 2020), Lou Delorenzo (R, 2020), John S. Kocubinski (D, 2021) and Brendan J. O'Donnell (D, 2021).[3][41][42][43][44]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

North Hanover Township is located in the 3rd Congressional District[45] and is part of New Jersey's 12th state legislative district.[9][46][47] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, North Hanover Township had been in the 30th state legislative district.[48]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Andy Kim (D, Bordentown).[49] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[50] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[51][52]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 12th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (R, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Ronald S. Dancer (R, Plumsted Township).[53][54]

Burlington County is governed by a board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year; at an annual reorganization meeting, the board selects a director and deputy director from among its members.[55] As of 2018, Burlington County Board of Chosen Freeholders are Director Kate Gibbs (R, Lumberton Township, term as freeholder and as director ends December 31, 2018),[56] Deputy Director Linda Hughes (R, Evesham Township, term as freeholder and as deputy director ends 2018)[57] Tom Pullion (D, Edgewater Park, 2020),[58] Balvir Singh (D, Burlington Township, 2020),[59] and Latham Tiver (R, Southampton Township, 2019).[60][55][61][62] Burlington County's Constitutional Officers are County Clerk Tim Tyler (R, Fieldsboro, 2018),[63][64] Sheriff Jean E. Stanfield (R, Westampton, 2019)[65][66] and Surrogate Mary Ann O'Brien (R, Medford, 2021).[67][68][62]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,280 registered voters in North Hanover Township, of which 703 (21.4% vs. 33.3% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 907 (27.7% vs. 23.9%) were registered as Republicans and 1,668 (50.9% vs. 42.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[69] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 42.7% (vs. 61.7% in Burlington County) were registered to vote, including 60.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.3% countywide).[69][70]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,211 votes here (55.2% vs. 40.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 934 votes (42.6% vs. 58.1%) and other candidates with 26 votes (1.2% vs. 1.0%), among the 2,192 ballots cast by the township's 3,469 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.2% (vs. 74.5% in Burlington County).[71][72] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,336 votes here (55.9% vs. 39.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,005 votes (42.1% vs. 58.4%) and other candidates with 32 votes (1.3% vs. 1.0%), among the 2,390 ballots cast by the township's 3,413 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0% (vs. 80.0% in Burlington County).[73] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,421 votes here (59.6% vs. 46.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 922 votes (38.7% vs. 52.9%) and other candidates with 26 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,383 ballots cast by the township's 3,240 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5% (vs. 78.8% in the whole county).[74]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,040 votes here (72.9% vs. 61.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 338 votes (23.7% vs. 35.8%) and other candidates with 19 votes (1.3% vs. 1.2%), among the 1,426 ballots cast by the township's 3,268 registered voters, yielding a 43.6% turnout (vs. 44.5% in the county).[75][76] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 995 votes here (63.8% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 442 votes (28.4% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 69 votes (4.4% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 33 votes (2.1% vs. 1.2%), among the 1,559 ballots cast by the township's 3,339 registered voters, yielding a 46.7% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).[77]

Education[edit]

Children in public school for pre-kindergarten through sixth grade attend the North Hanover Township School District.[78] The district operates three elementary schools, with two located in Jacobstown and one on the grounds of Joint Base MDL.[79] It is the largest K-6 school district in Burlington County.[citation needed] As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 1,132 students and 108.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.4:1.[80] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 school enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[81]) are Discovery Early Childhood Center at Endeavour School[82] with 282 students in grades PreK-K (on Joint Base MDL), Endeavour Elementary School[83] new for 2019-20 serving grades 1-4 (on Joint Base MDL), Clarence B. Lamb Elementary School[84] with 364 students in grades 1-4 (in Jacobstown; now PreK-4) and Upper Elementary School[85] with 280 students in grades 5-6 (in Jacobstown).[79][86] Endeavour School was constructed on Joint Base MDL at a cost of $75 million and opened for the 2019–20 school year, replacing the former Atlantis (which had 208 students in grades 1-2), Discover and Columbia schools. The new Endeavour School will run through fourth grade, reducing the frequent changes of students between buildings every two years, as each school had accommodated two grades.[87]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Northern Burlington County Regional School District, which also serves students from Chesterfield Township, Mansfield Township and Springfield Township, along with children of military personnel based at Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst.[88][89] The schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[90]) are Northern Burlington County Regional Middle School[91] with 834 students in grades 7 - 8 and Northern Burlington County Regional High School[92] with 1,335 students in grades 9-12.[93] Both schools are in the Columbus section of Mansfield Township. Using a formula that reflects the population and the value of the assessed property in each of the constituent municipalities, under which taxpayers in North Hanover Township pay 14.2% of the district's tax levy, with the district's 2013-14 budget including $35.6 million in spending.[94] The 7-12 district's board of education has nine members, who are elected directly by voters to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three seats up for election each year.[95] The nine seats on the Board of Education are allocated based on the population of the constituent municipalities, with three seats assigned to North Hanover Township.[96][97]

Students from New Hanover Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.[98] All costs associated with attending the school are paid by the home school district, which is also responsible for student transportation to and from the school.[99]

Transportation[edit]

CR 528 in North Hanover Township

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 42.75 miles (68.80 km) of roadways, of which 22.34 miles (35.95 km) were maintained by the municipality and 20.41 miles (32.85 km) by Burlington County.[100]

No Interstate, U.S., or State route pass through. The two main county routes that traverse are County Road 528 and County Road 537.

Limited access roads that are accessible in neighboring communities include Interstate 295 (Hamilton Township), and Interstate 195 (Hamilton & Upper Freehold Township). While the New Jersey Turnpike is also in bordering Hamilton Township, the closest interchange is exit 7 in Bordentown Township.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit provides bus service in the township on the 317 route between Asbury Park and Philadelphia.[101][102]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with North Hanover Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
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  3. ^ a b Township Committee, North Hanover Township. Accessed May 12, 2020.
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, DeBaecke is listed with a term-end year of 2022, which is the end of his three-year committee term, not his one-year mayoral term.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, North Hanover Township. Accessed May 12, 2020.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for North Hanover, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 26, 2012.
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  78. ^ North Hanover Township Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, North Hanover Township School District. Accessed March 1, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through six in the North Hanover Township School District. Composition: The North Hanover Township School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of North Hanover Township."
  79. ^ a b Our Schools, North Hanover Township School District. Accessed February 13, 2020. "The North Hanover Township School District serves students in grades PreK3-6th. We currently have three operating schools: C.B. Lamb Elementary School, Endeavour Elementary School and the Upper Elementary School. Endeavour Elementary School is located in the Falcon Courts North Section of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst. C.B. Lamb Elementary School and Upper Elementary School are located in the Jacobstown section of North Hanover Township."
  80. ^ District information for North Hanover Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019.
  81. ^ School Data for the North Hanover Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019.
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  83. ^ Endeavour Elementary School, North Hanover Township School District. Accessed February 13, 2020.
  84. ^ Clarence B. Lamb Elementary School, North Hanover Township School District. Accessed February 13, 2020.
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  87. ^ D’Elia, Gianluca. "North Hanover opens $75M new Endeavour School on joint base", Burlington County Times, September 8, 2019. Accessed February 13, 2020. "The base’s former three elementary schools, Atlantis, Discovery and Columbia, were all demolished over the summer — all of the base’s schools have been named after space shuttles, and a sign for the main office at the new school reads 'Mission Control' to further the theme.... Previously, students would change schools after kindergarten, then again after second grade. They’d attend Discovery for pre-K and kindergarten, Atlantis for first and second grades, and Columbia for third and fourth. Students will still attend Upper Elementary School in North Hanover when they reach fifth grade."
  88. ^ Northern Burlington County Regional High School 2016-17 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 22, 2018. "Northern Burlington County Regional High School proudly serves students from Chesterfield, Mansfield, North Hanover, and Springfield Townships, as well as students from Joint Base McGuire-Dix Lakehurst."
  89. ^ Esposito, Martha. "Discover Burlington County 2013: Regional School Districts", Burlington County Times, April 26, 2015. Accessed May 12, 2020. "Northern Burlington County Regional - Serves: Chesterfield, Mansfield, North Hanover, Springfield, Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst"
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  94. ^ Zimmaro, Mark. "Sharp tax increase included in Northern Burlington budget", Burlington County Times, April 8, 2013. Accessed November 10, 2014. "The $35.6 million budget represents a 2.7 percent increase from last year's spending plan.... Tax rates in sending districts are determined using a state equalization formula that takes into account factors such as population and assessed values. Based on the formula, Chesterfield taxpayers fund 21.6 percent of Northern Burlington's tax levy, Mansfield 46.5 percent, North Hanover 14.2 percent and Springfield 17.7 percent."
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  98. ^ Why Choose BCIT?, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed September 2, 2020.
  99. ^ FAQ, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed September 2, 2020. "BCIT is a free, public high school option for Burlington County students. Costs associated with attending BCIT are covered by your sending school, including transportation."
  100. ^ Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  101. ^ Burlington County Bus/Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  102. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide Archived 2018-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 28, 2013.
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