Southern Federal District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about political group of regions by a Presidential Decree. For geographical region, see Southern Russia.
This article is about North Caucasian Federal District created in 2000 and renamed. For district created in 2010, see North Caucasian Federal District.

Coordinates: 47°14′N 39°43′E / 47.233°N 39.717°E / 47.233; 39.717

Southern Federal District
Южный федеральный округ
Federal district of Russia
Location of the Southern Federal District
Location of the Southern Federal District
Country  Russia
Established May 18, 2000
Administrative center Rostov-on-Don
 • Presidential Envoy Vladimir Ustinov
 • Total 418,500 km2 (161,600 sq mi)
Area rank 7th
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 13,854,334[1]
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 33.1/km2 (86/sq mi)
 • Urban 62.4%[1]
 • Rural 37.6%[1]
Federal subjects 6 contained
Economic regions 1 contained

The Southern Federal District (Russian: Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг, tr. Yuzhny federalny okrug; IPA: [ˈjuʐnɨj fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnɨj ˈokrʊk]) is one of the nine federal districts of Russia. Its territory lies mostly on the Pontic-Caspian steppe. The Southern Federal District was originally called the North Caucasian Federal District when it was founded in May 2000, but was renamed soon after for political reasons. On January 19, 2010, the Southern Federal District was split in two, with its former southern territories forming a new North Caucasian Federal District.[2]

Its population was 13,854,334 (62.4% urban) according to the 2010 Census,[1] living on an area of 589,200 square kilometers (227,500 sq mi).


Federal subjects[edit]

Southern Federal District (prior to 2010 split)
# Flag Federal subject Area in km2 Population Capital/administrative center
1 Flag of Adygea.svg Republic of Adygea 7,600 447,109 Maykop
2 Flag of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Astrakhan Oblast 44,100 1,005,276 Astrakhan
3 Flag of Volgograd Oblast.svg Volgograd Oblast 113,900 2,699,223 Volgograd
4 Flag of Kalmykia.svg Republic of Kalmykia 76,100 292,410 Elista
5 Flag of Krasnodar Krai.svg Krasnodar Krai 76,000 5,125,221 Krasnodar
6 Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg Rostov Oblast 100,800 4,404,013 Rostov-on-Don


  1. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).

External links[edit]