Siberian Federal District

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Coordinates: 55°N 83°E / 55°N 83°E / 55; 83

Siberian Federal District
Сибирский федеральный округ
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Country Russia
Established18 May 2000
Administrative centreNovosibirsk
Government
 • Presidential EnvoyAnatoly Seryshev
Area
 • Total4,361,800 km2 (1,684,100 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
 (2010)
 • Total17,178,298[2]
 • Rank3rd
 • Density3.8/km2 (10/sq mi)
Time zones
Omsk OblastUTC+06:00 (Omsk Time)
most of the districtUTC+07:00 (Krasnoyarsk Time)
Irkutsk OblastUTC+08:00 (Irkutsk Time)
Federal subjects10 contained
Economic regions2 contained
HDI (2019)0.796[3]
high · 7th
Websitesfo.gov.ru

Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг, Sibirsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its population was 17,178,298 according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 4,361,800 square kilometers (1,684,100 sq mi).[1] Alone, it would be the 7th largest country in the world. The entire federal district lies within the continent of Asia.

Krasnoyarsk Krai

The district was created by presidential decree on 13 May 2000 and covers around 30% of the total land area of Russia.[4] In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Federal subjects[edit]

The district comprises the West Siberian (part) and East Siberian economic regions and ten federal subjects:

Siberian Federal District
# Flag Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population (2010) Capital/Adm. center
1 Flag of Altai Republic.svg Altai Republic 92,900 206,168 Gorno-Altaysk
2 Flag of Altai Krai.svg Altai Krai 168,000 2,419,755 Barnaul
3 Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Irkutsk Oblast 774,800 2,248,750 Irkutsk
4 Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Kemerovo Oblast 95,700 2,763,135 Kemerovo
5 Flag of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,366,800 2,828,187 Krasnoyarsk
6 Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Novosibirsk Oblast 177,800 2,665,911 Novosibirsk
7 Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Omsk Oblast 141,100 1,977,665 Omsk
8 Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg Tomsk Oblast 314,400 1,047,394 Tomsk
9 Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva Republic 168,600 307,930 Kyzyl
10 Flag of Khakassia.svg Republic of Khakassia 61,600 532,403 Abakan
The geographic "center of Asia", Tuva Republic

Religion and ethnicity[edit]

Religion in the Siberian Federal District as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[6][7]
Russian Orthodoxy
28.9%
Other Orthodox
1.9%
Other Christians
5.2%
Islam
1.4%
Buddhism
1.2%
Native faiths
1.6%
Spiritual but not religious
33.2%
Atheism and irreligion
18.7%
Other and undeclared
7.9%

According to a 2012 survey,[6] 28.9% of the population of the current federal subjects of the Siberian Federal District (excluding Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai) adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5.2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1.9% is an Orthodox believer without belonging to any church or adheres to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 1.4% is an adherent of Islam, 1.2% is an adherant of Buddhism, and 1.6% adhere to some native faith such as Rodnovery, Tengrism, or Tuvan Shamanism. In addition, 33.2% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 18.7% is atheist, and 7.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[6]

Ethnic composition, according to the 2010 census:

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys[edit]

  1. Leonid Drachevsky (18 May 2000 – 9 September 2004)
  2. Anatoly Kvashnin (9 September 2004 – 9 September 2010)
  3. Viktor Tolokonsky (9 September 2010 – 12 May 2014)
  4. Nikolay Rogozhkin (12 May 2014 – 28 July 2016)
  5. Sergey Menyaylo (28 July 2016 – 9 April 2021)[8]
  6. Anatoly Seryshev (from 12 October 2021)[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  4. ^ "Siberia Federal District, Russia (Siberian)". RussiaTrek.org. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  5. ^ "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  7. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017. Archived.
  8. ^ "Путин освободил Меняйло от должности губернатора Севастополя" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  9. ^ "Путин назначил Серышева полпредом в Сибирском Федеральном округе" [Putin appointed Seryshev Plenipotentiary in the Siberian Federal District]. Izvestiya (in Russian). October 12, 2021.

External links[edit]