Federal districts of Russia

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The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not provisioned by the Constitution of Russia and are not the constituent units of the country, but exist purely for the convenience of operation and governing by federal government agencies. Each district includes several federal subjects and each federal district has a presidential envoy titled a Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District.

The federal districts and positions of Plenipotentiary Representatives were originally created in 2000 by Presidential Decree "to ensure implementation of the President of the Russian Federation of its constitutional powers".[1] Plenipotentiary Representatives are appointed by the President and are employees of the Presidential Administration.[citation needed]

List of federal districts[edit]

Map of Russian districts, 2016-07-28.svg
Federal district[2] Establishment
(2010 Russian Census)
plenipotentiary envoy
Central May 18, 2000 650,200 38,438,600 18 Moscow Alexander Beglov Europe
South[a][4] May 18, 2000 427,800 16,141,100[b] 8 Rostov-on-Don Vladimir Ustinov Europe
North-West May 18, 2000 1,687,000 13,583,800 11 Saint Petersburg Nikolay Tsukanov Europe
Far East May 18, 2000 6,169,300 6,291,900 9 Khabarovsk Yury Trutnev Asia
Siberia May 18, 2000 5,145,000 19,254,300 12 Novosibirsk Sergey Menyaylo Asia
Ural May 18, 2000 1,818,500 12,082,700 6 Yekaterinburg Igor Kholmanskikh Europe and Asia
Volga May 18, 2000 1,037,000 29,900,400 14 Nizhny Novgorod Mikhail Babich Europe and Asia
North Caucasus January 19, 2010 170,400 9,496,800 7 Pyatigorsk Oleg Belaventsev Europe


  1. ^ Includes Crimea, annexed by Russia in 2014; recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.
  2. ^ Population figures from the Crimean Census in 2014.[5] Crimea was annexed by Russia in 2014, after the 2010 Russian Census.


President Vladimir Putin established seven federal districts in May 2000.[7]

On January 19, 2010 the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.[6]

On March 2014, after the Russian military intervention in and annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was established.[8] The legality of this annexation is disputed by most countries as well as NATO.[9] On July 28, 2016 the Crimean Federal District was abolished and merged into the Southern Federal District in order to improve the governance.[10]

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ УКАЗ Президента РФ от 13.05.2000 N 849 "О ПОЛНОМОЧНОМ ПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ ОКРУГЕ". Graph.document.kremlin.ru (2000-05-13). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  2. ^ "Russia: Federal Districts and Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved 24 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Putin signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia
  5. ^ http://en.krymedia.ru/society/3365334-Results-of-Census-Population-of-Crimea-is-2284-Million-People
  6. ^ a b Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  7. ^ "The Russian Federation". BackGround Places. Russia Profile. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "NATO Secretary-General: Russia's Annexation of Crimea Is Illegal and Illegitimate". Brookings. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Крымский федеральный округ включен в состав Южного федерального округа" (in Russian). Interfax. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Владимир Путин назначил калининградского губернатора Николая Цуканова полпредом в Северо-Западном федеральном округе" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Ульянова, Жанна; Яна Милюкова (August 31, 2013). Дальнему Востоку подобрали нового управленца (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Путин освободил Меняйло от должности губернатора Севастополя" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Путин подписал указ «О полномочном представителе президента РФ в Северо-Кавказском федеральном округе»" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 

External links[edit]