Rostov Oblast

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Rostov Oblast
Ростовская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Rostov Oblast (The Orthodox Quiet Don)[1]
Coordinates: 47°52′N 41°11′E / 47.867°N 41.183°E / 47.867; 41.183Coordinates: 47°52′N 41°11′E / 47.867°N 41.183°E / 47.867; 41.183
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Southern[2]
Economic region North Caucasus[3]
Established September 13, 1937[4]
Administrative center Rostov-on-Don
Government (as of August 2014)
 • Governor[6] Vasily Golubev[5]
 • Legislature Legislative Assembly
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7]
 • Total 100,800 km2 (38,900 sq mi)
Area rank 32nd
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 • Total 4,277,976
 • Rank 6th
 • Density[9] 42.44/km2 (109.9/sq mi)
 • Urban 67.2%
 • Rural 32.8%
Population (January 2013 est.)
 • Total 4,254,600[10]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[11]
ISO 3166-2 RU-ROS
License plates 61, 161
Official languages Russian[12]
Official website

Rostov Oblast (Russian: Росто́вская о́бласть, tr. Rostovskaya oblast, IPA: [rɐˈstofskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the Southern Federal District. The oblast has an area of 100,800 square kilometers (38,900 sq mi) and a population of 4,277,976 (2010 Census),[8] making it the sixth most populous federal subject in Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Rostov-on-Don, which also became the administrative center of the Southern Federal District in 2002.

Geography[edit]

Rostov Oblast borders Ukraine and also Volgograd and Voronezh oblasts in the north, Krasnodar and Stavropol krais in the south, and the Republic of Kalmykia in the east.

It is within the Russian Southern Federal District.

Rivers and lakes[edit]

The Don River, one of Europe's largest rivers, flows through the oblast for part of its course. Lakes cover only 0.4% of the oblast's area.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rostov Oblast Government building

It was formed in 1937 out of the Azov-Black Sea Krai.

Demographics[edit]

Reverse side of 2007 commemorative coin

Population: 4,277,976 (2010 Census);[8] 4,404,013 (2002 Census);[13] 4,308,654 (1989 Census).[14]

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 49 715 (11.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 59 376 (14.0 per 1000) [15]
  • Total fertility rate:[16]

2009 - 1.38 | 2010 - 1.38 | 2011 - 1.39 | 2012 - 1.51 | 2013 - 1.52 | 2014 - 1.61 | 2015 - 1.63 | 2016 - 1.60(e)

Ethnic groups: Residents identified themselves as belonging to 157 different ethnic groups, including twenty-seven of more than two thousand persons each. The most important ethnicities are[8] the 3,795,607 ethnic Russians (90.3%); the 77,802 ethnic Ukrainians (1.9%); the 110,727 ethnic Armenians (2.6%). Other important groups are the 35,902 Turks (0.9%); 16,493 Belarusians (0.4%)); 13,948 Tatars (0.3%); 17,961 Azeris (0.4%); 11,449 Chechens (0.3%); 16,657 Roma (0.4%); 11,597 Koreans (0.3%); and 8,296 Georgians (0.2%). There were also 76,498 people (1.8%) belonging to other ethno-cultural groupings. 76,735 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[17]

Religion[edit]

Novocherkassk Ascension Cathedral in 2011
Church of the Intercession, Rostov-on-Don
Religion in Rostov Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[18][19]
Russian Orthodoxy
49.5%
Other Orthodox
0.8%
Other Christians
6%
Islam
1.1%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.5%
Spiritual but not religious
25.5%
Atheism and irreligion
11.6%
Other and undeclared
5%

According to a 2012 survey[18] 49.5% of the population of Rostov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 6% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are either Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or are members of other (non-Russian) Orthodox bodies, 1% are Muslims, and 1% are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement. In addition, 26% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12% is atheist, and 3.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[18]

The Ascension Cathedral is the largest Russian Orthodox church in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, Russia. It used to be one of the largest churches of the Russian Empire and the main church of the Don Host Province.

The five-domed building, which stands 75 meters tall, is a notable example of the Russian Neo-Byzantine architecture. It was erected between 1891 and 1904 on the site of an earlier church. The first church on the site was built to Luigi Rusca's designs. It collapsed in 1846. A replacement church collapsed 17 years later.[20]

Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin ― one of the oldest churches in Rostov-on-Don. For a considerable period of time Intercession Church served as the principal church not only for the fortress of St. Dimitry of Rostov, but also for people of local settlements. Since the end of the 18th century Church of Intercession had been considered to be a cathedral. The status changed in 1822, when Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary on the decree of the Holy Synod was declared cathedral.

Attractions[edit]

Rostov academic drama theatre named after Maxim Gorky
Taganrog Theatre
Rostov State Musical Theater
Soviet steam locomotive class Su in the display area
Taganrog military museum
Deinotherium skeleton in one of the rooms.

The region is 8057 of objects of archaeological heritage of Federal importance. These include lower-Gnilovskaya a settlement and a necropolis, fragments of the walls of the Genoese fortress of the XIV century, the archaeological Museum-reserve "Tanais", many burial Mounds and necropolises.

Since 2002, in the Rostov region are the country's only racing on tractors "bison-Track-Show". In a unique competition brings together machine operators of agricultural enterprises of Russia and abroad. In the past the race on tractors have become a real sports holiday of workers of agriculture.

Theatres[edit]

  • Rostov academic drama theatre named after Maxim Gorky.
  • Rostov State Musical Theater . The theater opened in September 1999, and is the successor to the 1919 Rostov Musical Comedy Theater, one of the best operetta theaters in the Soviet Union.

The theater has two stages as well as a music and entertainment center, and hosts about 300 performances and concerts annually, as well as various forums and festivals. Its repertoire encompasses both musical traditions, as well as experiments in the field of contemporary art.

  • Rostov state puppet theatre.
  • Rostov regional academic youth theatre (former Rostov theatre for young spectators).
  • Taganrog Theatre. The Taganrog Theater was established in 1827 by governor Alexander Dunaev. The theater was subsidized by the Taganrog's City Council since 1828, and its first director was Alexander Gor. The first group of Russian drama artists was directed by Perovsky and toured around the region, giving performances in Rostov on Don, Novocherkassk, Bahmut. The repertoire consisted mainly of dramas, melodramas and vaudevilles. In 1874, the Taganrog Municipality acquired the theater building by the purchase of its stocks.
  • Don theatre of drama and Comedy V. F. Komissarzhevskaya (the Cossack drama theatre) Novocherkassk.
  • Shakhty drama theatre, Shakhty.
  • Novoshakhtinskiy drama theatre, Novoshakhtinsk.

Museums[edit]

In Rostov-on-Don[edit]

  • Rostov regional Museum of local lore.
  • Rostov regional Museum of fine arts.
  • The Museum of modern art on Dmitrovskaya.
  • The Museum of Russian-Armenian friendship.
  • Museum of North Caucasus Railway. The first museum of history of North Caucasus Railway opened on 4 November 1960 in a Community Center of railwaymen at Rostov-Glavny station. Permanent exposition includes: information boards about famous North Caucasus railwaymen, model trains on a scale 1:15, uniform, cases, panoramas, implements of various times. The exhibition covers the period from emergence of rail transport in the region up to the present moment. The various collections from the Russian Civil War and the Great Patriotic War, now exceed 12,000 objects in the main fund[21].
  • Center for contemporary art "Tobacco factory".

In other cities of the region[edit]

  • Archaeological Museum-reserve "Tanais", Nedvigovka.
  • Taganrog military museum, Taganrog. The start of museum exhibition creation refers to May 9, 2004, when the club Auto-Retro Taganrog was founded. Subsequently, several vehicle units were purchased and repaired. In 2008, club activity concept got military direction. On May 6, 2010, permanent exhibition consisting of several thousands of exhibits was opened. In July 2012, the name Taganrog military museum got official status.
  • Novocherkassk Museum of the history of the don Cossacks, Novocherkassk.
  • Azov History, Archaeology and Paleontology Museum-Reserve, Azov. The bulk of the museum is located in the three-story building erected in 1892 which belonged to the former town council, there are 22 rooms. The symbol of the museum is the skeleton of a Trogontherium mammoth that existed 800-600 thousand years ago in the interglacial period. This is the world’s unique skeleton with the whole skull.

The museum areas: permanent exhibitions - 2852 m², temporary exhibitions - 580 m², storage facilities - 1896 m², park (open air) - 7.13 hectares. 

  • Salsk art Museum named after people's artist V. K. Nechitailo, Salsk.
  • The Volgodonsk Museum of art, Volgodonsk.
  • Volgodonsk ecological and historical Museum of Volgodonsk.
  • Hooke Museum of miners ' labour, Gukovo.
  • Razdorskaya Ethnography Museum-reserve, the camp. Razdorskaya.
  • The house-Museum of S. M. Budyonny, Stan. Budennovskaya.
  • "The state Museum-reserve of M. A. Sholokhov", St. Veshenskaya.
  • Aksay military history Museum, Aksay.

Economy[edit]

The port of Taganrog

Major industries of Rostov Oblast are agriculture, agricultural industry, food processing, heavy industry, coal and automobile manufacture.

Culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law #30-ZS
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ Charter of Rostov Oblast, Article 13
  5. ^ Official website of Rostov Oblast. Vasily Yuryevich Golubev, Governor of Rostov Oblast (in Russian)
  6. ^ Charter of Rostov Oblast, Article 27
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  8. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  9. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  10. ^ Rostov Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения Ростовской области на 1 января 2013 года (in Russian)
  11. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  12. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  16. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  17. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  18. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  19. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.
  20. ^ Official website of the Rostov-on-Don Eparchy
  21. ^ "Музей истории Северо-Кавказской железной дороги" (in Russian). Localway. Retrieved 2017-08-12. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Ростовской области. Областной закон №19-ЗС от 29 мая 1996 г. «Устав Ростовской области», в ред. Областного закона №442-ЗС от 23 ноября 2015 г. «О поправках к Уставу Ростовской области». Вступил в силу 6 июня 1996 г. Опубликован: "Наше время", №98–99, 6 июня 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Rostov Oblast. Oblast Law #19-ZS of May 29, 1996 Charter of Rostov Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #442-ZS of November 23, 2015 On the Amendments to the Charter of Rostov Oblast. Effective as of June 6, 1996.).
  • Глава Администрации Ростовской области. Областной Закон №30-ЗС от 10 октября 1996 г. «О гимне Ростовской области». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования (31 октября 1996 г.). Опубликован: "Наше время", №196, 31 октября 1996 г. (Head of the Administration of Rostov Oblast. Oblast Law #30-ZS of October 10, 1996 On the Anthem of Rostov Oblast. Effective as of the moment of publication (October 31, 1996).).

External links[edit]